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Behavioral Weight Loss as a Treatment for Migraine in Obese Women

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01197196
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 9, 2010
Last Update Posted : August 31, 2021
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
The Miriam Hospital

Brief Summary:
This study involves a randomized controlled trial to test the efficacy of behavioral weight loss as a treatment for migraine in obese females aged 18 to 50 years. The primary aim is to examine whether participants assigned to a behavioral weight loss treatment condition report greater pre- to post-treatment reductions in migraine headache frequency than participants assigned to a migraine education condition.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Migraine Obesity Behavioral: Behavioral Weight Loss Intervention Other: Migraine Education Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Migraine is a highly prevalent, debilitating and costly disorder. Eighteen percent of women and 6% of men are affected by migraine; a neurovascular disorder characterized by severe recurrent headache pain episodes involving nausea, photophobia, phonophobia and aversion to physical activity.

There is increasing evidence that obesity exacerbates migraine. Obesity is associated with more frequent headaches in episodic migraineurs, and is a risk factor for progression to chronic migraine. Several plausible mechanisms have been proposed to underlie the migraine-obesity link including common pro-inflammatory processes, psychological conditions that are comorbid to both disorders (e.g., depression), and similar behavioral risk factors (e.g., low physical activity and high fat intake).

No research to date has examined the impact of standard behavioral weight loss programs on migraine in obese adults. Behavioral weight loss programs focused on improving diet and physical activity consistently produce weight losses of 8-10 kg at 6 months which reduces the risk of diabetes and improves cardiovascular disease risk factors. Weight loss may also improve each of the physiological, psychological, and behavioral pathways that purportedly link migraine and obesity. Thus, behavioral weight loss programs may serve as an innovative approach to treating migraine headaches.

This study involves a randomized controlled trial to examine the efficacy of behavioral weight loss as a treatment for migraine. One hundred and forty obese females who meet research criteria for migraine, as confirmed by a study neurologist and completion of an electronic headache diary will be assigned to 16 weekly group sessions of either: (1) Behavioral weight loss (BWL) treatment (n=70) or (2) Healthy Living for Migraine Relief (HLMR) education (n=70). BWL will provide a combination of empirically validated diet and exercise prescriptions and behavior change strategies such as self-monitoring, goal-setting and stimulus control. HLMR will provide education on migraine and pharmacological and behavioral (e.g., stress management) treatments. Both groups will use smartphones to record their headaches for 4 weeks at a time during pre-treatment, post-treatment, and the end of a 16-week weight maintenance period. Weight and other potential physiological (inflammation), psychological (depression), and behavioral (diet and physical activity) mediators of the treatment effect will be assessed at the end of treatment for tests of prospective effects on migraine days at post-treatment. The primary hypothesis is that BWL participants will report greater pre- to post-treatment reductions in number of migraine days than HLMR participants.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 112 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Behavioral Weight Loss as a Treatment for Migraine in Obese Women
Study Start Date : June 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus Genetics related topics: Migraine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Behavioral weight loss Behavioral: Behavioral Weight Loss Intervention
Participants assigned to this condition will receive an intensive group-based lifestyle program modeled after the DPP and Look AHEAD trials. Participants will attend 16 weekly sessions involving provision of behavioral goals and strategies to modify diet and exercise behaviors in order to achieve a weight loss of at least 7% of initial body weight.

Active Comparator: Migraine Education Other: Migraine Education
Participants assigned to this condition (Healthy Living for Migraine Relief [HLMR]) will receive basic education and didactic instruction in migraine headaches and treatments that are the standard of care. Participants will attend 4 months of weekly group lectures focused on 3 different major topic areas: 1) migraine symptomatology and pathophysiology, 2) standard abortive and preventive pharmacological treatment options, and 3) standard and alternative non-pharmacological treatment options.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in the number of migraine headache days [ Time Frame: Baseline, end of treatment, end of 16-week weight maintenance period ]
    Measured via 28-day mobile smartphone headache diary

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in body weight [ Time Frame: baseline, end of treatment, end of 16-week weight maintenance period ]
  2. Changes in serum inflammatory markers (C-reactive protein, Interleukin-6) [ Time Frame: Baseline, end of treatment ]
    Changes in inflammation will be tested as a mediator of the treatment effect.

  3. Changes in depression [ Time Frame: Baseline, end of treatment ]
    Changes in depressive symptoms will be tested as a mediator of the treatment effect.

  4. Changes in physical activity [ Time Frame: Baseline, end of treatment ]
    Physical activity will be objectively assessed via a multi-sensor monitor. Changes in physical activity will be tested as a mediator of the treatment effect.

  5. Changes in fat intake and other diet/eating behavior components [ Time Frame: Baseline, end of treatment ]
    Diet and eating behavior will be measured via a multi-call 24 hour dietary recall procedure. Changes in fat intake will be tested as as mediator of the treatment effect.

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Changes in additional migraine headache parameters [ Time Frame: Baseline, end of treatment ]
    Additional headache parameters include daily headache activity (severity and duration of attacks, clinical features (photophobia, phonophobia, nausea), abortive medication usage, allodynia, and headache management self-efficacy.

  2. Changes in waist circumference and cardiometabolic risk factors [ Time Frame: Baseline, end of treatment ]
    Cardiometabolic risk factors will include systolic and diastolic blood pressure, total and HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and insulin sensitivity.

  3. Changes in anxiety symptoms and level of psychological stress. [ Time Frame: Baseline, end of treatment ]
  4. Changes in sleep quality [ Time Frame: Baseline, end of treatment ]
    Sleep duration and quality will be assessed via self-report and objectively using a multi-sensor monitor.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion criteria:

  • Neurologist-confirmed diagnosis of migraine with or without aura
  • Experience at least 3 headaches and 4-20 headache days per month
  • Body Mass Index of 25.0-49.9 kg/m2

Exclusion criteria:

  • Have primary headache disorder other than migraine or tension-type headache
  • Have both migraine and tension-type headache and are unable to distinguish the two headache types and/or report 2 or more tension-type headaches per month
  • Have a secondary headache disorder
  • Have initiated or changed prophylactic medications within 2 months of study entry, or intend to change these medications during the trial
  • Have changed medications used to abort migraine attacks, treat depression, or provide oral contraception within 2 months of study entry, or intend to change these medications during the trial.
  • Have experienced recent weight loss (>=5% within the past 6 months), are currently involved in a commercial weight loss program, are presently taking weight loss medications, or have had bariatric surgery.
  • Are pregnant, were pregnant within the last 6 months, or plan to become pregnant during the trial.
  • Report a heart condition, chest pain during periods of activity or rest, or loss of consciousness on the Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire. Individuals reporting joint problems, prescription medication usage, or other medical conditions that could limit exercise participation will be required to obtain written physician consent to participate.
  • Have been diagnosed with cancer or are currently undergoing cancer treatment.
  • Are unable to read or understand the study materials.
  • Report any condition that in the opinion of investigators would reduce the likelihood of adherence to the headache monitoring protocol or clinical trial prescriptions, including terminal illness, planning to relocate, or a history of substance abuse, bulimia nervosa, or other significant psychiatric problems.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01197196

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United States, Rhode Island
The Miriam Hospital Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center
Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02903
Sponsors and Collaborators
The Miriam Hospital
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
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Principal Investigator: Dale S. Bond, Ph.D. The Miriam Hospital
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):

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Responsible Party: The Miriam Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01197196    
Other Study ID Numbers: 0068-10
R01NS077925-01A1 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: September 9, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 31, 2021
Last Verified: September 2016
Keywords provided by The Miriam Hospital:
Weight loss
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Migraine Disorders
Weight Loss
Body Weight
Headache Disorders, Primary
Headache Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Body Weight Changes