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A Trial of Aprepitant For Prevention of Post-Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) Pancreatitis

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00736073
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 15, 2008
Results First Posted : April 19, 2013
Last Update Posted : June 22, 2015
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Duke University

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine if giving Aprepitant 4 hours before and for two days after ERCP decreases the risk of developing pancreatitis after ERCP.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Pancreatitis Drug: aprepitant Drug: Placebo

Detailed Description:

This study involves taking a drug Aprepitant by mouth 4 hours before the ERCP and once a day for two days after the ERCP, in an attempt to reduce the risk of pancreatitis caused by ERCP. Pancreatitis, or injury and inflammation of the pancreas, is the most common complication of ERCP and occurs in approximately 6 out of every 100 patients undergoing ERCP. It may result in pain and lead to hospitalization and, in some cases, a need for further procedures such as surgery.

Aprepitant is a medication that is currently used to prevent nausea and vomiting in some patients caused by chemotherapy for the treatment of cancer. It is also approved for the prevention of post-operative nausea and vomiting. There is theoretical evidence from animal studies that the way in which Aprepitant works in the body may prevent pancreatitis.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 73 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Prospective Trial of Oral Administration of Aprepitant For Prevention of Post-Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) Pancreatitis
Study Start Date : August 2007
Primary Completion Date : August 2010
Study Completion Date : November 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Pancreatitis
Drug Information available for: Aprepitant
U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: 1
Drug: aprepitant
one dose of aprepitant (125 mg PO 4 hours) prior to their ERCP and one dose (80 mg PO) 18 hours after the first dose
Placebo Comparator: 2
Drug: Placebo
one dose of placebo (125 mg PO 4 hours) prior to their ERCP and one dose (80 mg PO) 18 hours after the first dose

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Post-ERCP Pancreatitis Cases in Participants Who Are Administered Aprepitant and Placebo Prior to ERCP and One Day After ERCP:Assess the Total Number of Incidents of Post-ERCP Pancreatitis in Each Group (Treatment and Control). [ Time Frame: 48 hours ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of Pain Post-ERCP, Within 48 Hours of ERCP, and at 1 Week Post-ERCP; Unrelated to Pancreatitis [ Time Frame: 48 hours post ERCP and 1 week post ERCP ]
  2. Number of Participants Who Were Hospitalized Within 7 Days Post-ERCP for Abdominal Pain That Did Not Meet Criteria for Acute Pancreatitis [ Time Frame: 7 days ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria: Patients selected for the study will be those undergoing ERCP who are at high risk for development of post-ERCP pancreatitis

  • patients expected to undergo a sphincterotomy
  • patients with suspected sphincter of oddi dysfunction
  • patients with a known history in the past of post-ERCP pancreatitis
  • patients less than 60 years of age

Exclusion Criteria:

  • active pancreatitis
  • if they are pregnant
  • known adverse reaction to aprepitant

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00736073

United States, North Carolina
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
Sponsors and Collaborators
Duke University
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Principal Investigator: Martin Poleski, MD Duke University Medical Center, Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology

Responsible Party: Duke University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00736073     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00005149
First Posted: August 15, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 19, 2013
Last Update Posted: June 22, 2015
Last Verified: April 2015

Keywords provided by Duke University:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pancreatic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Neurokinin-1 Receptor Antagonists
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action