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Protective Immunity Project 02 (PIP-02)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Christian P Larsen, MD, PhD, Emory University Identifier:
First received: January 30, 2009
Last updated: November 21, 2013
Last verified: November 2013

Influenza (Flu) vaccine is recommended for kidney transplant patients who are at least 6 months post-transplant. The influenza vaccine stimulates the immune system to builds protective antibodies against the flu virus.

Previous research has shown that adult kidney transplant patients are not able to form as much of these protective antibodies as compared to healthy volunteers. Research has also suggested that different immunosuppressive medicines may have different effects on antibody formation. In this study, we hope to evaluate these differences in more detail.

In recent years, increasingly effective, but also increasingly complex, immunosuppressive regimens have been developed, however, there has been little detailed systematic study of the immune changes that occur in response to vaccination with these newer immunosuppressive regimens.Current policies on vaccination of transplant recipients are generic and continue to be based on old concepts rather than on any new understanding of the effects of these newer therapies on the immune system.

We hope to improve our understanding of the effects of the immunosuppressive regimens in use today (calcineurin-inhibitor, or CNI, and sirolimus-based regimens) on immune response to flu vaccine. Such knowledge will be critical to helping clinicians develop strategies for getting desirable immune responses while not causing rejection.

Kidney Transplant

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: A Prospective Comparison of the Magnitude and Character of the Immune Response to Influenza Vaccine in Immunosuppressed Renal Transplant Patients and Healthy Age-matched Volunteers

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Christian P Larsen, MD, PhD, Emory University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine the effect of immunosuppressive regimens on the magnitude and character of the adaptive immune response to flu vaccine [ Time Frame: 7, 14, 28 and 90 days post vaccination ]
  • To determine the effects of chronic immunosuppressive therapies on innate immunity during response to flu vaccine [ Time Frame: 7, 14, 28 and 90 days post vaccination ]
  • To define the transcriptional and protein signatures of the response to flu vaccination in patients on conventional immunosuppressive regimens compared to healthy volunteers [ Time Frame: 7, 14, 28 and 90 days post vaccination ]

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples Without DNA
serum, PBMCs

Enrollment: 97
Study Start Date: November 2006
Study Completion Date: October 2011
Primary Completion Date: February 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Recipients of primary deceased or living donor renal transplant maintained on immunosuppressive regimen utilizing tacrolimus
Recipients of primary deceased or living donor renal transplant maintained on immunosuppressive regimen utilizing sirolimus
Healthy controls
Age, gender- and race-matched individuals, not on immunosuppressive medications


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 59 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Adult (ages 18-59) recipients of deceased or living donor renal transplants

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female patients between 18 and 59 years of age
  2. Greater than six months post deceased or living donor renal transplant
  3. Patients capable of understanding the purposes and risks of the study, who can give written informed consent and who are willing to participate in and comply with the study.
  4. Patients with no known contraindications to flu vaccine (e.g. egg allergy, prior serious adverse reaction to flu vaccine, current febrile illness, marked leukopenia (WBC < 2500 cells/ml)
  5. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days of study enrollment and must not be breast-feeding.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Patients with evidence of an active systemic infection

  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00833651

United States, Georgia
Emory University
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
Sponsors and Collaborators
Emory University
Principal Investigator: Christian P. Larsen, MD, DPhil Emory University
Principal Investigator: Kenneth E Kokko, MD, PhD Emory University
  More Information

Responsible Party: Christian P Larsen, MD, PhD, Chairman, Dept. of Surgery, Emory University Identifier: NCT00833651     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB00024793
PIP-02 ( Other Identifier: Other )
Study First Received: January 30, 2009
Last Updated: November 21, 2013

Keywords provided by Christian P Larsen, MD, PhD, Emory University:
Immunosuppression processed this record on May 25, 2017