Parent Training for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Preschoolers
The purpose of this research is to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of two parenting programs in reducing the ADHD symptoms and behavioral problems of preschool children with ADHD through a controlled study. One program is a home-based parent training intervention that is designed to enhance the parent-child interaction, constructive parenting skills, and the child's tolerance for delay. The other intervention is a clinic-based parent training program that focuses on reducing noncompliance in preschool children and improving parenting skills.
Both programs consist of private weekly parenting sessions with Clinical Psychologists - once a week for 8 weeks. The sessions are 1-1.5 hours in length. Both programs use behavior modification as a means of improving oppositional and non-compliant child behavior. Both interventions also involve procedures that focus on improving children's attention.
Neither program involves medication, and all families will receive one of the two parenting programs being evaluated. Study evaluations, as well as participation in the parenting programs, are provided at no cost to families. Evaluation and parenting sessions can be scheduled at times convenient to families.
|Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder||Behavioral: Home-Based Parenting Program Behavioral: Clinic-Based Parenting Program Behavioral: Wait-List Control Group|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Home-Based Parent Training in ADHD Preschoolers|
- Conners Teacher Rating Scale [ Time Frame: Post-Treatment (within one week of the last treatment session / end of the 8 week waiting period) ]Behavior Rating Scale
- Conners Parent Rating Scale [ Time Frame: Post-Treatment (within one week of the last treatment session / end of the 8 week waiting period) ]Behavior Rating Scale
|Study Start Date:||January 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Experimental: Home-Based Parenting Program||
Behavioral: Home-Based Parenting Program
The Home-Based Parenting Program aims to improve impulsive and oppositional behaviors in 3 and 4 year-olds. The program involves 8 home visits with a therapist. The visits focus on the skills listed below as a means of improving your child's behavior.
|Experimental: Clinic-Based Parenting Program||
Behavioral: Clinic-Based Parenting Program
The Clinic-Based Parenting Program aims to improve ADHD symptoms by reducing noncompliance, which is common in children with ADHD. Parents learn how to help their child attend to and comply with requests and directions so as to improve compliance and attention.
The program involves 8 clinic visits with a therapist. Parents learn various parenting skills to help improve their child's behaviors.
Parents learn techniques and skills to promote positive interactions with their child, including:
|Wait-List Control Group||
Behavioral: Wait-List Control Group
If your child is randomized to the 8-week Wait-List group, you and your child will be asked to attend 2 assessment visits -1 screening/baseline visit and one 8 weeks later. These assessment visits will take place at our clinic. After completing the second assessment, you will receive your choice of either the home-based or clinic-based parenting program.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01320098
|United States, New York|
|NYU Child Study Center, One Park Avenue|
|New York, New York, United States, 10016|
|Principal Investigator:||Howard Abikoff, Ph.D.||New York University Child Study Center|