A Prospective Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of a Haemostatic Agent in Primary Unilateral Total Hip Arthroplasty

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01285024
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 27, 2011
Results First Posted : April 18, 2016
Last Update Posted : April 11, 2017
Orthovita d/b/a Stryker
Stryker Instruments
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Wael Barsoum, The Cleveland Clinic

Brief Summary:
This is a prospective, randomized, controlled, single-center study to assess the effectiveness of Vitagel, a surgical hemostat, in primary unilateral total hip arthroplasty (THA). This will be an inter-patient controlled study involving one-hundred-ten subjects. Vitagel will be used in a randomly selected cohort of fifty-five patients undergoing primary unilateral THA procedures; a control group of fifty-five patients will not receive Vitagel or any other hemostatic agent except those that are standard during a primary THA. The study will evaluate the effectiveness of Vitagel in reducing intra- and post-operative bleeding.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Arthritis Device: Vitagel Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Vitagel Surgical Hemostat is composed of microfibrillar collagen and thrombin in combination with autologous plasma. It is applied to the surgical site as a sprayable liquid which then forms a collagen/fibrin gel matrix (containing the patients activated platelets) which adheres to the bleeding site. This matrix provides hemostasis and facilitates healing. Vitagel is resorbed in approximately 30 days. It is easily prepared by the OR staff in minutes and only requires ~10mL's of the patient's blood per Vitagel 4.5ml kit. Compared to other hemostatic agents on the market today, Vitagel has the advantages of not containing pooled human donor blood proteins, aprotinin, or tranexamic acid.

Vitagel has been studied in multiple surgical specialties to demonstrate safety and efficacy. Vitagel was studied in orthopedic procedures, both on iliac crest donor sites and sternal edges, during its IDE studies for FDA approval. Vitagel was granted broad indications for use by the FDA in 2000 as an adjunct to hemostasis. It was formerly marketed under the name CoStasis® Surgical Hemostat, by Cohesion Technologies, Palo Alto, CA.

The use of a surgical hemostat in joint arthroplasty may substantially decrease post-operative blood loss, which may reduce patient morbidity, length of hospital stay, and costs by potentially eliminating the need for transfusions and drains.

Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) is associated with post-operative blood loss and frequently requires the transfusion of blood products. Increased concern over the risks of blood transfusion, which include transmission of viral diseases, such as HIV, Hepatitis, and CMV as well as transfusion reactions, has perpetuated the search for new methods of blood conservation in orthopedic surgery. There exists considerable variation in the protocols that are used to optimize hemostasis and minimize post-operative blood loss in patients undergoing THA. Some methods used include pre-operative hemodilution and hypotensive anesthesia; however, these methods have associated risks, require careful monitoring, and can prolong the operative time. Another method used is intra-operative and post-operative salvage of blood with re-infusion which requires continuous monitoring and is limited to patients who bled heavily during the initial period following surgery, because the blood should be collected over a period of not more than six hours. The transfusion of autologous pre-donated blood is also commonly used in THA surgery. While autologous pre-donated blood is not associated with the risk of viral disease transmission, the rates of administrative error and bacterial overgrowth (the factors most frequently associated with immediate post-transfusion deaths) are comparable with those associated with the use of homologous blood. The collection of pre-donated blood requires special programs and scheduling. Studies have indicated that the use of autologous blood transfusions may have little health benefit at considerable costs.

During surgery, meticulous electrocautery, helps minimize both acute blood loss and post-operative drainage. No uniform guidelines exist regarding the use of post-operative drains in THA. Some surgeons use drain systems that allow re-infusion of the erythrocytes, others prefer simple vacuum drains. Still others do not use drains at all. There are conflicting data regarding the efficacy of closed suction drains. Some studies have shown that bleeding may be potentiated by suction drainage. Other studies have shown that drains can lead to complications such as infection, increased blood loss, need for blood transfusions, breakage in the drain tube, and pain during drain tube removal. Thus, the need for adequate hemostasis in THA remains apparent.

To date there have been limited published studies on the use of hemostatic agents during THA procedures. However, even in a relatively low number of patients these studies have shown that the use of hemostatic agents is a safe and effective means to reduce blood loss and the need for and rate of blood transfusions.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 109 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of a Haemostatic Agent in Primary Unilateral Total Hip Arthroplasty
Study Start Date : December 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2014

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Control
No Vitagel used during total hip arthroplasty
Experimental: Vitagel
Vitagel applied just prior to closure during total hip arthroplasty
Device: Vitagel
Two 4.5mL Vitagel Surgical Hemostat Kits, used just prior to closing the capsule.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Transfusion Requirement [ Time Frame: intraoperative - 1 week postoperative ]
    Measure Title: Units of transfusion required

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Total Hemoglobin Level Change [ Time Frame: day of surgery - 1 week postoperative ]
    Total hemoglobin level change from preop to postoperative discharge.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Are scheduled for a primary unilateral THA;
  • Are able and willing to provide voluntary written informed consent for participation in the study;
  • Are between the ages of 18 and 85 at the time of surgery;
  • Are willing to comply with all aspects of the treatment and evaluation period

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Are known to be sensitive to any materials of bovine origin;
  • Are undergoing a bilateral or revision THA;
  • Patients predonating autologous blood.
  • Patients with a preoperative platelet count of less than 100,000.
  • Patients with a previous history of venous thromboembolism or deep vein thrombosis
  • Medical condition requiring anticoagulation
  • Currently using Coumadin
  • History of Heparin induced thrombocytopenia or Lovenox induced thrombocytopenia
  • Have a history of rheumatoid arthritis or inflammatory arthritis;
  • Peripheral vascular disease.
  • Evidence of bleeding or metabolic - based hemolytic disorder (hemophilia or anticoagulation use), or hypercoaguable disorder.
  • Patients with history of liver disease. Patients with liver dysfunction from cirrhosis or hepatitis may have impaired production of factors in the clotting cascade which may make these individuals more prone to bleed, especially with the use of anticoagulants. For this reason, these patients will also be excluded from this study if a baseline INR is greater than 1.3 or APTT greater than 32.4
  • Have a history of failed treatment for abuse of, or are actively abusing, illegal drugs, solvents, or alcohol;
  • Have a systemic infection or infection at site of surgery;
  • Are a prisoner; and/or
  • Are pregnant or nursing.
  • Condition deemed by physician or medical staff to be non-conducive to patient's ability to complete the study, or a potential risk to the patient's health and well-being.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01285024

United States, Ohio
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
Sponsors and Collaborators
The Cleveland Clinic
Orthovita d/b/a Stryker
Stryker Instruments
Principal Investigator: Wael K Barsoum, MD The Cleveland Clinic

Responsible Party: Wael Barsoum, MD, Chairman of Surgical Operations, The Cleveland Clinic Identifier: NCT01285024     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CCF 10-916
First Posted: January 27, 2011    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 18, 2016
Last Update Posted: April 11, 2017
Last Verified: March 2017

Keywords provided by Wael Barsoum, The Cleveland Clinic:
total hip arthroplasty

Additional relevant MeSH terms: