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The Effect of Time-Slot Scheduling on Flu Vaccination Rates

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Harvard University
Yale University
Stanford University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Pennsylvania
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01206686
First received: September 14, 2010
Last updated: August 15, 2016
Last verified: August 2016
  Purpose
The goal of this project is to see if encouraging an individual to privately choose in advance a narrow time window in which to obtain a flu vaccination shot affects the likelihood that he or she will become vaccinated.

Condition Intervention
Seasonal Influenza
Behavioral: Planning Prompt
Behavioral: Default Appointment
Behavioral: Control

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Official Title: Effect of Time-Slot Scheduling on Flu Vaccination Rates

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Pennsylvania:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Receipt of seasonal influenza vaccination [ Time Frame: up to 30 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 50000
Study Start Date: September 2009
Study Completion Date: July 2012
Primary Completion Date: July 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1 Hour Planning Prompt Behavioral: Planning Prompt
Patients were prompted to write down a planned date (and in some cases time) for receiving a flu shot.
Experimental: 2 Hour Planning Prompt Behavioral: Planning Prompt
Patients were prompted to write down a planned date (and in some cases time) for receiving a flu shot.
Experimental: 1 Day Planning Prompt Behavioral: Planning Prompt
Patients were prompted to write down a planned date (and in some cases time) for receiving a flu shot.
Experimental: Default Planning Prompt Behavioral: Default Appointment
Patients were given a suggested date and time for receiving a flu shot.
Active Comparator: Control Behavioral: Control
Patients were provided with basic information (present in all conditions) about when and where they could receive a flu shot, but they were given no further treatment.

Detailed Description:
Influenza causes 36,000 U.S. deaths per year, but influenza immunization rates average just 28%. Behavioral "nudges" may increase the effectiveness of immunization reminder mailers at little or no added cost. Past psychology research has demonstrated that prompting people to form an implementation plan of the form, "When situation x arises, I will implement response y," increases attainment of desired goals because the desired behavior is linked to a concrete future moment. We study whether adding a planning prompt to a vaccination reminder mailer increases immunization rates.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • seasonal influenza vaccine indications according to the CDC
  • employees of partner corporations executing study

Exclusion Criteria:

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01206686

Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pennsylvania
Harvard University
Yale University
Stanford University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Katherine L Milkman, Ph.D. University of Pennsylvania
  More Information

Responsible Party: University of Pennsylvania
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01206686     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 810589 
Study First Received: September 14, 2010
Last Updated: August 15, 2016
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of Pennsylvania:
seasonal influenza
behavioral economics
nudge
implementations intentions
vaccination

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 27, 2016