ASA404 in Combination With Carboplatin/Paclitaxel/Cetuximab in Treating Patients With Refractory Solid Tumors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01031212
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (The investigator has left the institution (UCSF) prior to study start-up)
First Posted : December 14, 2009
Last Update Posted : May 13, 2013
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Information provided by:
University of California, San Francisco

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of an investigational drug called DMXAA (5-6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid) or ASA404 when given together with carboplatin, paclitaxel and cetuximab to treat patients with refractory solid tumors.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Tumors Drug: ASA404 Drug: Cetuximab Drug: Carboplatin Drug: Paclitaxel Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Phase I 3+3 dose escalation design in patients with solid tumors who have been previously treated with chemotherapy or for whom no standard treatment options exist. Carboplatin, paclitaxel and cetuximab will be administered in standard doses. The dose of ASA404 will be escalated under predefined levels. One treatment cycle constitutes 3 weeks. A minimum of 3 patients will be entered at each treatment level, to be expanded to 6 subjects if dose limiting toxicities (DLT) are observed. If no more than one in six patients has DLT, additional patients will be enrolled at a higher dose. Once a maximum tolerated dose (MTD) has been established, the tolerability of this dose will be tested in a total of 12 patients. The anticipated sample size is 18-24 patients.

Carboplatin and paclitaxel are chosen as the chemotherapy back bone since they are commonly used in combination in multiple tumors. Cetuximab has been chosen as the EGFR inhibitor because the combination of platinum based therapy with cetuximab is effective in lung and head and neck cancers. In addition the safety and activity of carboplatin/paclitaxel with ASA 404 has already been demonstrated. A weekly schedule of ASA is chosen because 1) the safety of the weekly schedule has been tested 2) preclinical studies confirm enhanced activity with frequent administration 3) provides an opportunity to evaluate the safety and pharmacokinetics of ASA 404 with weekly cetuximab.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of ASA 404 in Combination With Carboplatin/Paclitaxel/Cetuximab in Patients With Refractory Solid Tumors
Study Start Date : January 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Intervention Details:
  • Drug: ASA404
    Administered intravenously over 20 minutes weekly after chemotherapy
    Other Names:
    • 5-6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid
    • DMXAA
    • AS1404
  • Drug: Cetuximab
    Administered at 400mg/m2 over 120 minutes on day -7 and then 250mg/m2 over 60 minutes weekly thereafter
    Other Name: Erbitux
  • Drug: Carboplatin
    Administered at fixed dose of AUC 6 intravenously on day 1 of each 3-week cycle
    Other Name: Paraplatin
  • Drug: Paclitaxel
    Administered over 3 hours at a fixed dose of 175mg/m2 intravenously on day 1 of each 3-week cycle
    Other Name: Taxol

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) [ Time Frame: During cycle 1 (4 weeks) ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The number and percentage of subjects experiencing one or more AEs will be summarized by dose cohort, relationship to study drug, and severity [ Time Frame: Within 30 days after study treatment, or until resolution of AE ]
  2. Pharmacokinetics of ASA404 in combination with other agents [ Time Frame: 48 hours after cycle 1, day 1 ]
  3. Disease response by RECIST criteria [ Time Frame: until progression ]
  4. Assess biological correlates of antitumor activity by measuring serum 5HIAA, VEGF, bFGF, PLGF, sVEGFR2, FGF 23, serum apoptotic markers (M30/M65) [ Time Frame: 4 weeks after treatment end ]
  5. DNA analysis of FGFR1 and VEGF polymorphism [ Time Frame: 4 weeks after treatment ends ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histological confirmed malignancy of advanced, incurable solid tumor
  • Progression following standard therapy, or no acceptable standard treatment options, or eligible if standard therapy consists of a platinum-based doublet
  • Measurable or evaluable disease. Measurable disease required for enrollment in dose expansion cohort at MTD
  • ECOG 0-2
  • Baseline neuropathy grade ≤ 1
  • leukocytes >3,000/mcL
  • absolute neutrophil count >1,500/mcL
  • platelets >100,000/mcL
  • total bilirubin within normal institutional limits
  • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) <1.5 X institutional ULN
  • creatinine within 1.5 x normal institutional limits OR creatinine clearance >60 mL/min/1.73 m2
  • Ability to give written informed consent and willingness to comply with requirements of the protocol
  • Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test within 14 days of beginning study drug and agree to use an effective method of birth control during treatment and for six months after last dose of study drug
  • Male patients whose sexual partners are women of reproductive potential must be surgically sterile or agree to use a double method of contraception during the study and for six months after last dose of study drug. One of method must be a condom
  • Patients with known brain metastases should have "stable disease" defined as no growth over a 6 week period after definitive therapy (surgical or RT), and off steroids and anticonvulsive therapy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Chemotherapy, hormonal therapy or biologic therapy within 3 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to the start of study therapy or not recovered to < grade 2 from adverse events due to prior agents
  • Prior therapy with EGFR inhibitors is permitted
  • Patients receiving palliative radiation therapy <2 weeks earlier. Patients must have recovered from all toxicities of radiation
  • Receiving any other investigational agents
  • Any severe and/or uncontrolled intercurrent medical conditions or other conditions that could affect participation in the study
  • Any of the following cardiac abnormalities: unstable angina pectoris, including Prinzmetal variant angina, New York Heart Association (NYHA) Classification for Congestive Heart Failure Grade III or greater, myocardial infarction or stroke ≤ 12 months prior to study treatment, long QT syndrome, baseline 12 lead ECG QTc of >450msec per central evaluation, history of sustained ventricular tachycardia, history of ventricular fibrillation or Torsades de Pointes, right bundle branch block and left anterior hemiblock (bifascicular block), bradycardia (<50 beats per minute)
  • Concomitant use of drugs with a risk of causing Torsades de Pointes
  • PT/PTT > 1.5 x ULN
  • Receiving full-dose anticoagulation (low-dose warfarin for a central line allowed)
  • History of another primary malignancy less than 5 years prior, except non-melanoma skin cancer or cervical cancer in-situ
  • Major surgery ≤ 4 weeks prior (requiring general anesthesia or respiratory assistance)(endoscopic exams with diagnostic intent allowed)
  • Minor surgery ≤ 2 weeks prior (not requiring general anesthesia or respiratory assistance)
  • Insertion of vascular access device allowed
  • Not recovered from surgery-related complications
  • Systolic BP >160mmHg and/or diastolic BP >90mmHg while on medication for hypertension
  • Hemoptysis associated with chest malignancy <4 weeks (>1 teaspoon)
  • History of hypersensitivity reactions to TAXOL or other drugs formulated in Cremophor® EL (polyoxyethylated castor oil)
  • History of severe allergic reactions to cisplatin or other platinum-containing compounds
  • History of acute hemorrhagic events requiring hospital admission or blood transfusion
  • Pregnant or lactating women
  • Fertile women and men not willing to comply with birth control instructions
  • Any condition that compromises compliance with objectives and procedures of this protocol, as judged by the principal investigator

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01031212

United States, California
UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
San Francisco, California, United States, 94115
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Francisco
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Principal Investigator: Sarita Dubey, MD University of California, San Francisco

Responsible Party: Sarita Dubey, MD, University of California, San Franciso Identifier: NCT01031212     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: UCSF-09997
H53469-35218 ( Other Identifier: UCSF Committee on Human Research )
First Posted: December 14, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 13, 2013
Last Verified: May 2013

Keywords provided by University of California, San Francisco:
adult solid tumor
antineoplastic agents

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action