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Intraventricular Hemorrhage and Post Hemorrhagic Ventricular Dilation: Natural Course, Treatment, and Outcome

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
University of Utah Identifier:
First received: August 11, 2009
Last updated: May 5, 2015
Last verified: May 2015
Intraventricular hemorrhage and its resultant post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus are significant risk factors for the development of neurodevelopmental delays in preterm infants. The purpose of this study is to determine 1) the incidence of progressive post-hemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD) in infants with severe intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), 2) the effect of ventricular dilatation on brain status (cerebral oxygenation, electrical activity, and biomarkers of cerebral damage and repair), and 3) if using ventricular measurements, derived from cranial ultrasound to guide removal of cerebral-spinal fluid through an Omaya reservoir, will help resolve ventricular dilatation and decrease the need for ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunt insertion. The hypothesis of this research project is that, by using ventricular measurements to guide the frequency of CSF removal, the rate of VP shunt insertion will be decreased in preterm infants with severe IVH and PHVD. The investigators further hypothesize that cerebral injury, as measured by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentration of biomarkers of neuronal and glial damage and inflammation, will decrease over time with resolution of PHVD.

Condition Intervention
Intraventricular Hemorrhage
Premature Infants
Procedure: NIRS, aEEG, and CSF concentration of biomarkers

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Intraventricular Hemorrhage and Post Hemorrhagic Ventricular Dilation: Natural Course, Treatment, and Outcome

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Utah:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Measure cerebral oxygenation using NIRS and background cerebral electrical activity using aEEG starting at the time of identification of severe IVH to better assess impact of IVH, PHVD, and CSF removal on brain status. [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Use ventricular measurements to guide frequency of CSF removal. [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
  • Measure concentration of neuroproteins, such as S100B, GFAP, NSE, TGF-ß, and IL-6, in CSF over time and correlate these markers of cellular damage and inflammation with cerebral oxygenation, electrical activity, and need for VP shunt insertion. [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
  • Compare the sensitivity and reliability of the different measurement techniques used to determine ventricular dimensions [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
  • Determine the incidence of progressive PHVD in preterm infants with severe IVH. [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

Enrollment: 63
Study Start Date: July 2009
Study Completion Date: April 2015
Primary Completion Date: April 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Omaya reservoir group- observational
These infants have been identified with severe enough post hemorrhagic ventricular dilation (PHVD) that they require a reservoir placed for serial cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) removal. There is no randomization, and infants are compared to a baseline. Observational data will be collected to include NIRS and aEEg which will be done twice weekly, and CSF will be analyzed with each reservoir tap for protein biomarkers.
Procedure: NIRS, aEEG, and CSF concentration of biomarkers
NIRS and aEEg will be done twice weekly, and CSF will be analyzed with each reservoir tap

Detailed Description:
When an infant has severe IVH noted on cranial ultrasound, s(he) will receive weekly ultrasounds to evaluate progression of ventricular dilatation (standard of care). After the infant is enrolled in this study, Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) and Amplitude integrated Electroencephalogram (aEEG) will be performed 1-2 times per week. After Omaya reservoir insertion, ventricular dimensions, based on weekly (standard of care) cranial ultrasounds, will determine frequency of CSF removal. NIRS and aEEG will continue 1-2 times per week to coincide with CSF removal. In addition, 1-2 times per week aliquots of CSF will be stored for evaluation of biomarkers. We will evaluate the impact of IVH and PHVD over time on cerebral oxygenation (NIRS) and cortical electrical activity (aEGG) starting at the time of identification of IVH and correlate these measurements to ventricular dimensions. If an Omaya reservoir is required to control PHVD, we will use ventricular dimensions to guide the frequency of CSF removal and continue to evaluate brain status by measuring cerebral oxygenation (NIRS) and cortical electrical activity (aEGG).

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 1 Year   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • severe IVH
  • receiving weekly head ultrasounds for monitoring

Exclusion Criteria:

  • no or minimal IVH
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00957840

United States, Utah
University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84132
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Utah
Principal Investigator: Joanna Beachy, PhD, MD University of Utah
  More Information

Responsible Party: Joanna Beachy Ph.D., M.D, University of Utah Neonatology Identifier: NCT00957840     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 36114
Study First Received: August 11, 2009
Last Updated: May 5, 2015

Keywords provided by University of Utah:
Omaya reservoirs
cerebral oxygenation
VP shunt
post hemorrhagic ventricular dilation (PVHD)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Dilatation, Pathologic
Cerebral Hemorrhage
Pathologic Processes
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Intracranial Hemorrhages
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Hypertrophy processed this record on May 25, 2017