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Erlotinib and AT-101 in Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Patients With Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) Activating Mutations

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00988169
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : October 2, 2009
Results First Posted : November 20, 2015
Last Update Posted : November 20, 2015
Ascenta Therapeutics
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

Advanced stage lung cancer is generally treated with anti-cancer medication called chemotherapy. Most lung cancer is caused by cigarette smoking. However, some lung cancers develop in people who never smoked or who only smoked for a short period of time. This type of lung cancer may respond to a medication called erlotinib (Tarceva). Erlotinib is an anticancer pill that is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in patients with advanced lung cancer. Unfortunately, erlotinib does not work for all patients or only works for a period of time. The doctors are trying to find ways to improve the effect of erlotinib by combining it with another anti-cancer medication.

Ascenta Therapeutics, Inc. has developed a drug called AT-101 as a potential treatment for cancer. AT-101 is an investigational drug. That means that AT-101 is not approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for general use. The FDA does permit its use in studies like this one to determine whether it is safe and effective.

This is the first study to examine the effects of AT-101 and erlotinib. It is hoped that by combining AT-101 with erlotinib, AT-101 may help erlotinib work better to shrink lung cancer. Studies that have been performed in the laboratory suggest that AT-101 in combination with erlotinib may be more effective at shrinking tumors than erlotinib alone.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lung Cancer Drug: oral erlotinib and pulsed doses of oral AT-101 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 6 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of Erlotinib and AT-101 in Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Patients With EGFR Activating Mutations
Study Start Date : September 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: oral erlotinib and pulsed doses of oral AT-101
This will be an open-label, single institution, phase II trial. The study will assess the efficacy of the combination of the epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, erlotinib, and the novel pan-Bcl-2 inhibitor, AT-101, in treatment-naïve advanced (Wet Stage IIIB and IV)NSCLC patients with EGFR activating mutations A planned pause of 21 days will be performed after enrollment of the 10th and 20th patient to assess for excessive toxicity.
Drug: oral erlotinib and pulsed doses of oral AT-101
Patients will receive oral erlotinib 100 mg daily and pulsed doses of oral AT-101 given 40 mg twice daily on days 1-3 of a 21-day cycle. If the initial combination of erlotinib and AT-101 is tolerated, dose escalation of erlotinib to 150 mg daily will be allowed at the discretion of the treating investigator at the start of cycle 2. Patients will continue receiving treatment on study until they refuse further therapy, develop evidence of progressive disease, or develop unacceptable toxicity or a medical condition that would, in the judgment of the investigator,

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Radiographic Objective Response Rate [ Time Frame: 21 days after cycle one ]
    (CR+PR, by WHO Criteria for Standard Bidimensional Tumor Measurement) After One 21-day Cycle of Combination Therapy With Erlotinib and AT-101

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent form; the consent form must be signed by the patient prior to any study-specific procedures.
  • Patients age ≥ 18 years with histologically confirmed wet Stage IIIB (with malignant pleural effusion) or Stage IV non-small cell lung cancer (metastatic or recurrent).
  • Pathologic confirmation of non-small cell lung cancer at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center.
  • Presence of exon 19 or exon 21 EGFR activating mutation.
  • No prior EGFR tyrosine kinase therapy.
  • No prior systemic therapy for advanced NSCLC (Stage IIIB with malignant effusion or Stage IV)
  • Karnofsky performance status > or = to 70% OR ECOG performance status ≤ 2.
  • Measurable disease defined as greater than or equal to one known/suspected malignant lesion > or = to 1 cm measurable in two dimensions.
  • Adequate hematologic, renal, and/or hepatic function: WBC > or = to 3,000/ul, hemoglobin > or = to 9.0 g/dl, platelet count > or = to 100,000/ul, total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 X UNL, AST ≤ 2.5 X UNL, and serum creatinine within 1.5 x the upper limit of normal (<1.95 at MSKCC) or calculated creatinine clearance > or = to 60 ml/min.
  • Able to swallow and retain oral medication.
  • Willingness and ability to comply with study procedures and follow-up examination.
  • Four weeks since any major surgery, completion of radiation, or completion of all prior chemotherapy.
  • Acute toxicities of any prior therapy must have resolved to < Grade 1 or baseline prior to starting study therapy.
  • Effective contraception.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior treatment with gefitinib, erlotinib, or other EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy.
  • Concurrent cytotoxic or biological therapy.
  • Known KRAS mutation.
  • History within the past 6 months of myocardial infarction, cardiac stent placement, or intermittent ischemia with troponin leak.
  • Active secondary malignancy or history of other malignancy within the last 3 years except non-melanoma skin cancer and in-situ carcinoma of the cervix.
  • Active, serious comorbid medical conditions including severe infection, malnutrition, unstable angina, congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association Class III or IV), pulmonary fibrosis, or condition that would be felt by treating physician to preclude safe participation in the clinical trial.
  • Patients with malabsorption syndrome or diseases significantly affecting the gastrointestinal tract including prior gastric resection or small bowel resection, inflammatory bowel disease, or partial or complete small bowel obstruction.
  • Unstable brain or leptomeningeal metastases including patients who continue to require glucocorticoids for brain or leptomeningeal metastases.
  • Women who are pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • Inability/unwillingness to comply with protocol treatment or follow-up.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00988169

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United States, New York
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Ascenta Therapeutics
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Principal Investigator: Naiyer Rizvi, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00988169     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 09-026
First Posted: October 2, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 20, 2015
Last Update Posted: November 20, 2015
Last Verified: October 2015
Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
Unresectable Stage IIIB
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Erlotinib Hydrochloride
Gossypol acetic acid
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Contraceptive Agents, Female
Contraceptive Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Spermatocidal Agents
Antispermatogenic Agents
Contraceptive Agents, Male