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Facial Type Determination Through Cephalometry, Anthropometry and Facial Analysis

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
Pontificia Universidade Catolica de Sao Paulo Identifier:
First received: August 31, 2009
Last updated: September 1, 2009
Last verified: September 2009


Human face with its bony and muscular structures has singular and peculiar characteristics. It may be classified in three types, associated with the variation of shape and craniofacial configuration, both in vertical and horizontal planes, directly affecting dental occlusion, face harmony, orofacial musculature and oral functions. Aim: to correlate cephalometric with anthropometric and facial analysis findings on determining the facial type.


105 leukoderm adults were involved, 34 male and 71 female aging between 20 and 40 years old. Data were collected in December 2006 in an orthodontic clinic located at Belo Horizonte- MG, Brazil. Cephalometric findings to determinate facial types were compared to seven anthropometric facial measurements, three anthropometric facial proportions and three anthropometric facial indices, in addition to facial type identification through clinical facial analysis of photographs.


Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Facial Type Determination Through Ricketts Cephalometric Analysis, Anthropometric Measurements, Indices and Proportions and Facial Analysis Performed by Means of Photographs

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Pontificia Universidade Catolica de Sao Paulo:

Enrollment: 105
Study Start Date: February 2006
Primary Completion Date: November 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 40 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
primary care orthodontic clinic

Inclusion Criteria:

  • to have Ricketts cephalometric analysis

Exclusion Criteria:

  • to have been submitted on orthognathic surgery
  • black or asian people
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00969774

Sponsors and Collaborators
Pontificia Universidade Catolica de Sao Paulo
Principal Investigator: Rossana R Ramires, MSc Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo
  More Information

Responsible Party: Rossana Ribeiro Ramires, Pontificia Universidade Catolica de Sao Paulo Identifier: NCT00969774     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PUC/SP 0021/2006
Study First Received: August 31, 2009
Last Updated: September 1, 2009

Keywords provided by Pontificia Universidade Catolica de Sao Paulo:
Comparative Study processed this record on May 23, 2017