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Early Identification of Subclinical Atherosclerosis Using Non-Invasive Imaging Research (EISNER) (EISNER)

This study has been completed.
The Eisner Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Daniel S. Berman, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center Identifier:
First received: June 23, 2009
Last updated: September 28, 2011
Last verified: September 2011

Early Identification of Subclinical Atherosclerosis by Noninvasive Imaging Research (EISNER) is a multi-study research program being conducted at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center.

The principal objective of this randomized trial (referred to as "Study 1") is to assess whether coronary artery calcium (CAC) scanning provides clinical benefit thus improving patient outcomes in asymptomatic subjects with intermediate coronary artery disease (CAD) risk. Additionally, the study is designed to assess the value of combining the CAC scan with the Framingham risk score (FRS) and measurements of serum or plasma biomarkers to predict outcomes.

Condition Intervention
Coronary Artery Disease
Other: Coronary Artery Calcium (CAC) Scan

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Early Identification of Subclinical Atherosclerosis Using Non-Invasive Imaging Research (EISNER)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Daniel S. Berman, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Primary outcome measures include - Coronary artery calcium (CAC) score at Year 4 - CAD risk factors, Framingham Risk Score (FRS), and health behaviors at Year 4 - Adverse cardiac outcomes during follow-up [ Time Frame: 4 years ]

Enrollment: 2137
Study Start Date: February 2001
Study Completion Date: August 2010
Primary Completion Date: July 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Scan group
"Scan" group undergoes complete cardiac risk assessment and CAC scanning at baseline.
Other: Coronary Artery Calcium (CAC) Scan
A coronary artery calcium (CAC) scan is performed during the baseline clinic visit. The results including the actual images from the scan are viewed by the subject during the risk factor consultation with the nurse practitioner. Results are available for the subjects' physicians upon request.
No Intervention: No scan group
"No scan" group undergoes only complete cardiac risk assessment (without CAC scan) at baseline.

Detailed Description:

At baseline eligible subjects underwent a clinic visit where they were randomized 2:1 to a "scan group" which had complete cardiac risk assessment and CAC scanning or a "no scan group" which had only complete cardiac risk assessment. Both groups underwent a private counseling session with a trained nurse practitioner to review their results and receive customized health behavior suggestions based on current American Heart Association guidelines for primary prevention of heart disease.

Subjects were followed up for changes in clinical status, medication use and specific health behaviors at one year after baseline. Annually for four years, subjects were followed up for subsequent diagnostic testing, therapy, and outcomes related to their cardiac health.

At four years after baseline, all subjects (from both groups) returned for a repeat clinic visit to have a complete cardiac risk assessment and CAC scanning. Year 4 CAC scanning was performed in both the "scan group" and "no scan group".

Additional long-term followup is being conducted under a separate protocol.


Ages Eligible for Study:   45 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • No symptoms of CAD
  • Intermediate risk of CAD, defined as either:

    1. male with age of 55-80 years or female with age 65-80 years or
    2. male of 45-54 years and at least one CAD risk factor or female with age 55-64 years and at least one CAD risk factor

      • Risk factors include: smoking, high blood pressure, high total or LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, diabetes, family history of early CAD.)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of CVD including heart attack, cardiomyopathy, peripheral artery disease, angina, revascularization, and CVA (stroke)
  • Prior coronary calcium scan or coronary angiogram
  • Pregnancy
  • Required radiation badges for work (CSMC Radiation Safety ruling)
  • Clinically unstable health status or significant medical co-morbidity
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00927693

United States, California
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90048
Sponsors and Collaborators
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
The Eisner Foundation
Principal Investigator: Daniel S. Berman, M.D. Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Daniel S. Berman, Chief Cardiac Imaging and Nuclear Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center Identifier: NCT00927693     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 3351
Study First Received: June 23, 2009
Last Updated: September 28, 2011

Keywords provided by Daniel S. Berman, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center:
Coronary Artery Disease
Cardiac Risk Factors
Coronary Calcium Scan

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Coronary Disease
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Calcium, Dietary
Bone Density Conservation Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on May 25, 2017