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Long-term Safety and Tolerability of 0.5 mg Fingolimod in Patients With Relapsing Forms of Multiple Sclerosis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01201356
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 14, 2010
Results First Posted : November 7, 2019
Last Update Posted : November 7, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study was to collect long-term safety and tolerability, long-term efficacy, and health outcome data in all patients currently ongoing in the fingolimod multiple sclerosis clinical development program. This study combined all currently ongoing Phase II and III fingolimod extension studies as well as ongoing and newly planned studies into one single long-term extension protocol that provided patients with continuous treatment until fingolimod was registered, commercially available, and reimbursed in the respective countries.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Relapsing Forms of Multiple Sclerosis Drug: Fingolimod Phase 3

Detailed Description:

This study had two parts:

  • Part 1, collecting long-term safety, tolerability, efficacy and health outcomes data through approximately 30-Jun-2016 until all end of study (EOS) visits of Part 1 and last follow-up visit through Jan-2017 and
  • Part 2, collecting limited safety and tolerability data until approximately 30 Jun 2018, in a subset of patients who participated in Part 1, and other eligible patients from ongoing fingolimod trials.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 4125 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Single Arm, Open-label, Multicenter Study Evaluating the Long-term Safety and Tolerability of 0.5 mg Fingolimod (FTY720) Administered Orally Once Daily in Patients With Relapsing Forms of Multiple Sclerosis
Actual Study Start Date : September 13, 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 19, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : October 19, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Fingolimod 0.5 mg/day
Open-label fingolimod 0.5 mg, taken orally once daily
Drug: Fingolimod
0.5 mg/day
Other Name: FTY720




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Parts I and II: Number of Participants With Adverse Events, Serious Adverse Event, and Death [ Time Frame: Baseline (Part I) to Month 6 Follow-up (Part II), up to 8 years ]
    Analysis of absolute and relative frequencies for Adverse Event (AE), Serious Adverse Event (SAE) and Deaths by primary System Organ Class (SOC) to demonstrate that Fingolimod 0.5 mg/day is safe in patients with relapsing forms of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) through the monitoring of relevant clinical and laboratory safety parameters. Only descriptive analysis performed.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Part I: Aggregate Annualized Relapse Rates (ARR) From First Dose of Fingolimod [ Time Frame: Month 0 (Core Baseline) to End of Follow-up Visit (an average of 162 months) ]
    Annualized relapse rate (ARR) is defined as the number of all relapses (including both confirmed and unconfirmed relapses) experienced during a specific period of time adjusted to a one-year period. ARR is calculated as follows: (total number of all relapses) / (total number of days in the study for all patients for that specific period of time) x 365.25. Month 0 is the first dose of fingolimod study drug among all studies in which patient participated. Only descriptive analysis performed.

  2. Part I: Number of Participants With Relapses (Confirmed and Unconfirmed) From First Dose of Fingolimod [ Time Frame: Month 0 (Core Baseline) to End of Follow-up Visit (an average of 162 months) ]

    A relapse is defined as the appearance of a new neurological abnormality or worsening of previously stable or improving pre-existing neurological abnormality, separated by at least 30 days from onset of a preceding clinical demyelinating event. The abnormality must be present for at least 24 hours and occur in the absence of fever (<37.5°C) or infection.

    In Study Part One, a relapse must be confirmed by an Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) certified Physician within 7 days of the onset of symptoms. A relapse is confirmed when it is accompanied by an increase of at least half a step (0.5) on the EDSS or an increase of 1 point on two different Functional Systems (FS) of the EDSS or 2 points on one of the FS (excluding Bowel/Bladder or Cerebral FS). Month 0 is the first dose of fingolimod study drug among all studies in which patient participated. Only descriptive analysis performed.


  3. Part I: Annualized Rates of New or Newly Enlarging T2 Lesions (ARneT2) Compared With First Dose of Fingolimod [ Time Frame: Month 0 (Core Baseline) to End of Study (an average of Month 156) ]
    Annualized rate of new/newly enlarging T2 lesions (ARneT2) is defined as the number of new or newly enlarging T2 lesions experienced during a specific period of time adjusted to a one-year period. ARneT2 was calculated as follows: (total number of new/newly enlarging T2 lesions) / (total number of days in the study for all patients for that specific period of time) x 365.25.Month 0 is the first dose of fingolimod study drug among all studies in which patient participated. Only descriptive analysis performed.

  4. Part I: Change From First Dose of Fingolimod in Total T2 Lesions Volume [ Time Frame: Month 3 to End of Study (Study Completion Visit) ]
    Total volume of T2 lesions was summarized by presenting descriptive statistics for change from first dose of fingolimod baseline values by visit.

  5. Part I: Change From First Dose of Fingolimod in Total T1 Hypointense Lesions Volume [ Time Frame: Month 3 to End of Study (Study Completion Visit) ]
    T1 hypointense lesion (black hole) volume was summarized by presenting descriptive statistics for change from first dose of fingolimod baseline values by visit.

  6. Part I: Percent Brain Volume Change (PBVC) Relative to First Dose of Fingolimod [ Time Frame: Month 0 (Core Baseline) to End of Study (an average of Month 156) ]
    Descriptive statistics on normalized brain volume at core baseline and percent brain volume change from first dose of fingolimod baseline were presented by visit. A negative change from baseline indicates improvement.

  7. Part I: Annualized Rate of Brain Atrophy (ARBA) Relative to First Dose of Fingolimod [ Time Frame: Month 3 to Month 156 ]
    The annualized rate of brain volume change is an "averaged annual percentage change" in brain volume. ARBA was calculated as: ARBA = [(SIENA/100+1) ^ (365.25/#days)-1]*100 where SIENA=(Vk/V0-1)*100 and Vk is the brain volume at time k, V0 is the brain volume at time 0 and k is the total number of days in the study for all patients for that specific period of time) × 365.25. Only descriptive analysis performed.

  8. Part I: Number of Participants With Confirmed 6-month Disability Progression After First Dose of Fingolimod [ Time Frame: Month 12 to Month 156 ]
    Disability progression was defined based on an increase in the EDSS score by 1.5 point for patients with a first dose of fingolimod (FDF) baseline EDSS score of 0, 1 point for patients with FDF baseline EDSS of >=1 and <=5.5, and by 0.5 points for patients with an FDF baseline EDSS>5.5, confirmed after 6 months and all intermediate EDSS assessments. A 6-month confirmed disability progression was defined as a 6-month sustained increase from the reference (potential onset of progression) value in the EDSS scores. i.e., every EDSS score (scheduled or unscheduled) within a 6-month duration after the first progression should meet the progression criteria as specified above. The confirmation could only happen at a scheduled visit and in the absence of a relapse. Only descriptive analysis performed.

  9. Part I: Number of Participants With Categorized Change From First Dose of Fingolimod in Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) Overall Score [ Time Frame: Month 3 to Month 6 Follow-up ]

    The EDSS is a scale for assessing neurological impairment in MS (Kurtzke 1983) including (1) a series of scores in each of eight functional systems, and (2) the EDSS steps (ranging from 0 (normal) to 10 (death due to MS). The functional systems are Visual, Brain Stem, Pyramidal, Cerebellar, Sensory, Bowel and Bladder, Cerebral and Other functions. Based on the assessment of each FS, the participant's overall score is categorized as Improvement, Stable or Deterioration.

    If baseline EDSS score is <=5, improvement is indicated by an EDSS score change of <= -1, stable is indicated by an EDSS score change of > -1 and <= 0.5, deterioration is indicated by an EDSS score change of > 0.5; if baseline EDSS score is > 5, improvement is indicated by an EDSS score change of <= -0.5, stable is indicated by an EDSS score change of > -0.5 and <= 0, deterioration is indicated by an EDSS score change of > 0. Only descriptive analysis performed.


  10. Part I: Change From First Dose of Fingolimod in Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) [ Time Frame: Month 0 (Core Baseline) to End of Follow-up Visit (an average of 162 months) ]
    The EDSS is a scale for assessing neurological impairment in MS (Kurtzke 1983) including (1) a series of scores in each of eight functional systems, and (2) the EDSS steps (ranging from 0 (normal) to 10 (death due to MS). The functional systems are Visual, Brain Stem, Pyramidal, Cerebellar, Sensory, Bowel and Bladder, Cerebral and Other functions. Based on the assessment of each FS, the participant's overall score is determined between 0 to 10. A negative change from baseline indicates improvement. Only descriptive analysis performed.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients who have completed selected ongoing or planned trials with FTY720.

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • Premature permanent discontinuation of a previous fingolimod study.
  • Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women.
  • Women of child-bearing potential, UNLESS they are using two birth control methods, at least 1 of which must be hormonal contraception, tubal sterilization, partner's vasectomy or intrauterine device.
  • Chronic disease of the immune system, other than multiple sclerosis, which may require immunosuppressive treatment.
  • Diabetic patients with moderate or severe non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy or proliferative diabetic retinopathy and uncontrolled diabetic patients with HbA1c > 8%.
  • Active systemic bacterial, viral or fungal infections, or known to have AIDS, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C infection or have positive HIV antibody, Hepatitis B surface antigen or Hepatitis C antibody tests.
  • Previous treatment with cladribine, cyclophosphamide or mitoxantrone.
  • Treatment with immunoglobulins and/or monoclonal antibodies (including Natalizumab) in the past 3 months during the previous fingolimod study:
  • Any of the following cardiovascular conditions that have developed during the previous fingolimod study:

    • Myocardial infarction within the past 6 months prior to entry in the extension study or with current unstable ischemic heart disease;
    • Cardiac failure (Class III, according to New York Heart Association Classification) or any severe cardiac disease as determined by the investigator;
    • Arrhythmia requiring current treatment with Class III antiarrhythmic drugs (e.g., amiodarone, bretylium, sotalol, ibutilide, azimilide, dofetilide)
    • History or presence of a third degree AV block
    • Proven history of sick sinus syndrome or sino-atrial heart block
    • Known history of angina pectoris due to coronary spasm or Raynaud's phenomenon
  • Any of the following pulmonary conditions during the previous fingolimod study:

    • Severe respiratory disease or pulmonary fibrosis diagnosed (during the previous fingolimod study)
    • Active tuberculosis
  • Alcohol abuse, chronic liver disease during the previous fingolimod study.

The patient must have participated in a previous fingolimod trial to be eligible to participate in this trial.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01201356


Locations
Show Show 457 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
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Study Director: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Novartis Pharmaceuticals
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals ):
Study Protocol  [PDF] April 1, 2016
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] November 26, 2018


Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Novartis Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01201356    
Other Study ID Numbers: CFTY720D2399
2010-020515-37 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: September 14, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 7, 2019
Last Update Posted: November 7, 2019
Last Verified: October 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description:

Novartis is committed to sharing with qualified external researchers, access to patient-level data and supporting clinical documents from eligible studies. These requests are reviewed and approved by an independent review panel on the basis of scientific merit. All data provided is anonymized to respect the privacy of patients who have participated in the trial in line with applicable laws and regulations.

This trial data availability is according to the criteria and process described on www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com

URL: https://www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals ):
Fingolimod
FTY720
Relapsing forms of MS
Multiple Sclerosis
Efficacy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Sclerosis
Sclerosis
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Fingolimod Hydrochloride
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs