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Up-Down Oxytocin Infusion

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00785395
First Posted: November 5, 2008
Last Update Posted: November 2, 2011
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ronald George, IWK Health Centre
  Purpose

This study is designed to determine the minimum effective dose (ED90) of infusions of oxytocin for the prevention of uterine atony / postpartum hemorrhage and the need for additional uterotonics, in low risk parturients presenting for an elective CD.

The primary outcome measure is the response of effective uterine contraction as either satisfactory or unsatisfactory as determined by the obstetrician blinded to the oxytocin infusion dose. Secondary outcomes will include need for additional uterotonics, calculated intra-operative blood loss and presence of oxytocin related adverse effects.


Condition Intervention Phase
Uterine Atony Drug: Oxytocin infusion Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Care Provider)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Up-down Determination of the ED90 of Oxytocin Infusions for the Prevention of Postpartum Uterine Atony in Parturients Undergoing Cesarean Delivery

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Ronald George, IWK Health Centre:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary outcome measure is the response of effective uterine contraction as either satisfactory or unsatisfactory as determined by the obstetrician blinded to the oxytocin infusion dose. [ Time Frame: 3 minutes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Secondary outcomes will include need for additional uterotonics, calculated intra-operative blood loss and presence of oxytocin related adverse effects. [ Time Frame: 2 days ]

Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: June 2008
Study Completion Date: August 2008
Primary Completion Date: August 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: A Drug: Oxytocin infusion
Up-down dosing determination

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Non-emergent cesarean delivery with planned spinal anesthesia (i.e. elective planned cesarean delivery for malposition, patient choice, cervical pelvic disproportion, previous cesarean delivery and other diagnosis that require a predetermined cesarean delivery)
  2. American Society of Anesthesia physical status class I & II (ASA I - Healthy, ASA II - mild and controlled systemic disease, eg. controlled essential hypertension)
  3. Age ≥ 18 years
  4. Term gestational age (≥ 37 weeks)
  5. English-speaking

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Morbid Obesity (Body Mass Index ≥ 45 kg/m2) (Morbidly obese parturients require a dose of local anesthetic less than the standardized dose in this study and the blood pressure cuff occasionally needs to be replaced by an intraarterial catheter due to limitations in size)
  2. Laboring women
  3. Urgent or emergency cesarean delivery
  4. Severe hypertensive disease of pregnancy defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) > 160mmHg, diastolic blood pressure (DBP) > 110mmHg and/or requiring antihypertensive treatment or associated with significant proteinuria
  5. Severe maternal cardiac disease
  6. Subjects predisposed to uterine atony and postpartum hemorrhage (i.e. placenta previa, multiple gestation, macrosomia, polyhydramnios, uterine abnormalities, or bleeding diathesis, > 2 previous CD)
  7. Fetal anomalies /Intrauterine Fetal Demise
  8. Failed spinal anesthesia
  9. Patient enrollment in another study involving a study medication within 30 days of CD
  10. Any other physical or psychiatric condition which may impair their ability to cooperate with study data collection
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00785395


Locations
Canada, Nova Scotia
IWK Health Centre
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, B3K 6R8
Sponsors and Collaborators
IWK Health Centre
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ronald B George, MD FRCPC IWK
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Ronald George, Primary Investigator, MD, FRCPC, Assistant Professor, IWK Health Centre
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00785395     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IWK-4329-2008
First Submitted: October 27, 2008
First Posted: November 5, 2008
Last Update Posted: November 2, 2011
Last Verified: November 2008

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Uterine Inertia
Dystocia
Obstetric Labor Complications
Pregnancy Complications
Oxytocin
Oxytocics
Reproductive Control Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs


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