A Post Marketing Study of Apligraf in Non-healing Wounds of Subjects With Venous Leg Ulcers

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Organogenesis
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01327937
First received: March 31, 2011
Last updated: February 20, 2015
Last verified: February 2015
  Purpose

The overall study objective is to use microarray technology to identify and characterize the gene expression of multiple relevant genes in biopsies of non-healing venous ulcers.


Condition Intervention Phase
Venous Ulcer
Device: Apligraf
Other: Standard of Care Dressing Group
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective, Randomized, Controlled, Single-Site Post Marketing Study to Identify & Characterize the Molecular Mechanisms of Apligraf in Non-healing Wounds of Subjects With Venous Leg Ulcers

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Organogenesis:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Determine changes in gene expression in subjects receiving Apligraf (includes Apligraf & Control NPTH) compared to 1 week post treatment [ Time Frame: Apligraf group - Day 0 & Week 1; Control NPTH group-Weeks 4 & 5 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Not Predicted to Heal (NPTH) defined as <40% reduction in ulcer surface area from Day 0 to Week 4


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Determine changes in gene expression in subjects receiving Apligraf (includes Apligraf & Control NPTH)compared to subjects not receiving Apligraf at time of initial treatment and at 1 week post treatment [ Time Frame: Apligraf group-Day 0 & Week 1; Control NPTH group-Weeks 4 & 5 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    NPTH defined as above

  • Determine differences in gene expression in following groups (see description section) [ Time Frame: Apligraf group-Day 0 & Week 1; Control NPTH group-Weeks 4 & 5 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    1. Apligraf (APG) subjects Predicted to Heal (PTH) compared to Apligraf subjects Not Predicted to Heal (NPTH)
    2. APG subjects PTH compared to Control subjects PTH
    3. APG subjects NPTH compared to Control subjects NPTH
    4. Control subjects PTH compared to Control subjects NPTH
    5. All subjects (Apligraf and Control) PTH compared to all subjects NPTH

    Also evaluate validity of surrogate endpoint (ulcer decrease of>/= 40% from Day 0 to Week 4) for complete wound closure (CWC*) by Week 24

    * CWC defined as 100% epithelialization with absence of drainage



Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: March 2011
Study Completion Date: December 2013
Primary Completion Date: November 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Apligraf Group
Apligraf group - Applied at Day 0, Weeks 1-4 (maximum of 5 applications) Also cross-over at Week 4 for Control NPTH group - Apligraf applied at Week 4, Weeks 5-8 (maximum of 5 applications)
Device: Apligraf
Apligraf group - Applied at Day 0, Weeks 1-4 (maximum of 5 applications) Also cross-over at Week 4 for Control NPTH group - Apligraf applied at Week 4, Weeks 5-8 (maximum of 5 applications)
Placebo Comparator: Standard of Care Dressing Group
Standard of care dressing regimen - Foam dressing (eg, Mepilex) and 4 layered compression system (eg, Profore)
Other: Standard of Care Dressing Group
Standard dressing regimen - Foam dressing (eg, Mepilex) and 4 layered compression system (eg, Profore)

Detailed Description:

Subjects with a ≥5 cm2, non-infected target ulcer that has not reduced in area by ≥ 40% since the Screening visit will be randomized at Day 0 to either Apligraf or Control. After enrollment of 25 subjects, randomization will be discontinued and all remaining subjects will receive Apligraf.

Once the target ulcer is assessed by the Investigator as healed at a study visit, the subject's participation in the study is completed (eg, assessed as healed at Week 3, subject would not be required to complete any subsequent study visits).

Apligraf Group (Day 0 to Week 4) Prior to all applications, Apligraf will be fenestrated (perforated) in a standardized manner using a #11 blade with 6 fenestrations per 44 cm2.

For those subjects randomized to the Apligraf group, after Apligraf application, the dressing regimen will include a foam dressing (eg. Mepilex) and a 4 layered compression bandage system (eg. Profore) which will be changed weekly by the Investigator.

After the initial Apligraf application at study Day 0, Apligraf may be applied weekly thereafter for an additional 4 weeks at study Weeks 1, 2, 3, and 4, if, upon visual inspection, adherent Apligraf wound coverage is < 100%.

At Week 4, the area of the target ulcer will be compared to the area of the target ulcer at Day 0 to determine if the target ulcer is PTH or NPTH.

Apligraf subjects that do not achieve CWC by Week 5 will enter the Follow-Up Phase at that time.

Control Group (Day 0 to Week 4 [PTH] or Day 0 to Week 8 [NPTH] Beginning at Day 0, subjects randomized to the Control group will receive the standard dressing regimen which includes a foam dressing (e.g. Mepilex®) and a four layered compression bandage system (e.g. Profore™) which will be changed weekly by the Investigator.

At study Week 4, the size of the ulcer will be compared to the size at study Day 0 to determine if the ulcer is demonstrating "Predicted to Heal" (PTH), defined as >40% reduction in ulcer surface area compared with study Day 0, or "Not Predicted to Heal (NPTH), defined as <40% reduction in ulcer surface area compared with study Day 0.

Control PTH subjects that do not achieve CWC by Week 4 will continue to receive Control treatment and will enter the Follow-Up Phase at Week 5.

Control NPTH subjects will receive Apligraf beginning at Week 4. Prior to all applications, Apligraf will be fenestrated (perforated) in a standardized manner using a #11 blade with 6 fenestrations per 44 cm2. After the initial Apligraf application at Week 4, Apligraf may be applied weekly thereafter for an additional 4 weeks at study Weeks 5, 6, 7, and 8 if upon visual inspection, adherent Apligraf wound coverage is < 100%. After Apligraf application, the standard dressing regimen will be applied over the target ulcer. The dressing will be changed weekly by the Investigator. At Week 8, the area of the target ulcer will be compared to the area of the target ulcer at Week 4 to determine if the target ulcer is PTH or NPTH.

Control NPTH subjects that do not achieve CWC by Week 9 will enter the Follow-up Phase at that time.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subject has at least 1 clinically non-infected full-thickness venous leg ulcer (VLU) at least 5 cm2 in size.
  2. Subject is at least 18 years of age or older.
  3. Subject must have read, understood and signed an institutional review board (IRB) approved Informed Consent Form.
  4. Subject must be able and willing to follow study procedures and instructions.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects who require VAC® (Vacuum Assisted Closure™) therapy on or after Day 0 Study visit.
  2. Subject has arterial disease as determined by an Ankle Brachial Index (ABI) measurement of <0.65.
  3. Subject with any systemic or congenital condition like uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, positive HIV test, or any disorder(s) that may compromise wound healing.
  4. Subjects with carcinomas located at the target ulcer with biopsy confirmed active malignancy. (Subjects with other carcinoma locations would not be excluded from entry into the study.)
  5. Subjects who are currently receiving, or have received at any time within 30 days prior to Screening visit, non-inhaled corticosteroids except topical steroids not at the target ulcer (Inhaled steroid therapy is acceptable on study.), immunosuppressive agents, radiation therapy, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis or chemotherapy. (Anticipated use of the above agents or therapies would exclude subject from entry into the study.)
  6. Clinical vasculitis, severe rheumatoid arthritis, and other collagen vascular diseases.
  7. Signs and symptoms of cellulitis or osteomyelitis at the target ulcer.
  8. Avascular target ulcer beds. (Ulcers of mixed etiology such as arterial disease with VLU will be excluded.)
  9. Target ulcer with exposed bone, tendon or fascia.
  10. Known hypersensitivity to bovine collagen or to the components of the Apligraf agarose shipping medium.
  11. Subject enrolled in any wound or investigational study (drug, biologic or device) for any disease within 30 days of the Screening visit.
  12. Subject previously treated with Apligraf, Dermagraft® or any other cell therapy at the target ulcer site within 30 days of the Screening visit.
  13. Subject with a history of alcohol or substance abuse within the previous year, which could interfere with study compliance such as inability to attend scheduled study visits.
  14. Subject who is a current smoker or has not ceased smoking 6 months prior to the Screening visit, or in the opinion of the Investigator, has a smoking history that may compromise wound healing.
  15. Subject who, in the opinion of the Investigator, for any reason other than those listed above, will not be able to complete the study per protocol.
  16. Target ulcer has not decreased in size by > 40% from Screening to Day 0.
  17. Confirmed gene expression overlap between the subject's cells (buccal swab) and the cells contained in Apligraf.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01327937

Locations
United States, Florida
University of Miami
Miami, Florida, United States, 33136
Sponsors and Collaborators
Organogenesis
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Evangelos Badiavas, MD, PhD University of Miami
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Organogenesis
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01327937     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 09-MOA-002-AG
Study First Received: March 31, 2011
Last Updated: February 20, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Ulcer
Varicose Ulcer
Cardiovascular Diseases
Leg Ulcer
Pathologic Processes
Skin Diseases
Skin Ulcer
Varicose Veins
Vascular Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 23, 2015