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A Safety and Immunology Study of a Modified Vaccinia Vaccine for HER-2(+) Breast Cancer After Adjuvant Therapy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01152398
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 29, 2010
Last Update Posted : March 14, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bavarian Nordic

Brief Summary:

The current trial, BNIT-BR-003, will evaluate the safety and biological activity of a fixed dose of MVA-BN®-HER2 following adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with HER-2-positive breast cancer.

The intent of vaccination is to induce a combined antibody and T-cell anti-HER-2 immune response, which is intended to target HER-2-expressing tumor cells, and may induce tumor regression or slow progression of disease.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Biological: MVA-BN-HER2 Phase 1

Detailed Description:

MVA-BN®-HER2 is a candidate breast cancer immunotherapy product comprised of a highly attenuated non-replicating vaccinia virus, MVA-BN®, engineered to encode a modified form of the HER-2 protein.

MVA-BN® is a well-characterized, clonal strain of modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA) being developed as a smallpox vaccine, suitable for use in high-risk (e.g., immunocompromised) individuals. MVA-BN®-derived vectors encoding heterologous antigens are being developed for use as vaccines for infectious diseases such as HIV, and for the treatment of cancer. A large database exists from safety evaluations in animals and in humans for MVA-BN®, and MVA-BN®-derived vectors.

HER-2 is overexpressed in 20-30% of human breast cancers. It is an oncogene/growth factor receptor critical for the malignant phenotype of HER-2- expressing tumors. It is an immunogenic target, and immune responses to this protein have been shown to mediate potent anti-tumor activity in multiple animal models. Means to stimulate anti-HER-2 reactivity are now being studied clinically. Sponsor, collaborators, and others have used both Protein and DNA vaccine forms of HER-2, and a safety database is developed and no significant adverse events have resulted from HER-2 directed vaccination.

MVA-BN®-HER2 encodes a modified form of the HER-2 protein, hereinafter referred to as HER2. HER2 contains the extracellular domain of HER-2 but lacks the intracellular, cell signaling domain. In addition, HER2 includes two universal T-cell epitopes from tetanus toxin to facilitate the stimulation of an immune response to HER-2, a self-protein.

The current trial, BNIT-BR-003, will evaluate the safety and biological activity of a fixed dose of MVA-BN®-HER2 following adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with breast cancers which overexpress HER-2.

Patients will receive 6 subcutaneous vaccinations at 4-week intervals and will have blood drawn for immune function analysis.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 15 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Safety and Immunogenicity Trial of MVA-BN®-HER2 Vaccine in HER-2-Positive Breast Cancer Patients Following Adjuvant Therapy
Study Start Date : June 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: MVA-BN-HER2 Biological: MVA-BN-HER2
experimental vaccine, subcutaneous injection q4weeks x6

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number and type of adverse events as a measure of safety and tolerability of multiple vaccinations [ Time Frame: 18 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Type and duration of immune response measured over time to repeat vaccine administrations [ Time Frame: 18 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Signed Informed Consent
  • Women, ≥ 18 years of age
  • Histologically documented, HER-2-positive breast cancer without metastatic disease. Hormone receptor (ER/PR) status may be either positive or negative. HER-2 (+) status may be determined by one of the following measurements:
  • Immunohistochemistry 3+ or FISH/CISH+ (HER-2 gene signal to centromere 17 signal > 2). NOTE: HER-2 assessment may have been on initial diagnosis and need not be repeated.
  • Patients should be assessed as having no evidence of disease (NED) at the end of adjuvant chemotherapy. In addition, these patients must have a clinical evaluation and lab work as standard of care disease assessment without evidence of recurrence within 28 days of the first planned dose of MVA-BN®-HER2.
  • Completed adjuvant and/or neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer at least 3 months previously (measured from the date of the last dose of chemotherapy) and prior to the first planned dose of MVA-BN®-HER2).
  • ECOG Performance Score of 0, 1.
  • Predicted life expectancy ≥ 12 months
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) by ECHO ≥ LLN as defined by institutional standards
  • Women of childbearing potential must:

    • have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test, and
    • must agree to use a medically acceptable barrier and/or chemical method of contraception throughout the study treatment period and for 28 days after the last dose of MVA-BN®-HER2.
  • No significant cardiac, bone marrow dysfunction, or coagulopathy (defined as no Grade 3 or greater AE according to NCI CTCAE v 3.0). No significant hepatic or renal dysfunction (defined as no Grade 2 or greater AE according to NCI CTCAE v 3.0. Patients with a known history of a CLINICALLY NON-SIGNIFICANT laboratory parameter may be eligible for inclusion provided an exemption is granted by the study Medical Monitor prior to enrollment.
  • A negative virology screen for HIV, HBsAg, and HCV

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Congestive heart failure (NYHA Class III or IV), unstable angina, or cardiovascular disease such as stroke or myocardial infarction (current or within the past 6 months)
  • History of cardiac toxicity secondary to chemotherapy or Herceptin immunotherapy (LVEF decline of 15% or greater from baseline)
  • History of prior malignancies other than breast cancer within the past 5 years, excluding basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • Any breast cancer metastases beyond the lymph nodes
  • Known allergy to eggs, egg products, or aminoglycoside antibiotics, e.g., gentamicin or tobramycin
  • Chronic administration (defined as 6 or more consecutive days of use) of systemic corticosteroids within 14 days of the first planned dose of MVA-BN®-HER2. Limited use of inhaled steroids, nasal sprays, eye drops, and topical creams for small body areas is allowed.
  • History of or active autoimmune disease. Persons with vitiligo or thyroid disease taking thyroid replacement hormones are not excluded.
  • Prior solid organ or hematopoietic allogenic transplant(s)
  • Prior use of hematopoietic growth factors (e.g., GM-CSF) within 14 days of the first planned dose of MVA-BN®-HER2
  • Receipt of an investigational agent within 28 days of the first planned dose of MVA-BN®-HER2
  • Prior "vaccine" therapy for breast cancer at any time
  • Vaccination:

Live (attenuated) vaccine (e.g., FluMist®) Vaccination with a live vaccine within 28 days of the first planned dose of MVA-BN®-HER2, or plans to receive a live vaccine within 28 days after the last dose of MVA-BN®-HER2 is not allowed Killed (inactivated) vaccine (e.g.,PneumoVax®) Vaccination with a killed vaccine within 14 days of the first planned dose of MVA-BN®-HER2, or plans to receive a killed vaccine within 14 ' days after the last dose of MVA-BN®-HER2 is not allowed

  • A maximum cumulative dose of prior doxorubicin > 360 mg/m2 or epirubicn > 720 mg/m2
  • Radiation therapy within 14 days of the first planned dose of MVA-BN®-HER2 or plans for radiation therapy after enrollment. Prior to initiating palliative radiation during the treatment phase of the study, the Sponsor's medical monitor or designee must be contacted.
  • Pregnant, lactating, or nursing
  • Any condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, would prevent full participation in this trial or the long-term follow-up study, or would interfere with the evaluation of the trial endpoints

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01152398

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United States, California
Alta Bates Comprehensive Cancer Center
Berkeley, California, United States, 94704
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bavarian Nordic
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Study Director: Olga Bandman Bavarian Nordic

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Responsible Party: Bavarian Nordic Identifier: NCT01152398    
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT01158469
Other Study ID Numbers: BNIT-BR-003
First Posted: June 29, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 14, 2019
Last Verified: August 2011
Keywords provided by Bavarian Nordic:
Breast cancer
Phase I
HER-2 Positive Breast Cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs