The Effect of Patient Education and Rehabilitation on Quality of Life in Patients With Permanent Stomas
The purpose of the experiment is to study the effect it has on patients' quality of life if they go through a structured process marked by intensified and specialized effort by ostomy nurse. This includes close monitoring during hospitalization, telephone contact and guidance following discharge and participation in a group based patient school up to 4 months after discharge .
At the same time the study also examines what the economic effect of following the intervention will have.
|Colostomy||Behavioral: Patient education and rehabilitation Behavioral: habitual patient education|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
|Official Title:||Effect of Patient Education and Rehabilitational Interventions on Health Related Quality of Life of Patients With Permanent Stomas Regardless of Cause|
- Ostomy Adjustment Scale measurement of quality of life [ Time Frame: 6 months (+/- 2 weeks) postoperatively ]the study measures quality of life both with the disease specific questionnaire Ostomy Adjustment Scale and also with a generic questionnaire Sf-36.
- Economic effect [ Time Frame: 6 months after discharge ]The investigators will monitor readmittance and contacts and diagnostic procedures and therapeutic interventions related to stoma creation during the period from admittance to hospital until 6 months after discharge.
- Ostomy Adjustment Scale and SF-36 measurement of quality of life [ Time Frame: 3 months (+/-2 weeks) postoperatively ]the study measures quality of life both with the disease specific questionnaire Ostomy Adjustment Scale and also with a generic questionnaire Sf-36.
- Ostomy Adjustment Scale and SF-36 measurement of quality of life [ Time Frame: 3-7 days postoperatively before discharge ]the study measures quality of life both with the disease specific questionnaire Ostomy Adjustment Scale and also with a generic questionnaire Sf-36.
- SF-36 measurement of quality of life [ Time Frame: 6 months (+/- 2 weeks) postoperatively ]
|Study Start Date:||August 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Habitual stoma care
habitual patient education
Behavioral: habitual patient education
habitual patient education
Experimental: Patient education and rehabilitation
patient education and rehabilitation
Behavioral: Patient education and rehabilitation
Patients in the experimental group will receive specialized and optimized care by stoma care nurses. This includes one-on-one guiding during the hospitalization, guidance by telephone after discharge and participation in patient education 3 times after discharge.
Construction of an ostomy is a radical treatment with permanent physical signs of body alteration. It leads to loss of a central and very personal bodily function (excretion of faeces through the rectum) and there is a significant change in personal hygiene.
Having a colostomy is not a uniform state but is characterized by many different factors: Several types of ostomy, several underlying causes that lead to stoma creation such as cancer, several individual psychosocial profile, which naturally affect individuals differently. Patients are forced to living with a changed body image, a change in daily routines, and for some there will also be changes in lifestyle, social standing and their sexuality will be affected. At the same time patients experience a break when they are discharged from the hospital, and they may lack the practical and emotional support.
The training and education of patients is increasingly being carried out by stoma nurses both in Denmark and internationally. The primary role is to inform and prepare patients before surgery and to keep the contact with patients after surgery to ensure the fulfillment of the patient´s independent and meaningful life after ostomy construction. It is assumed that ostomy nurse's intervention and involvement are important for the patient's quality of life, but there are no studies that uniquely identifies the type of education that has the greatest effect, which applies both to content and methods.
Quality of life measurement in health care is a merging method to ensure the patient´s perspective on health treatments.It is greatly needed to test the efficacy of nursing interventions on patients' quality of life. Pressure on health services increase which makes it imperative also to include analysis and calculation of economic effect of the intervention.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01154725
|Department of Surgery, Herlev University Hospital|
|Herlev, Denmark, 2730|
|Herlev University Hospital|
|Herlev, Denmark, 2730|
|Principal Investigator:||Anne K Danielsen, Nurse, MaClN||Herlev University Hospital, Department of Gastroenterology|