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Vitamin D Therapy to Reduce Cardiac Damage Among Vulnerable Hypertensive Patients (AdDReaCH)

This study has been completed.
National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Phillip D. Levy, Wayne State University Identifier:
First received: May 19, 2011
Last updated: December 8, 2015
Last verified: December 2015

This project seeks to reduce the disparity in hypertensive heart disease which exists for African-Americans who have poorly controlled hypertension (HTN), also known as blood pressure (BP). The investigators are targeting a highly vulnerable, often neglected subject population which stands to benefit tremendously from better BP control and a corresponding decrease in heart damage. HTN occurs early in life and more often in African-Americans, reducing both quality and quantity of life. Inner-city African-Americans with HTN utilize the emergency department (ED) for chronic BP management. Like cardiovascular disease, vitamin D deficiency disproportionately affects African-Americans. Vitamin D is thought to play an important role in cardiovascular health. Vitamin D replacement in those who are deficient has been thought to reduce the cardiovascular disease, especially if initiated early before irreversible damage has occurred, but this has yet to be tested in a prospective clinical trial. Accordingly, this proposal was designed to investigate the relationship between vitamin D and cardiac damage (as identified on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging) in a cohort of African-American, vitamin D deficient hypertensive patients without prior history of heart disease.

The primary objective of this proposal is to evaluate the efficacy of vitamin D therapy in vitamin D deficient African-Americans with HTN. Vitamin D is an inexpensive treatment, which, if shown to be effective could improve the existing approach to a widely accessible, cost-effective option.

Condition Intervention
Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
Dietary Supplement: cholecalciferol (Vitamin D)
Dietary Supplement: Placebo

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Adjunct Vitamin D Therapy as a Means to Reduce the Disparity in Subclinical Target Organ Cardiac Damage Among Vulnerable Hypertensive Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Wayne State University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change from Baseline in left ventricular hypertrophy at 1 year [ Time Frame: baseline, 16weeks, 52weeks ]
    Cardiac MRI will be used to assess this change.

Enrollment: 354
Study Start Date: August 2011
Study Completion Date: November 2015
Primary Completion Date: November 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Vitamin D Dietary Supplement: cholecalciferol (Vitamin D)
50,000 UI, chewable wafer every 2 weeks for 52 weeks (27 total doses)
Placebo Comparator: placebo Dietary Supplement: Placebo
chewable wafer every 2 weeks for 52 weeks (27 total doses)


Ages Eligible for Study:   30 Years to 74 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Individuals with known HTN
  • African-American race (self reported)
  • Repeat SBP ≥ 160 mmHg within 1 hour of arrival
  • Age 30-74 years
  • Asymptomatic state (class I as defined by Goldman Specific Activity Scale)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Dyspnea (exertional, rest or nocturnal) or chest pain as a primary or secondary chief complaint
  • Prior history of HF, coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, cardiomyopathy (any), valvular heart disease (any) or renal failure with current, previous, or planned future dialysis
  • Acute illness or injury which necessitates hospital admission
  • Acute alcohol or cocaine intoxication or history of chronic alcohol (determined using the CAGE screening questions) or cocaine (self-reported) abuse
  • Acute or decompensated psychiatric disorder or any underlying psychiatric disorder or cognitive deficit which precludes effective on-going communication or ability to follow-up as required
  • Cancer (other than skin), HIV, or any other medical condition that might limit life expectancy
  • Hepatitis or liver enzyme (ALT, AST) elevations > 1.5x normal
  • Planned move > 50 miles in the next 9 months
  • History of kidney stones
  • GFR <30
  • Serum calcium > 10.5 mg/dl or known history of hypercalcemia
  • History of or known primary hyperparathyroidism
  • Sarcoidosis or other granulomatous disease
  • Pregnant or planning to become pregnant
  • Allergy or known hypersensitivity to gadolinium contrast
  • Severe claustrophobia
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01360476

United States, Michigan
Detroit Receiving Hospital
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201
Sponsors and Collaborators
Wayne State University
National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)
Principal Investigator: Phillip D Levy, MD Wayne State University
  More Information

Responsible Party: Phillip D. Levy, Associate Director of Clinical Research, Wayne State University Identifier: NCT01360476     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1R01MD005849-01A1 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: May 19, 2011
Last Updated: December 8, 2015

Keywords provided by Wayne State University:
left ventricular hypertrophy
Vitamin D

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Heart Diseases
Vitamin D
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Bone Density Conservation Agents processed this record on April 21, 2017