Observational Safety Study for KALBITOR (Ecallantide) in the Treatment of Acute Attacks of Hereditary Angioedema
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01059526|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 1, 2010
Results First Posted : October 6, 2014
Last Update Posted : February 20, 2018
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Hereditary Angioedema (HAE)||Drug: ecallantide|
The objective of this study is to evaluate immunogenicity and hypersensitivity upon exposure to KALBITOR, in particular:
- Determine the rate of anaphylaxis and Type I hypersensitivity reactions upon exposure to KALBITOR.
- Determine the rate of seroconversion to anti-ecallantide antibodies upon exposure to KALBITOR.
- Determine the rate of adverse events related to disordered coagulation (hypercoagulability and hypocoagulability) upon exposure to KALBITOR.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||81 participants|
|Official Title:||A Phase 4, Long-Term Observational Safety Study to Evaluate Immunogenicity and Hypersensitivity With Exposure to KALBITOR (Ecallantide) for the Treatment of Acute Attacks of HAE|
|Study Start Date :||February 1, 2010|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||September 1, 2013|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||June 1, 2014|
Patients naive to KALBITOR
HAE patients that have not been treated with KALBITOR (ecallantide) prior to enrollment in the study
30 mg SC
Other Name: Kalbitor
Patients non- naive to KALBITOR
HAE patients that have been treated with KALBITOR prior to enrollment in the study
30 mg SC
Other Name: Kalbitor
- Occurrence of Anaphylaxis or Other Adverse Events Suggestive of Hypersensitivity [ Time Frame: 12 months after first treatment ]Based on medical review of multiple preferred terms for treatment emergent adverse events (TEAEs) suggestive of Type 1 hypersensitivity; terms included adverse drug reaction, anaphylaxis, anaphylactic reaction, anaphylactoid reaction, hypersensitivity, erythema, flushing, hot flush, pharyngeal edema, laryngeal edema, pruritus, pruritus generalized, rash, rash erythematous, rhinitis allergic, rhinorrhea, throat irritation, urticaria, urticaria localized, dyspnea, and wheezing. Records of patients with any of these TEAE referred terms were reviewed further to assess potential hypersensitivity reactions, considering factors such as timing of TEAEs in relationship to dose (ie, occurred within 24 hours after start of KALBITOR treatment), accompanying symptoms, Investigator causality assessment (ie, reported as possibly, probably, or definitely related to study drug), and any other available clinical information. Anaphylaxis subset determined based on criteria established by the NIAID.
- Occurrence of Seroconversion to Anti-ecallantide Antibodies Upon Exposure to KALBITOR. [ Time Frame: 12 months after first treatment ]
Seroconversion is the development of detectable specific antibodies in the blood serum. Serum was tested for development of antibodies (irrespective of immunoglobulin class) against ecallantide at screening and at all safety evaluations. Positive results were to undergo a confirmatory test. Confirmed positive samples were further titered. Patients who developed an antibody response were evaluated for the development of neutralizing antibodies.
Patients also had their serum analyzed for IgE-specific antibodies to ecallantide at screening and during safety evaluations. Positive results underwent a confirmatory test. Confirmed positive samples were further titered.
- Occurrence of Adverse Events Related to Disordered Coagulation (Hypercoagulability and Hypocoagulability) Upon Exposure to KALBITOR [ Time Frame: 12 months after first treatment ]Events of ecchymosis, hemorrhage, petechiae, spontaneous hemorrhage, hematoma, gastrointestinal bleeding, hemorrhagic stroke and any other term indicative of a bleeding event or increased tendency for bleeding were reviewed to determine the occurrence of hypocoagulability. Events of clotting, thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, vaso-occlusive stroke, myocardial infarction, and any other term indicative of a clotting event or increased risk of clotting were reviewed to determine the occurrence of hypercoagulability.
- Overall Patient Response Assessment [ Time Frame: within 4 hours post dose ]The Overall Response Assessment was to be completed every 30 minutes after treatment until patient discharge. Patients evaluated their response to treatment as "a lot better or resolved," "a little better," "the same," "a little worse," or "a lot worse." The data presented is based on the best response achieved following a single dose of KALBITOR (Dose A) for the first HAE treatment episode. Responses of "a lot better or resolved" and "a little better" were combined to form a category of "Better." Similarly, "a little worse" and "a lot worse" were combined to form a category of "Worse." Patients treated in a clinic (study site) could have been discharged after an hour and hence may have only had 2 post-treatment evaluations (30 and 60 minutes); response assessments may not have been consistently provided when patients were treated at an alternate site outside of the study site.
Biospecimen Retention: Samples Without DNA
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01059526
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|Study Director:||Yung Chyung, MD||Dyax Corp.|