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An Intervention to Address Parental Smoking During the Postpartum Hospitalization. (NEWS)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00844818
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 16, 2009
Last Update Posted : February 16, 2009
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Information provided by:
Massachusetts General Hospital

Brief Summary:
The purpose of the study is to find better ways to help parents quit smoking, thus improving their own health, the health of their children, and the health of other family members. This study tested the feasibility and acceptability of enrolling parents into a telephone quitline during postpartum hospitalization. Half of the parents in the study received quit smoking assistance (intervention group), and half of the parents did not (control group). The percentage of parental smokers who are enrolled in quit smoking programs by the study follow-up will be greater in the intervention group than in the control group.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Tobacco Use Parental Smoking Behavioral: Telephone Quitline Enrollment Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
This is a randomized control trial to test the feasibility and efficacy of modifying hospital staff practices on the postpartum floor and intervening with parents before hospital discharge to help them quit smoking. Over 14 months, we assessed the smoking status of both parents of all newborns delivered at 1 hospital. Moms and dads who were current smokers (1 cigarette, even a puff, in past 30 days) or recent quitters (smoked since one month prior to conception) were eligible for the study. Enrolled parents were randomly assigned to the control or intervention group. The intervention included a brief motivational interview (MI), enrollment in the proactive state quitline, and follow-up faxes to the pediatric, OB, and PCP providers with tailored treatment messages.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 101 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Using the Postpartum Hospital Stay to Address Mother's and Father's Smoking: the NEWS Study
Study Start Date : February 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2006
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2006

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Control
Moms and dads who were current smokers (1 cigarette, even a puff, in past 30 days) or recent quitters (smoked since one month prior to conception)
Experimental: Intervention Group
Moms and dads who were current smokers (1 cigarette, even a puff, in past 30 days) or recent quitters (smoked since one month prior to conception)
Behavioral: Telephone Quitline Enrollment
The intervention included a brief motivational interview (MI), enrollment in the proactive state quitline, and follow-up faxes to the pediatric, OB, and PCP providers with tailored treatment messages.





Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Parents of newborns delivered at MGH ("parent" includes the mother, father or another legal guardian) who are: a) current smokers (have smoked, even a puff, within the last 30 days and/or b) recent quitters (have smoked, even a puff, since 30 days prior to conception);
  • Telephone access;
  • English competency, adequate to participate in the interview;
  • Massachusetts resident for next 3 months (from date of consent).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Non-smokers or parents who have not smoked since before one month prior to conception (cessation great than 10 months);
  • Non-English speaking;
  • Non-Massachusetts residents;
  • Any family with critically ill mother or infant that the obstetrical nurse practitioner does not feel is appropriate to be approached;
  • Decline participation.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00844818


Locations
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United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Jonathan P Winickoff, MD, MPH Massachusetts General Hospital

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Responsible Party: Jonathan Winickoff, MD, MPH, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00844818    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2004P002104
First Posted: February 16, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 16, 2009
Last Verified: February 2009
Keywords provided by Massachusetts General Hospital:
smoking cessation
parents