Nocturnal PtcCO2 Monitoring in Patients With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease affecting motoneurons, with a prevalence around 5/100.000. Respiratory muscle involvement is a major feature in ALS and remains the main prognostic factor. Timing and rate of progression of this respiratory muscle involvement is also highly variable among individuals.
Respiratory manifestations justify a careful follow up including clinical evaluation, pulmonary function tests and blood gases. Prognostic value of respiratory muscle assessment has been clearly demonstrated in ALS, although several cut off values have been published. The clinical benefit of non invasive ventilation (NIV) is well established in ALS, but the optimal criteria for its initiation remain debated .
The 1999 consensus for NIV selected classical criteria to consider NIV in patients with respiratory symptoms suggesting hypoventilation: daytime hypercapnia (PaCO2 > 45 mmHg), nocturnal SaO2 < 89 % more than 5 consecutive minutes and for progressive neuromuscular disorders (NMD) (mainly ALS), a vital capacity (VC) < 50 % pred or a PImax < 60 cmH2O.
Besides daytime clinical and PFT assessment, nocturnal evaluation is essential in ALS. The prevalence of sleep apnea ranges from 16 % to 76 %.
Transcutaneous PCO2 (tcPCO2) is an attractive technique to evaluate non invasively nocturnal hypoventilation. The technique is well validated in different settings. Its use in neuromuscular disorders (NMD) is recent. In particular one study has demonstrated a high predictive value of tcPCO2 for the development of daytime hypoventilation within 1 year. To our knowledge, this technique has not been specifically assessed in ALS. There is a potential role for nocturnal PtcCO2 monitoring in the close follow up of ALS patients. Indeed, a close respiratory follow up of ALS patients is essential to determine the optimal timing of NIV, avoiding the occurence of unexpected acute respiratory failure.
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Potential Role for Nocturnal PtcCO2 Monitoring in the Close Follow up of ALS Patients.|
- Nocturnal Transcutaneous PCO2 [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- Pulmonary function [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
|Study Start Date:||April 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2017|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Nocturnal assessment will be performed during the initial polysomnography (and at 6 months) with a combined PtcCO2/pulse oxymetry TOSCA500 Radiometer monitoring evaluating different physiological parameters.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00879593
|Lille, France, 59037|
|Pôle des maladies respiratoires et service EFR- Centre hospitalier Regional Universitaire|
|Principal Investigator:||Thierry PEREZ, MD||CHRU LILLE|