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Davunetide (AL-108) in Predicted Tauopathies - Pilot Study

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01056965
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 26, 2010
Last Update Posted : April 5, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Adam Boxer, University of California, San Francisco

Brief Summary:
The primary objective of the study is to obtain preliminary safety and tolerability data with davunetide (NAP, AL-108) in patients with a tauopathy (frontotemporal lobar degeneration [FTLD] with predicted tau pathology, corticobasal degeneration syndrome [CBS] or progressive supranuclear palsy [PSP]). The secondary objectives of this study are to obtain preliminary data on short term changes (at 12 weeks) in a variety of clinical, functional and biomarker measurements from baseline, including cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tau levels, eye movements, and brain MRI measurements.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Predicted Tauopathies, Including Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Frontotemporal Dementia With Parkinsonism Linked to Chromosome 17 Corticobasal Degeneration Syndrome Progressive Nonfluent Aphasia Drug: davunetide (AL-108, NAP) Drug: Placebo nasal spray Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 12 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A 12 Week Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo-Controlled Pilot Study of Davunetide (NAP, AL-108) in Predicted Tauopathies
Study Start Date : January 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2012

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: davunetide (Al-108, NAP) nasal spray
Subjects will be randomized 2:1 (drug:placebo). Subjects will receive twice daily treatment with either davunetide 15 mg or placebo. Davunetide and placebo will be administered intranasally with a multi-dispensing, metered nasal spray pump device.
Drug: davunetide (AL-108, NAP)
Subjects will be randomized 2:1 (drug:placebo). Subjects will receive twice daily treatment with davunetide 15 mg administered intranasally.
Other Names:
  • AL-108
  • NAP

Placebo Comparator: Placebo nasal spray Drug: Placebo nasal spray
Subjects will be randomized 2:1 (drug:placebo). Subjects will receive twice daily treatment with placebo administered intranasally.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety evaluations will be performed by recording clinical adverse events at each study visit. Clinical laboratory, ECGs, physical examinations will be conducted. [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. PSP Rating Scale [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  2. Clinician's Global Impression (CGI-ds) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  3. Schwab and England Activities of Daily Living scale (SEADL) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  4. MRI brain ventricular volume [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  5. Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  6. Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  7. Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  8. Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  9. CSF biomarkers will assess total tau, phosphorylated tau, and amyloid beta peptide (1-42) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  10. Saccadic Eye movements - vertical and horizontal total saccade time [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  11. Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) [ Time Frame: 12 weeeks ]
  12. Functional Activities Questionnaire (FAQ) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. A probable tauopathy defined as:

    • Probable or possible progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) defined as:

      1. at least a 12-month history of:

        • postural instability or falls during the first 3 years that symptoms are present and
        • prominent decreased saccade velocity or supranuclear ophthalmoplegia;
      2. age at symptom onset ≥ 40 years by history; and
      3. an akinetic-rigid syndrome with prominent axial rigidity.


    • Progressive nonfluent aphasia (PNFA)defined as:

      1. at least a 6-month history of difficulty with expressive speech characterized by at least 3 of the following:

        • apraxia of speech,
        • speech hesitancy,
        • labored speech,
        • word finding difficulty, or
        • agrammatism; and
      2. the symptoms above are the subject's principal neurological deficit and the symptoms constituted the initial clinical presentation.


    • Corticobasal Degeneration syndrome (CBS) defined as:

      1. at least a 6-month history of progressive cortical dysfunction evidenced by at least one of the following:

        • ideomotor apraxia,
        • alien limb phenomenon,
        • cortical sensory loss,
        • focal or asymmetric myoclonus, or
        • apraxia of speech /nonfluent aphasia; and
      2. at least a 6-month history of progressive extrapyramidal dysfunction evidenced by at least one of the following:

        • focal or asymmetrical rigidity (limb or axial) or asymmetrical dystonia (limb or axial); and
        • lacking prominent and sustained L-dopa response.


    • Frontotemporal Dementia with Parkinsonism linked to Chromosome 17 (FTDP-17): Motor, cognitive or behavioral dysfunction, as defined below associated with a previously demonstrated mutation of the MAPT gene, and meets criteria for PNFA, CBS or PSP as defined above, or CDR-FTLD ≥ 1.0.
  2. Documented age 40-85 years at the time of the onset of symptoms associated with the neurological deficits described in inclusion criterion 1.
  3. Judged by investigator to be able to comply with neuropsychological evaluation at baseline.
  4. Must have reliable caregiver accompany subject to all study visits. Caregiver must read, understand and speak local language fluently in order to ensure comprehension of informed consent form and informant-based assessments of subject. Caregiver must also have frequent contact with subject (at least 3 times per week for one hour) and be willing to monitor study medication compliance and the subject's health and concomitant medications throughout the study.
  5. FTLD Modified Hachinski score ≤ 3.(Knopman et al., 2008) This modified Hachinski will not include the focal neurological signs, symptoms or pseudobulbar affect questions, given the prominence of all three in CBS/PSP.
  6. MMSE ≥ 15 at Visit 1.
  7. Written informed consent provided by both subject and caregiver who are both fluent English speakers.
  8. Subject resides outside a skilled nursing facility or dementia care facility. Residence in an assisted living facility is allowed.
  9. If the subject is receiving levodopa/carbidopa, a dopamine agonist, COMT inhibitor or other Parkinson's medication the dose must have been stable for at least 120 days prior to Visit 1 and must remain stable for the duration of the study.
  10. Able to tolerate MRI scan during screening without use of sedation.
  11. Able to ambulate with or without assistance.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Insufficient fluency in local language to complete neuropsychological and functional assessments.
  2. A diagnosis of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis or other motor neuron disease.
  3. Any of the following:

    • Abrupt onset of symptoms defined in inclusion criteria 1 associated with ictal events,
    • Head trauma related to onset of symptoms defined in inclusion criteria 1,
    • Severe amnesia within 6 months of the symptoms defined in inclusion criteria 1,
    • Cerebellar ataxia,
    • Choreoathetosis,
    • Early, symptomatic autonomic dysfunction, or
    • Tremor at rest.
  4. History of other significant neurological or psychiatric disorders including, but not limited to, Alzheimer's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, Prion disease, stroke, Parkinson's disease, any psychotic disorder, severe bipolar or unipolar depression, seizure disorder, tumor or other space-occupying lesion, or head injury with loss of consciousness within past 20 years temporally related to onset of symptoms.
  5. Within 4 weeks of screening or during the course of the study, concurrent treatment with memantine (stable dose memantine, greater than 6 months is allowed), acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, antipsychotic agents or mood stabilizers (valproate, lithium, etc.) or benzodiazepines (other than temazepam or zolpidem).
  6. Treatment with lithium, methylene blue, tramiprosate, ketone bodies, Dimebon or any putative disease-modifying agent directed at tau within 90 days of screening.
  7. A history of alcohol or substance abuse within 1 year prior to screening and deemed to be clinically significant by the site investigator.
  8. Any malignancy (other than non-metastatic basal cell carcinoma of the skin) within 5 years of Visit 1 or current clinically significant hematological, endocrine, cardiovascular, renal, hepatic, gastrointestinal, or neurological disease. For the non-cancer conditions, if the condition has been stable for at least the past year and is judged by the site investigator not to interfere with the patient's participation in the study, the patient may be included.
  9. Clinically significant lab abnormalities at screening, including creatinine ≥ 2.5 mg/dL, vitamin B12 below laboratory normal reference range, or TSH above laboratory normal reference range.
  10. Systolic blood pressure greater than 180 or less than 90 mm Hg. Diastolic blood pressure greater than 105 or less than 50 mm Hg.
  11. ECG abnormal at screening and judged to be clinically significant by the site investigator.
  12. Treatment with any investigational drugs or device or participation in an investigational drug study within 60 days of screening.
  13. Known history of serum or plasma progranulin level < 110.9 ng/mL.
  14. Known presence of known disease-associated mutation in TDP-43, PGRN, CHMPB2 or VCP genes or any other FTLD causative genes not associated with underlying tau pathology (eg. Chr. 9 associated FTD).
  15. History of deep brain stimulator surgery other than sham surgery for DBS clinical trial.
  16. History of early, prominent REM behavior disorder.
  17. Women of childbearing potential who are not using at least two forms of medically recognized contraception.
  18. An employee or relative of an employee of Allon Therapeutics
  19. Significant anatomical nasal abnormality (e.g., septal deviation obstructing airflow to at least one nostril or septal perforation) or history of nasal turbinate surgery.
  20. History of a clinically significant medical condition that that would interfere with the subject's ability to comply with study instructions, would place the subject at increased risk, or might confound the interpretation of the study results.
  21. Contraindication to MRI examination for any reason (eg., severe claustrophobia, ferromagnetic metal in body, etc.).
  22. Structural abnormality on MRI within 2 years of baseline that precludes diagnosis of PSP, CBS or PNFA, such as cortical infarct in brain region that might account for subject's symptoms.
  23. In subjects receiving anti-Parkinson's Disease medication at the time of screening, in the opinion of the investigator substantial worsening of motor signs or symptoms compared to normal functioning following overnight withdrawal of the anti-Parkinson medication.
  24. Subject not willing to attempt LP.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01056965

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United States, California
University of California, San Francisco (UCSF)
San Francisco, California, United States, 94143-1207
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Francisco
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Principal Investigator: Adam L. Boxer, M.D., Ph.D. UCSF Memory and Aging Center
Fahn S, Elton RL, Committee. Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale. In: Fahn S, Marsden CD, Calne D and Goldstein M, editors. Recent Developments in Parkinson's Disease. Vol 2. Florham Park, NJ: Macmillan Health-care Information, 1987: 153-163.
Schwab R, England A. Projecton technique for evaluating surgery in Parkinson's disease. In: Gillingham F and Donaldson M, editors. Third Symposium on Parkinson's Disease Research. Edinburgh, Scotland: ES Livingston, 1969.

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Responsible Party: Adam Boxer, Associate Professor, University of California, San Francisco Identifier: NCT01056965    
Other Study ID Numbers: AL-108 NAP Pilot
First Posted: January 26, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 5, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019
Keywords provided by Adam Boxer, University of California, San Francisco:
Frontotemporal Dementia
Corticobasal Degeneration
Progressive Nonfluent Aphasia
Progressive Supranuclear Palsy
Predicted tauopathies, including:
Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP)
Progressive Nonfluent Aphasia (PNFA)
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Supranuclear Palsy, Progressive
Frontotemporal Dementia
Aphasia, Primary Progressive
Pick Disease of the Brain
Parkinsonian Disorders
Aphasia, Broca
Primary Progressive Nonfluent Aphasia
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders
Speech Disorders
Language Disorders
Communication Disorders
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Movement Disorders
Ocular Motility Disorders
Cranial Nerve Diseases
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Eye Diseases
Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration
TDP-43 Proteinopathies