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Dosage Optimization for Letrozole Treatment

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
Bushehr University of Medical Science Identifier:
First received: March 15, 2011
Last updated: March 25, 2011
Last verified: January 2008
In a prospective interventional study, 44 Clomiphene resistant infertile patients were selected from Abolfazl Infertility Clinic of Bushehr University of Medical Sciences. Letrozole was given orally in a dose of 2.5mg, 5mg and 7.5mg, respectively. If the patient displayed no response, the dosage was increased. The size of follicle, endometrial thickness, estradiol, complications and clinical pregnancy rate were evaluated as the final outcome.

Condition Intervention Phase
Drug: Letrozole
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Dosage Optimization for Letrozole Treatment in Clomiphene Resistant Patients With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Prospective Interventional Study

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Bushehr University of Medical Science:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • normal follicular size [ Time Frame: two years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • clinical and current pregnancy rates [ Time Frame: two years ]

Enrollment: 44
Study Start Date: January 2008
Study Completion Date: December 2010
Primary Completion Date: December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: Letrozole
    2.5 mg /day for 5 days
    Other Name: Femara
Detailed Description:

In this prospective intervention, the investigators studied Abolfazle outpatients who were referred to us by Bushehr University of Medical Sciences in Iran between January 1, 2008 and December 30, 2010. The study was approved by the institutional Ethics Committee of Bushehr University of Medical Sciences and all patients were required to provide written informed consent before the study commenced.There were 3 steps in which the investigators prescribed letrozole (Femara,Novartis,Quebec,Canada). In all cases, daily administration began on the 3rd day of the menstrual cycle through to the 7th day (totaling 5 days). In the first step the investigators prescribed letrozole at a dose of 2.5 mg (one tablet) for one or two cycles according to the patient's response. Normal follicular size and endometrial thickness were considered 18-24 mm and 6 mm or more respectively.1 If the follicle was deemed not acceptable, the dose of letrozole was increased at the next cycle.

At the second and third steps the investigators prescribed letrozole at a dose of 5 mg daily and 7.5 mg/day,respectively and according to patient's response, repeat the same dose.

In the current study the investigators tested the hypothesis that prescribing letrozole as an ovulation induction agent in infertile women would increase pregnancy rate, ovulation and follicle number (at the normal size range of 18-24 mm), endometrial thickness (to normal thickness of 6 mm) and not have considerable side effects in the patients. The primary outcome measure was normal follicular size and the secondary outcome measure were the clinical and current pregnancy rates. Clinical pregnancy was considered as the presence of a gestational sac with fetal heart activity. Letrozole tablets were prescribed by an experienced nurse who throughly explained the method of use to the patients. Sonography was done by an experienced radiologist.

The nurse prescribed letrozole to the patients and the university hospital laboratory's technician did not know past medical history of clomiphene resistance of the patients. The radiologist did not have any knowledge about the drugs prescribed to the patients. Side effects and complications of Letrozole were detailed to all patients by an obstetrician. Statistical analysis was performed by the Statistical Package for Social Science version 11.5 for windows (SPSS Inc., Chicago. IL). The data was analyzed by student's t-test and chi-squared test for linear trend and comparing proportions. A P-value of <0.05 was considered to be statistically significant.


Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 35 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • The study group consisted of polycystic ovarian syndrome(PCOS) patients diagnosed according to the Rotterdam criteria. The investigators defined Clomiphene citrate (Clomid, Iran hormone,Tehran,Iran) resistance as anovulation after consumption of 3 cycles of cc at 150 mg/day, determined by serial estradiol monitoring and sonography. Patients resistant to Clomiphene citrate became candidates for letrozole (Femara,Novartis,Quebec,Canada) consumption at the step-up of the protocol. Patients were between 18 and 39 years of age, body mass index (BMI) was > 19 or < 30 kg/m2 and day 3 follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) < 12Miu/Ml.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • abnormal thyroid Function test
  • hyperprolactinoma
  • galactorrhea
  • male-factor infertility
  • tubal and uterine causes of infertility (hysterosalpingography)
  • abnormal response in progesterone challenge test which implies no endogenous estrogen production
  • poor patient compliance
  • complications with treatment
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01315912

Iran, Islamic Republic of
Bushehr university of medical science
Bushehr, Iran, Islamic Republic of, 0098
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bushehr University of Medical Science
Principal Investigator: Elham Rahmani, Dr Bushehr University of Medical Science
  More Information

Responsible Party: Bushehr university of medical science Identifier: NCT01315912     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: bpums
bpums ( Other Identifier: bpums )
Study First Received: March 15, 2011
Last Updated: March 25, 2011

Keywords provided by Bushehr University of Medical Science:
clomiphene citrate

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Genital Diseases, Male
Genital Diseases, Female
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Fertility Agents, Female
Fertility Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Antineoplastic Agents
Aromatase Inhibitors
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action processed this record on April 28, 2017