This site became the new on June 19th. Learn more.
Show more Menu IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... Menu IMPORTANT: Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more... Menu
Give us feedback

The VMVN Study: Virological Monitoring in Viet Nam (VMVN)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Bach Mai Hospital
Roche Molecular Systems, Inc
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Todd Pollack, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Identifier:
First received: March 9, 2011
Last updated: May 2, 2017
Last verified: May 2017
The purpose of the study is to test the hypothesis that the addition of routine viral load testing to the standard laboratory monitoring of HIV patients on first-line antiretroviral treatment (ART) in Vietnam will result in better clinical outcomes for patients.

Condition Intervention
HIV Infection AIDS Other: Standard Care Other: Virological Monitoring

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effect of Routine Viral Load Monitoring on Clinical and Immunological Outcomes and Antiretroviral Drug Resistance on Patients Taking First-line Antiretroviral Drugs in Vietnam

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Todd Pollack, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Death or new/recurrent AIDS-Defining (WHO Clinical Stage IV) Illnesses [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    The number of deaths and/or new/recurrent WHO Clinical Stage IV clinical illnesses that occur over 3 years of follow-up in each group.

  • Virological Suppression [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    The percentage of patients in each group who are still on treatment at 3 years who have virological suppression, defined as an HIV viral load below the level of laboratory detection.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to identification and diagnosis of treatment failure. [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    To calculate the difference in times in the 2 groups from the first emergence of active viral replication (defined as a detectable viral load) to identification and diagnosis of treatment failure.

  • Time from virological treatment failure to switch to second line ART. [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    We will calculate the mean time from virological treatment failure to switch to second line ART in both groups.

  • Resistance mutations [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    The difference in resistance mutation patterns at the diagnosis of virological treatment failure in each group.

  • Sensitivity and specificity of WHO criteria for treatment failure [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    To determine the sensitivity and specificity of WHO criteria for treatment failure among patients on first-line ARV in Vietnam.

  • Cost-benefit analysis [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    To evaluate and compare the costs and benefits of adding routine VL testing to standard laboratory monitoring for patients on first-line ART in Vietnam. In the event that the trial shows a benefit in the primary outcome of decreased number of deaths plus WHO Stage 4 clinical events, the analysis will evaluate the cost per life saved and the cost per outcome event avoided. The analysis will also include a cost per quality-adjusted life year saved.

Estimated Enrollment: 650
Study Start Date: April 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: April 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date: April 2019 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Standard Monitoring
The patients in the standard monitoring arm will receive routine laboratory monitoring as provided to all patients in public HIV clinics in Vietnam, including CD4 count, complete blood count, and liver functions tests every 6 months.
Other: Standard Care
CD4, liver function and CBC every 6 months
Active Comparator: Virological Monitoring
The patients in the virological monitoring arm will have routine laboratory monitoring as in the standard monitoring arm and in addition will have a viral load test performed every 6 months while in treatment. The first test will be done 6 months after initiating ART.
Other: Virological Monitoring
Viral Load test every 6 months

Detailed Description:

The optimal strategy for monitoring antiretroviral therapy (ART) in resource-limited settings (RLS) is unknown. In developed countries, routine monitoring with CD4 count and viral load (VL) testing is standard practice. In RLS, however, limitations in the availability of the technology for VL testing, and in financial resources to pay for VL testing, mean that few developing countries provide VL testing as part of the routine monitoring of patients on ART. Instead, ART is monitored primary by clinical examination with CD4 testing where available. This strategy has been endorsed by the most recent WHO guidelines for ART (WHO, 2010).

Standard laboratory monitoring of patients on ART in Vietnam includes CD4 testing every 6 months, where available. In many rural areas of the country, CD4 testing is not available and only clinical monitoring is used.

In this study we will test the hypothesis that routine viral monitoring every 6 months for patients on first-line ART will result in significantly higher rates of virological suppression and decrease the incidence of death or new or recurrent AIDS-defining illnesses by 50% within three years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age >= 18
  • Confirmed HIV infection
  • Not currently taking ART
  • Meets Vietnam MOH criteria for ART (THROUGH OCTOBER 2011:CD4<250 cells/mm3, WHO Clinical Stage IV, or WHO clinical stage III with CD4<350 cells/mm3; FROM NOVEMBER 2011: CD4<350 cells/mm3, OR WHO Clinical Stage III or IV)
  • Completes required Vietnam MOH ART adherence training
  • Signs written informed consent form

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any ART use within the previous 3 months
  • History of treatment failure on first-line ART or known resistance to first-line ART.
  • Unable or unwilling to give written informed consent
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01317498

Bach Mai Hospital
Hanoi, Vietnam
Sponsors and Collaborators
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Bach Mai Hospital
Roche Molecular Systems, Inc
Principal Investigator: Todd M Pollack, MD Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Principal Investigator: Pham T Thuy, MD, PhD Bach Mai Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam
Principal Investigator: Julian Elliott, MBBS, PhD Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
Principal Investigator: Donn J Colby, MD, MPH Center for Applied Research on Men and Health
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Todd Pollack, Instructor in Medicine, Part-time, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Identifier: NCT01317498     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2010P000334
Study First Received: March 9, 2011
Last Updated: May 2, 2017

Keywords provided by Todd Pollack, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center:
viral load

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases processed this record on September 19, 2017