Factors Influencing the Racial Disparity in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
The overall purpose of this investigation is to better understand factors contributing to the high incidence of prone sleep positioning in African-American infants. In addition, the investigators are interested in investigating other races and ethinicities to understand their beliefs and perceptions and determine differences socioeconomically and socioculturally within and between groups. The investigators will address the following specific aims:
(-) To compare knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding infant sleep position in parents of higher and lower SES.
(-) To identify risk factors for non-use of recommended supine sleep position in families with higher and lower SES (-) to develop a phenomenologic understanding of the decisions made by parents of higher SES and lower SES who do nt use recommended supine sleep position, using qualitative techniques.
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Factors Influencing the Racial Disparity in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)|
- Factors Influencing the Racial Disparity in SIDS [ Time Frame: December 2004 - June 2011 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]Sleep Position (Supine vs. Nonsupine) Bedsharing (Yes vs. No) Use of Softbedding (Yes vs. No)
|Study Start Date:||December 2004|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||January 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||January 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
No Intervention: Lifestyle Counseling
Parents who qualify for the study will be asked to participate in the survey portion of the study. informed consent will be obtained. After completing the survey each parent will be asked if they would be willing to participate in and additional interview (focus group or semi-structured in-debth interview) at a later date.
Other: Lifestyle Counseling
We will utilize a combination of quantitative and qualitative techniques to ascertain factors, attitudes, and beliefs of African American parents of infants less than 6 months old.
Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated prone position to be a major risk factor for SIDS. Studies have consistently demonstrated an increased rate of prone positioning in African American infants, but very little is known about the reasons why African American parents use the prone position more often than other racial groups. Furthermore, no studies have taken advantage of the observed socioeconomic status associated variablility in SIDS and prone sleeping within the African American community. By examing within-group differences, it is possible to move beyond comparative racial descriptions (i.e. comparisions of white and African American) to identification of potentially modifiable factors that might respond to culturally acceptable interventions within a disadvantaged group.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01361893
|United States, District of Columbia|
|Children's National Medical Center|
|Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20010|
|Principal Investigator:||Rachel Y Moon, MD||Children's Research Institute|