[F-18] Fluorothymidine (FLT) Imaging on Patients With Primary Brain Tumors
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||Preliminary Evaluation of the Efficacy of [F-18] Fluorothymidine (FLT) to Differentiate Radiation Necrosis From Tumor Recurrence and as a Marker of Proliferation in Patients With Primary Brain Tumors|
- Area Under the Receiver Operating Curve (ROC AUC) Values for PET Imaging Techniques [ Time Frame: 30 minutes for FDG imaging, 70 minutes for FLT imaging acquisition; 2-33 months for lesion outcome confirmation ]
The ROC AUC represents the probability that tumor recurrence will be differentiated from radiation necrosis.
Positron Emission Tomography (PET) imaging methods using radiopharmaceutical agents F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) and F-18 fluorothymidine (FLT) were used for analysis. For F-18 FDG, the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) with correction for body weight was measured at suspicious area of lesion enhancement. The ratio of F-18 FDG SUVmax of the suspicious lesion to that of the SUVmean of a 1 cm diameter region of normal contralateral white matter was also measured (F-18 FDG ratio lesion: contralateral white matter). For F-18 FLT, the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) was measured at suspicious area of lesion enhancement. Patlak graphical analysis was applied using the metabolite-corrected plasma input function to obtain voxel-wise estimates of the FLT metabolic influx parameter (F-18 FLT Kimax).
|Study Start Date:||May 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: All patients
All participants enrolled.
Radiation: FLT-PET Imaging
radiopharmaceutical 3'-deoxy-3'-[F-18]fluorothymidine, [F-18]FLT, a radiopharmaceutical that directly assess tumor proliferation using Positron Emission Tomography(PET) in differentiating tumor recurrence from radiation necrosis in a group of patients with glial neoplasms.
The primary objective of this study is to assess the preliminary efficacy of the radiopharmaceutical 3'-deoxy-3'-[F-18]fluorothymidine, [F-18]FLT, a radiopharmaceutical that directly assess tumor proliferation using Positron Emission Tomography (PET) in differentiating tumor recurrence from radiation necrosis in a group of 30 patients with glial neoplasms. This preliminary clinical study will investigate [F-18]FLT in patients with previously treated primary malignant brain tumors (WHO Grade II, III or IV glial-based tumors) who have a new or enlarging enhancing lesion on Gd-MRI and in whom it is not possible to differentiate recurrent tumor from radiation necrosis on the basis of conventional imaging techniques. The ability to make this important differentiation and accurately determine the amount/degree of tumor recurrence from the amount/degree of radiation necrosis in the enhancing mass is critical for the care of treated brain tumor patients and could potentially change patient management once validated as an accurate means of differentiating the amount/degree of radiation necrosis from recurrence.
While the safety of [F-18]FLT has been studied in a many patients to date we will also obtain additional safety data on the use of this agent in patients with primary brain tumors in a cohort of the initial 12 patients to be studied. It is important to emphasize that the potential clinical application of [F-18]FLT imaging in brain tumors must be compared to the current widely used imaging techniques of MRI and PET imaging using the agent, [F-18] fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG).
In this study, [F-18]FLT PET will be used to assess the three goals of this project:
- Show that imaging with [F-18]FLT and PET will or will not better determine the amount/degree of tumor versus necrosis in the abnormal areas seen on the recent MRI scan and FDG-PET scan.
- The [F-18]FLT radiopharmaceutical is shown to be safe or not safe in the amount administered in this study.
- The amount of [F-18]FLT that is seen on the PET study is shown to correlate or not to correlate with other tests used to determine the proliferation of brain tumors in a tissue sample of your newly identified abnormality on MRI in the event that another surgical biopsy or procedure is performed
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00707343
|United States, Utah|
|Huntsman Cancer Institute|
|Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84112|
|Principal Investigator:||John M Hoffman, MD||Huntsman Cancer Institute|