Study of the MEL 80 Excimer Laser Using LASIK in the Treatment of Mixed Astigmatism
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The purpose of this study is to determine whether the MEL 80 Excimer Laser is effective in the treatment of mixed astigmatism up to 6.0 D, when used as part of the Laser In Situ Keratomileusis (LASIK) procedure.
Condition or disease
Device: MEL 80 Mixed Astigmatism Treatment
LASIK has become one of the most common refractive eye procedures performed in the country. In the mixed astigmatism procedure, a combination of both a steepening (hyperopic treatment) and a flattening (myopic treatment) occur on the corneal surface. The surgeon will produce a standard keratomileusis flap using a microkeratome, exposing the corneal stroma. Recontouring under the flap is then accomplished by the removal of tissue from the stroma with the laser. This recontouring results in an altering of effective lens power of the central cornea, measured in diopters (D). The MEL 80 Excimer Laser System will be evaluated for its ability to create accurate and stable mixed astigmatic refractive correction results.
A Prospective Multicenter Trial To Evaluate The Safety And Effectiveness Of The MEL 80 Excimer Laser Using LASIK (Laser In Situ Keratomileusis) For The Correction Of Naturally Occuring Mixed Astigmatism Up To 6.0 D
At the point of stability, a minimum of 75% of eyes should have an achieved refraction within ± 1.00 D of the intended outcome, and at least 50% of eyes should be within ± 0.50 D of the intended outcome. [ Time Frame: Point of stability ]
A minimum of 85% of eyes should have an uncorrected visual acuity of 20/40 or better at the postoperative interval at which stability has been established. [ Time Frame: Point of stability ]
A minimum of 95% of eyes should have a change of < 1.00 D in manifest refraction spherical equivalent (MRSE) between 2 refractions performed at least 3 months apart, and the mean rate of MRSE change per month should be < 0.04 D. [ Time Frame: Point of stability ]
Distance BSCVA of worse than 20/40 at the postoperative interval at which stability has been established should occur in less than 1.0 % of eyes that had a BSCVA of 20/20 or better before surgery. [ Time Frame: Point of stability ]
Loss of more than 2 lines of BSCVA should occur in less than 5.0 % of eyes. [ Time Frame: Postoperative visits ]
Incidence of adverse events to occur in less than 1% of eyes [ Time Frame: Postoperative visits ]
Secondary Outcome Measures :
Subject Satisfaction: As measured by a subjective questionnaire, and will be considered as a secondary efficacy variable. [ Time Frame: Postoperative visits 3, 6, 9 and 12 months ]
Incidence of complications [ Time Frame: Postoperative visits ]
Patient Symptoms: As measured by a subjective questionnaire, will be considered as a secondary safety variable. [ Time Frame: Preoperative and Postoperative visits 3, 6, 9 and 12 months ]
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Naturally occurring mixed astigmatism when the magnitude of cylinder (up to 6.0 D) is greater than the magnitude of sphere, and the cylinder and sphere have opposite signs, at the spectacle plane;
Have a stable refraction for at least the past twelve months, as demonstrated by a change of less than or equal to 0.50 D preoperative spherical equivalent shift over twelve months prior to surgery;
Discontinue use of contact lenses at least 2 weeks for hard contacts and 3 days for soft lenses prior to the preoperative examination;
Hard contact lens wearers must have two central keratometry readings and two manifest refractions taken at least one week apart that do not differ by more than 0.50 D
Have visual acuity correctable to at least 20/40 in both eyes
Have no more than 0.75 D of latent hyperopia as determined by the difference between the preoperative manifest refractive spherical equivalent (MRSE) and cycloplegic refractive spherical equivalent (CRSE);
Be at least 18 years of age
Corneal topography should be normal;
The operative eye must be targeted for emmetropia;
Be willing and able to return for scheduled follow-up examinations for twelve months after surgery;
and provide written informed consent.
History of anterior segment pathology, including cataracts (in the operative eye);
Clinically significant dry eye syndrome unresolved by treatment;
Residual, recurrent, active ocular or uncontrolled eyelid disease, corneal scars within the ablation zone or other corneal abnormality such as recurrent corneal erosion or severe basement membrane disease;
Ophthalmoscopic signs of keratoconus (or keratoconus suspect);
Required ablation is deeper than 250 microns from the corneal endothelium;
Irregular or unstable (distorted/not clear) corneal mires on central keratometry readings;
Blind in the fellow eye;
Previous intraocular or corneal surgery of any kind in the operative eye(s), including any type of surgery for either refractive or therapeutic purposes;
History of ocular Herpes zoster or Herpes simplex keratitis;
History of steroid-responsive rise in intraocular pressure, glaucoma, or preoperative IOP >21 mm Hg;