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Study of Pre-surgery Gemcitabine + Hydroxychloroquine (GcHc) in Stage IIb or III Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Herbert J. Zeh, III MD, FACS, University of Pittsburgh
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01128296
First received: May 20, 2010
Last updated: June 6, 2017
Last verified: June 2017
  Purpose
The primary goal of the research study is to determine whether treating pancreatic cancer patients with hydroxychloroquine in combination with gemcitabine before surgery is safe. The secondary goal is to determine if this new treatment regimen can effectively treat pancreatic cancer. This study will test the safety and efficacy of this combination in two parts, or phases.

Condition Intervention Phase
Pancreatic Cancer Drug: Hydroxychloroquine Drug: Gemcitabine Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Study of Preoperative Gemcitabine in Combination With Oral Hydroxychloroquine (GcHc) in Subjects With High Risk Stage IIb or III Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Herbert J. Zeh, III MD, FACS, University of Pittsburgh:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants That Experienced a Dose Limiting Toxicity (DLT) [ Time Frame: Up to 31 days ]
    Number of Participants at each dose level of HCQ that experienced a Dose Limiting Toxicity (DLT).


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Disease-free Survival (DFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 30 months ]
    Median number of months of disease-free survival for participants receiving study treatment.

  • Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 35 months ]
    Median number of months of overall survival for participants receiving study treatment.

  • Disease-free Survival (DFS) by Response to HCQ Treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 30 months ]
    Median number of months of disease-free survival in participants who did and did not experience response to HCQ treatment. Patients who had >51 % increase in their LC3-II staining were classified as having a response to HCQ.

  • Overall Survival (OS) by Response to HCQ Treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 35 months ]
    Median number of months of overall survival in participants who did and did not experience response to HCQ treatment. Patients who had >51 % increase in their LC3-II staining were classified as having a response to HCQ.

  • R0 Resection Rate [ Time Frame: Up to 30 months ]
    Number of participants that underwent a resection with microscopically margin-negative resection in which no gross or microscopic tumor remains in the primary tumor bed (24) / number of that completed treatment (31)

  • Disease-free Survival (DFS) by CA 19-9 Response [ Time Frame: Up to 30 months ]
    Median number of months of disease-free survival for participants who experienced Ca 19-9 (surrogate biomarker) response (either an increase or decrease in Ca 19-9), or no Ca 19-9 response. Per participant increases in Ca 19-9 ranged from >0 to 225%. Per participant decreases in Ca 19-9 ranged from >0 to 100%.

  • Overall Survival (OS) by CA 19-9 Response [ Time Frame: Up to 35 months ]
    Median number of months of overall survival for participants who experienced Ca 19-9 (surrogate biomarker) response (either an increase or decrease in Ca 19-9), or, no Ca 19-9 response. Per participant increases in Ca 19-9 ranged from >0 to 225%. Per participant decreases in Ca 19-9 ranged from >0 to 100%.

  • Disease-free Survival by p53 Genetic Status [ Time Frame: Up to 35 months ]
  • Overall Survival (OS) by p53 Mutant Status [ Time Frame: Up to 35 months ]

Enrollment: 35
Study Start Date: October 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 2018
Primary Completion Date: April 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Hydroxychloroquine + Gemcitabine (HcGc)
Hydroxychloroquine orally twice daily in combination with gemcitabine for 31 days prior to surgical resection
Drug: Hydroxychloroquine
Oral dosing daily starting at 48 hours before first dose of gemcitabine (starting on Day -2) and for a total of 31 days (ending on Day 29), prior to surgical resection. Capsules are available in 200 mg strengths. Daily doses are 200, 400, 600, 800, 1000, or 1200 mg, and will be administered BID for doses above 200 mg.
Other Name: Plaquenil
Drug: Gemcitabine
Intravenous administration on Days 1 and 15, with the infusion given at the fixed dose rate of 10mg/m2/min (e.g. 150 min for a 1500 mg/m2 dose).
Other Name: Gemzar

Detailed Description:
This is a phase I/II trial designed to assess the safety, tolerability and efficacy of neoadjuvant oral hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil®) in combination with FDR gemcitabine in subjects with high risk IIb or III adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. Eligible subjects will be administered hydroxychloroquine orally once or twice daily (depending on dose) in combination with FDR gemcitabine (on days 1 and 15) for 31 days prior to surgical resection. Dose escalations of hydroxychloroquine will proceed using Storer's Up-and-Down algorithm D. Subjects will be monitored for side effects and tolerability of the drug. Pre- and post-treatment PET scans will be the primary means to assess response to therapy. Resected tumors will also be assessed for evidence of inhibition of autophagy as well as histopathologic response and margin negative resection and number of positive lymph nodes.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with biopsy-proven adenocarcinoma of the pancreas
  • staged by IIb or greater by by EUS, or tumor greater than 2.6 cm on EUS or pancreatic protocol helical CT scan demonstrating venous involvement
  • Karnofsky performance status >/= 70.
  • No active second malignancy except for basal cell carcinoma of the skin
  • Normal renal, hepatic, and hematologic function at the time of enrollment as evidenced by:

    • Serum creatinine level ≤1.5 the upper limits of normal
    • Serum total bilirubin level ≤1.5 X ULN
  • White blood cell count >/= 3.5x109/ml per ml and platelet count ≥ 100x109 per ml
  • Age >18 years.
  • For subjects with obstructive jaundice, the biliary tract must be drained with a temporary plastic or a short permanent metallic biliary stent.
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects deemed surgically unresectable or subjects unwilling to undergo surgical resection.
  • Subjects who have received chemotherapy within 12 months prior to study entry.
  • Prior use of radiotherapy or investigational agents for pancreatic cancer.
  • Any evidence of metastasis to distant organs (liver, lung, peritoneum).
  • Symptomatic or endoscopic evidence of gastric outlet obstruction
  • Concurrent malignancies with evidence of active or measurable disease except basal cell carcinoma of the skin
  • Inability to adhere to study and/or follow-up procedures
  • History of allergic reactions or hypersensitivity to the study drugs (hydroxychloroquine, gemcitabine).
  • Other concurrent experimental therapy.
  • The effects of HCQ, and gemcitabine on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. All females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within two weeks prior to registration to rule out pregnancy. Should a woman become pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. If a man impregnates a woman while participating in this study, he should inform his treating physician immediately as well.
  • Because patients with immune deficiency are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with bone marrow-suppressive therapy, HIV-positive patients are excluded from the study. For patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy, the potential impact of pharmacokinetic interactions with HCQ and gemcitabine is unknown. Appropriate studies may be undertaken in patients with HIV and those receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy in the future.
  • Due to the risk of disease exacerbation, patients with porphyria are ineligible.
  • Patients with psoriasis are ineligible unless the disease is well controlled and they are under the care of a specialist who agrees to monitor the patient for exacerbations.
  • Patients requiring the use of enzyme-inducing anti-epileptic medication that includes: phenytoin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, primidone or oxcarbazepine are excluded.
  • Patients with previously documented macular degeneration or diabetic retinopathy are excluded.
  • Baseline EKG with QTc >470 msec (including subjects on medication). Subjects with ventricular pacemaker for whom QT interval is not measurable will be eligible on a case-by-case basis.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01128296

Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
UPCI/UPMC Cancer Centers
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15232
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pittsburgh
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Herbert Zeh, MD University of Pittsburgh
  More Information

Responsible Party: Herbert J. Zeh, III MD, FACS, Co-Director of the UPCI GI Oncology Program, Co-Director of the UPMC Pancreatic Cancer Center, University of Pittsburgh
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01128296     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 09-122
PO1101944
Study First Received: May 20, 2010
Results First Received: August 10, 2016
Last Updated: June 6, 2017

Keywords provided by Herbert J. Zeh, III MD, FACS, University of Pittsburgh:
high risk stage IIb or III adenocarcinoma of the pancreas

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Adenocarcinoma
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Gemcitabine
Hydroxychloroquine
Pancrelipase
Pancreatin
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Antimalarials
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 21, 2017