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Hydromorphone Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic Fingerprint

This study has been withdrawn prior to enrollment.
(PI relocated to new university)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dhanesh Gupta, Northwestern University Identifier:
First received: May 10, 2010
Last updated: April 21, 2015
Last verified: April 2015
The primary objective of the proposed work is development of a high resolution pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) model of hydromorphone for experimental pain stimuli, ventilatory depression, and surrogate biomarkers of opioid effect that will allow the fingerprinting of hydromorphone. This fingerprint will serve as the basis for the development of dosing strategies that efficiently maximize analgesia while minimizing ventilatory depression and sedation. For example, this high-resolution fingerprint will allow precise estimation of an initial hydromorphone target effect site concentration (Ce) from those of effectively administered synthetic opioids with previously determined high-resolution fingerprints (i.e., remifentanil or fentanyl), thereby minimizing underdosing of hydromorphone for analgesia and minimizing side effects.

Condition Intervention
Ventilatory Depression
Drug: hydromorphone

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Hydromorphone High Resolution Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic Fingerprint as the Basis for Identifying Sex Differences in Opioid Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Northwestern University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Opioid induced analgesia [ Time Frame: 24 hours ]
    A combined PK-PD model for hydromorphone induced analgesia (heat pain tolerance) will be developed

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Opioid induced ventilatory depression [ Time Frame: 24 hours ]
    A combined PK-PD model for hydromorphone induced ventilatory depression will be created

  • Opioid induced miosis [ Time Frame: 24 hours ]
    A combined PK-PD model for hydromorphone induced miosis will be developed

  • Opioid induced EEG changes [ Time Frame: 24 hours ]
    A combined PK-PD model for hydromorphone induced EEG effects will be developed

Enrollment: 0
Study Start Date: January 2015
Study Completion Date: January 2015
Primary Completion Date: January 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: hydromorphone
open label single arm pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic study
Drug: hydromorphone
hydromorphone 0.02 mg/kg
Other Name: Dilaudid

Detailed Description:

After 6 h of fasting, each volunteer will have a 20G arterial-line placed in the radial artery for early blood sampling and an 18 G peripheral intravenous catheter placed in the contralateral forearm for drug administration and later blood sampling. Continuously monitored vital signs will include ECG, invasive blood pressure, hemoglobin, O2 saturation, end-tidal CO2, and respiratory rate (from the capnogram) recorded.

After baseline PD data acquisition, a bolus of 0.2 mg/kg hydromorphone will be administered over 10 sec via the free-flowing peripheral IV (t=0) and 3 mL arterial blood samples will be obtained at 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.25, 1.5, 1.75, and 2 min using a stop-cock and manifold system. Subsequent blood samples will be acquired at 3, 4, 5, 7.5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, and 45 min and 1, 1.25, 1.5, 2, 2.25, 2.5, 2.75, 3, 3.5, 4, 4.5, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 12, 16, 20, and 24 h. Although EEG will be acquired continuously, the remaining pharmacologic data will be recorded at discrete times s in the initial 5 min: pupillometry at 1, 2, and 5 min; ventilation at 2 min; temperature analgesia at 3 and 5 min, and sedation level at 4 min. This will allow the ventilation and pupillometry to be acquired in a resting state, thereby limiting distortion of these responses by stimulation. Subsequently, all data will be acquired at all PK time points in the following sequence - ventilation and EEG (simultaneously), pupillometry, modified OAA/S score, and temperature analgesia. After 2 h, once a pharmacologic parameter has returned to baseline for 2 sequential measurements, recording of that parameter will be stopped. During the study, if the volunteer is unable to use the device trigger, due to opioid-induced sedation, the tolerance level for increased temperature will be defined as the temperature at which the volunteer exhibits withdrawal movement of the tested limb. Once all data acquisition has been completed, the volunteer will be allowed to drink clear liquids. Subsequently, the diet will be advanced as tolerated. The volunteer will be monitored hourly (vital signs) in the Clinical Research Unit until all of the blood samples have been acquired.


Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 30 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • within 20% of their ideal body weight
  • 21-30 years old
  • ASA I (no systemic disease)
  • No history of PONV (except wisdom teeth extraction)
  • No long term medication use
  • No history of coagulation defect (i.e easy bruising, gum bleeding with teeth brushing, frequent nose bleeds, past documented coagulopathy, etc.)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Inability to place an arterial line
  • A failed urine drug test on admission to the CRU
  • A positive pregnancy test on admission to the CRU
  • A hemoglobin level < 12.5 g/dL on admission to the CRU
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01123486

United States, Illinois
Northwestern Memorial Hospital
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
Sponsors and Collaborators
Northwestern University
Principal Investigator: Dhanesh K. Gupta, M.D. Departments of Anesthesiology & Neurological Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
  More Information


Responsible Party: Dhanesh Gupta, Associate Professor of Anesthesiology & Neurological Surgery, Northwestern University Identifier: NCT01123486     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: STU00013543
Study First Received: May 10, 2010
Last Updated: April 21, 2015

Keywords provided by Northwestern University:
Intravenous opioids
Patient Controlled Analgesia
volunteer pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic study

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Respiratory Insufficiency
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Analgesics, Opioid
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents processed this record on April 24, 2017