Methotrexate, Glucarpidase, and Leucovorin in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as methotrexate and leucovorin, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Glucarpidase may help return the level of methotrexate in the blood to a safe range. Giving high-dose methotrexate together with glucarpidase and leucovorin may kill more cancer cells.
PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of methotrexate when given together with glucarpidase and leucovorin in treating patients with newly diagnosed primary central nervous system lymphoma.
|Chemotherapeutic Agent Toxicity Lymphoma Mucositis Neurotoxicity||Drug: glucarpidase Drug: leucovorin calcium Drug: methotrexate Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Procedure: quality-of-life assessment Radiation: radiation therapy||Phase 1 Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase I Trial of Escalating High Dose Methotrexate Supported by Glucarpidase to Treat Patients With Primary Central Nervous Lymphoma (PCNSL)|
- Immediate toxicity (incidence of reactions to glucarpidase) as determined by the NCI CTC
- Incidence and severity of renal dysfunction as determined by the NCI CTC
- Incidence and severity of mucositis as determined by the NCI CTC and WHO mucositis grading scale
- Incidence and severity of CNS toxicity and neurocognitive changes taken from patients' medical records and measured using the Mini-Mental State questionnaire and MRI data
- Hematological toxicity (i.e., number of courses of therapy associated with neutrophils < 0.5 x 10e9/L or platelets < 50 x 10e9/L as measured by routine blood counts)
- Incidence of infection (i.e., number of days with fever ≥ 38 C° measured by clinical examination and days of intravenous antibiotics taken from patients' medical records)
- Number of inpatient days taken from patients' medical records
- Disease response and remission rates measured by serial MRI scanning (and eye examination and lumbar puncture if necessary)
- Disease outcome, time to progression, and overall survival at 2 years from start of therapy measured by clinical examination and serial MRI scanning
- Relative dose intensity
- Methotrexate levels post-glucarpidase (expressed as a clinically important reduction, which is defined as a methotrexate level of < 1 μmol/L in all post-glucarpidase samples)
- Incidence of antibodies to glucarpidase measured serologically at the start of each methotrexate course and at follow-up visits if present during therapy
|Study Start Date:||July 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||July 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
- To determine the dose-limiting toxicity of methotrexate (MTX) when given in combination with glucarpidase in patients with newly diagnosed primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL).
- To determine the incidence of immediate reactions related to the use of glucarpidase in these patients.
- To define a safer, more practical, and simpler regimen for delivering multiple courses of high-dose MTX using glucarpidase and 'short' leucovorin calcium rescue in these patients.
- To monitor quality of life and mental function during and after therapy in these patients.
- To use this regimen as a platform for phase III studies in PCNSL.
- To record disease response, duration of response, and overall survival of patients treated with this regimen.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, dose-escalation study of high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX).
Patients receive HD-MTX IV over 4 hours on day 1. Beginning 22 hours after the start of HD-MTX, patients receive glucarpidase IV over 15 minutes on day 2 followed by leucovorin calcium orally or IV on days 2-7. Treatment repeats every 14 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Within 2-4 weeks after completion of study treatment, patients achieving maximum response are stratified according to age (< 60 years vs ≥ 60 years) and may undergo whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) once daily, 5 days a week, for 3 to 5 weeks.
Patients undergo blood sample collection periodically to assess glucarpidase antibodies and MTX levels.
Patients are assessed for mucositis incidence and severity periodically, and complete quality of life assessments using the EORTC QLQ-30 questionnaire and the Mini-Mental State questionnaire at baseline, during, and after completion of study.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed at 6 weeks after WBRT, every 3 months for 1 year, every 4 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually thereafter.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00727831
|Leeds General Infirmary|
|Leeds, England, United Kingdom, LS1 3EX|
|Torquay, England, United Kingdom, TQ2 7AA|
|Principal Investigator:||Roderick Johnson, MD||Leeds General Infirmary|