Methadone, Morphine, or Oxycodone in Treating Pain in Patients With Cancer
RATIONALE: Methadone, morphine, or oxycodone may help relieve pain caused by cancer. It is not yet known whether methadone is more effective than morphine or oxycodone in treating pain in patients with cancer.
PURPOSE: This randomized clinical trial is studying methadone to see how well it works compared with morphine or oxycodone in treating pain in patients with cancer.
|Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders Leukemia Lymphoma Lymphoproliferative Disorder Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm Myelodysplastic Syndromes Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasms Pain Precancerous Condition Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific||Drug: methadone hydrochloride Drug: morphine sulfate Drug: oxycodone hydrochloride|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
|Official Title:||A Randomized Comparison of Oral Methadone as a "First-Switch" Opioid Versus Opioid Switching Between Sustained-Release Morphine and Oxycodone for Oncology-Hematology Outpatients With Pain Management Problems: The "Simply Rotate" Study|
- Number of Participants With at Least a 3-point Reduction in Pain Score on the M.D. Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI) [ Time Frame: 28 days ]MDASI questionnaire completed on days 8, 15, and 22 after enrollment. The 'primary success' is defined as a 3-point reduction in pain score on the MDASI. Scores from baseline and from four weeks later compared using the MDASI average pain intensity on a scale of 0 (no pain) to 10 (worst pain).
- Number of Participants With 30% Reduction in Total Summary Score for the Individual Composite Drug Toxicity Score (CDTS) Items [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
|Study Start Date:||March 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Arm I: Opioid rotation to oral methadone
Participants are switched from their current opioid medication (oxycodone or morphine) to methadone. Participants receive oral methadone 2-3 times daily for 4 weeks.
Drug: methadone hydrochloride
Experimental: Arm II: Opioid rotation to another long-acting strong opioid
Participants currently receiving oxycodone are switched to sustained-release (SR) morphine. Participants currently receiving morphine are switched to SR oxycodone. Participants receive either oral SR morphine or oxycodone 2-3 times daily for 4 weeks.
Drug: morphine sulfate
Given orallyDrug: oxycodone hydrochloride
- To compare the effectiveness of an opioid rotation to oral methadone versus an opioid rotation to another long-acting strong opioid (sustained-release morphine or oxycodone) in controlling pain (i.e., analgesia) in patients with cancer.
- To compare the tolerability of an opioid rotation to oral methadone versus an opioid rotation to another long-acting strong opioid (sustained-release morphine or oxycodone).
- To identify a subset of patients most likely to benefit from an opioid rotation to oral methadone, in terms of significant improvement in pain control or opioid tolerability.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to their baseline opioid (morphine vs oxycodone). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
- Arm I: Patients are switched from their current opioid medication (oxycodone or morphine) to methadone. Patients receive oral methadone 2-3 times daily for 4 weeks.
- Arm II: Patients currently receiving oxycodone are switched to sustained-release (SR) morphine. Patients currently receiving morphine are switched to SR oxycodone. Patients receive either oral SR morphine or oxycodone 2-3 times daily for 4 weeks.
Patients are assessed for pain control and complete a symptom questionnaire on days 1, 8, 15, 22, and 28.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00726830
|United States, South Carolina|
|Palmetto Hematology Oncology, PC at Gibbs Regional Cancer Center|
|Spartanburg, South Carolina, United States, 29303|
|United States, Texas|
|M. D. Anderson Cancer Center at University of Texas|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030-4009|
|Study Chair:||Michael J. Fisch, MD, MPH, FACP||M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|
|Study Chair:||James D. Bearden, MD||CCOP - Upstate Carolina|