Swedish Mammography Cohort (SMC)
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01127698|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 21, 2010
Last Update Posted : February 28, 2014
|Condition or disease|
|Cancers Cardiovascular Diseases Cataract Gastrointestinal Diseases Osteoporosis Fractures|
From 1987 to 1990 a population-based mammography screening program was introduced in two counties in central Sweden. In Västmanland County all women born between 1917 and 1948 received a mailed invitation to be screened by mammography between March 1987 and March 1989 (n=41,786) together with a 6-page questionnaire; 31,735 women (76%) returned the completed questionnaires. In Uppsala County all women born between 1914 and 1948 were invited to the screening and received the same questionnaire between January 1988 and December 1990 (n=48517); 34916 women (72%) returned the completed questionnaires. Hence, questionnaires completed before undergoing mammography were obtained from 66,651 women (74%) in the source population. These questionnaires included items about diet, parity, age at first child's birth, history of breast cancer in family, weight, height, and education.
In 1997 a second questionnaire was sent to all cohort members who were still living in the study area. The questionnaire updated information about diet and was extended to include information on physical activity, medical history, age at menarche, history of oral contraceptive use, age at menopause, postmenopausal hormone use and lifestyle factors such as cigarette smoking history and use of dietary supplements. Majority of questions in the questionnaires have been validated.
During 2008-09, the exposure information was updated and extended by sending out two new questionnaires - one questionnaire on health including several signs of symptoms, sleeping, social relations etc (2008) and one on diet, dietary supplement use, and lifestyle factors (2009).
Incident cases of cancer are ascertained by record linkages of the study population with the National Swedish Cancer Register and the Regional Cancer Registers. Cardiovascular and other diseases as well as surgeries and causes of death are identified by linkage to the National Inpatient and other registries at the Swedish Board of Health and Welfare. Ascertainment of cancer cases and other diseases is almost 100% complete. Dates of deaths are ascertained through the Swedish Death Register (100% complete), and information on date of moving out of the study area is obtained by linkage with the Swedish Population Register.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||61433 participants|
|Official Title:||Swedish Mammography Cohort|
|Study Start Date :||March 1987|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||December 1990|
- Breast cancer [ Time Frame: 1987-2010 ]
- Colorectal cancer [ Time Frame: 1987-2010 ]
- Endometrial Cancer [ Time Frame: 1987-2010 ]
- Ovarian cancer [ Time Frame: 1987-2010 ]
- Pancreatic cancer [ Time Frame: 1987-2010 ]
- Stomach cancer [ Time Frame: 1987-2010 ]
- Kidney cancer [ Time Frame: 1987-2010 ]
- Bladder cancer [ Time Frame: 1987-2010 ]
- Cardiovascular diseases [ Time Frame: 1987-2010 ]
- Mortality [ Time Frame: 1987-2010 ]
- Cataract [ Time Frame: 1987-2010 ]
- Fractures, hip fractures [ Time Frame: 1987-2014 ]
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA