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S0812 High Dose Cholecalciferol in Premenopausal Women at High-Risk for Breast Cancer

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Southwest Oncology Group Identifier:
First received: March 31, 2010
Last updated: February 23, 2017
Last verified: February 2017

RATIONALE: Cholecalciferol may prevent breast cancer in premenopausal women.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying how well cholecalciferol works in preventing breast cancer in premenopausal women.

Condition Intervention Phase
brca1 Mutation Carrier
brca2 Mutation Carrier
Breast Cancer
Dietary Supplement: cholecalciferol
Other: placebo
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Participant, Investigator
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Phase IIB Randomized Controlled Biomarker Modulation Study of Vitamin D in Premenopausal Women at High Risk for Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Southwest Oncology Group:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in mammographic density at 12 months compared to baseline [ Time Frame: 12 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Ki-67 as assessed in tissue obtained in breast biopsies at baseline and at 12 months [ Time Frame: 12 months ]

Estimated Enrollment: 200
Study Start Date: November 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: April 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: April 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I
Participants receive oral cholecalciferol once weekly and oral vitamin D once daily. Treatment repeats for 12 months in the absence of evidence of cancer or unacceptable toxicity.
Dietary Supplement: cholecalciferol
Given orally
Active Comparator: Arm II
Participants receive oral placebo once weekly and oral vitamin D once daily. Treatment repeats for 12 months in the absence of evidence of cancer or unacceptable toxicity.
Dietary Supplement: cholecalciferol
Given orally
Other: placebo
Given orally

Detailed Description:


  • To assess whether mammographic density is reduced in premenopausal women at high risk of breast cancer taking high-dose vitamin D3 (oral cholecalciferol 20,000 IU weekly) vs placebo for 1 year.
  • To assess whether proliferation as measured by Ki-67 staining of breast epithelial cells is reduced in women receiving these treatments.
  • To explore the difference in the expression of other biomarkers (including cleaved caspase-3 [apoptosis marker], ER, vitamin D receptor [VDR], and 1α-hydroxylase) in breast tissue obtained from these women.
  • To assess whether parathyroid hormone, IGF-1, IGFBP-3, 25(OH)D, and 1,25(OH)D serum levels are altered in these women at baseline and at 6 and 12 months.
  • To explore whether a change in mammographic density correlates with polymorphisms in the VDR gene.
  • To assess other sources of vitamin D (sunlight exposure, diet) in these women using a validated questionnaire administered at baseline and at 12 and 24 months.
  • To collect and bank serum, plasma, and breast tissue from these women before and after a 1-year intervention with vitamin D for future biomarker analysis.
  • To assess the toxicity of high-dose cholecalciferol compared to placebo in this setting.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Participants are stratified according to baseline serum 25(OH)D level (< 20 ng/mL vs 20-32 ng/mL or < 50 nmol/L vs 50-80 nmol/L), baseline mammographic density (11-50% vs > 50%), and designated biopsy site (yes vs no). Participants are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Participants receive oral cholecalciferol once weekly and oral vitamin D once daily. Treatment repeats for 12 months in the absence of evidence of cancer or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Arm II: Participants receive oral placebo once weekly and oral vitamin D once daily. Treatment repeats for 12 months in the absence of evidence of cancer or unacceptable toxicity.

Blood samples are collected at baseline and periodically thereafter for biomarkers and 25(OH)D level. Participants undergo a mammogram at baseline and at 12 months. Participants may also undergo random core-needle breast biopsy at baseline and at 12 months.

Participants complete a questionnaire at baseline and at 12 and 24 months.

After completion of study therapy, participants are followed up at 1 and 12 months.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • At an elevated risk of breast cancer by at least one of the following criteria:

    • Diagnosis of ADH, ALH, lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) or resected ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) or small invasive breast cancers (pTmi or pT1a N0) if no pior RT, tamoxifen, or systemic breast cancer treatment within 28 days prior to registration OR diagnosis of resected Stage I (T1b-c N0-N1mi) through Stage II breast cancer for which the participant has been disease-free for at least 5 years and has completed all adjuvant treatment OR
    • A known* deleterious mutation in BRCA1, BRCA2, PTEN, or TP53 NOTE: *The participant must be a documented carrier to meet this criterion. If there is a known mutation in a hereditary breast cancer susceptibility gene in a participant's family member, the participant herself must have undergone genetic testing as per NCCN clinical guidelines to be eligible per this criterion.
    • Modified Gail Model/CARE model** risk at 5 years ≥ 1.67% or lifetime risk ≥ 20% by Claus, BRCAPro, Tyrer-Cuzick or IBIS models OR
    • Mammographic density ≥ 50% (heterogenously dense) NOTE: **Risk models are to be used only if there is no known previous diagnosis of resected DCIS or LCIS and there is no known deleterious mutation in BRCA1, BRCA2, PTEN, or TP53.
  • At least one breast available for imaging and biopsy (a previously irradiated breast [i.e., for resected DCIS] is not evaluable for breast imaging or biopsy)
  • Baseline mammogram (performed within 10 days after starting their last menstrual period on a digital mammography machine) that shows either normal or benign findings

    • Baseline mammographic density > 10% based upon the classification system (2 = 11-50%, "scattered fibroglandular densities"; 3 = 51-75%, "heterogeneously dense"; 4 = >75, "extremely dense". Women with a baseline mammographic density of ≤ 10% (1 = ≤ 10% breasts are almost entirely fat)will not be eligible.


  • Premenopausal, defined as ≥ 1 of the following criteria:

    • Less than 6 months since the last menstrual period, no prior bilateral oophorectomy, and no use of hormone-replacement therapy
    • Has undergone a prior hysterectomy but no prior bilateral oophorectomy AND follicle-stimulating hormone values measured within the past 28 days are consistent with the normal values for the premenopausal state
  • Zubrod performance status 0-1
  • Serum creatinine ≤ upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Serum calcium or corrected calcium ≤ ULN
  • Spot urine calcium:creatinine ratio < 0.37 mg/dL
  • INR ≤ 1.5 times ULN+
  • PT and PTT ≤ ULN*
  • Baseline serum 25(OH)D level ≤ 32 ng/mL (or 80 nmol/L)
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No other prior malignancy except for the following:

    • Adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer
    • In situ cervical cancer
    • Adequately treated stage I or II (including resected Stage I, T1b-c N0-N1mi through Stage II breast cancer) from which the participant is currently in complete remission
    • Any other cancer (including contralateral breast) for which the participant has been disease-free for ≥ 5 years
  • No history of kidney stones
  • No medical conditions requiring calcium or vitamin D supplementation (i.e., osteoporosis)
  • No known hypersensitivity to vitamin D
  • No known allergy to soy NOTE: +For patients undergoing breast biopsy.


  • Prior breast reduction surgery allowed

    • No bilateral breast implants
  • More than 1 month since prior surgery or radiotherapy to the breast for resected DCIS
  • At least 28 days since prior tamoxifen
  • Prior anticoagulant therapy allowed provided it is discontinued ≥ 7 days before breast biopsy
  • No concurrent calcium or additional vitamin D supplements

    • Concurrent multivitamins allowed provided that the dose of vitamin D in the multivitamin does not exceed 400 IU daily
  • No concurrent participation in any other clinical trial for the treatment or prevention of cancer unless the participant is no longer receiving the intervention and is in the follow-up phase only (participants must not join such a trial while participating in this study)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01097278

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Southwest Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Katherine D. Crew, MD, MS Columbia University
  More Information

Responsible Party: Southwest Oncology Group Identifier: NCT01097278     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: S0812
S0812 ( Other Identifier: SWOG )
U10CA037429 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
NCI-2011-02032 ( Other Identifier: NCI )
Study First Received: March 31, 2010
Last Updated: February 23, 2017

Keywords provided by Southwest Oncology Group:
breast cancer
ductal breast carcinoma in situ
lobular breast carcinoma in situ
BRCA1 mutation carrier
BRCA2 mutation carrier

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Vitamin D
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Bone Density Conservation Agents processed this record on May 24, 2017