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The Effect of Docetaxel or Gemcitabine-based Chemotherapy in East Asian and Caucasian Patients

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Haematology-Oncology, National University Hospital, Singapore Identifier:
First received: June 10, 2008
Last updated: October 31, 2012
Last verified: October 2012

The aims of this study are:

  1. to compare the toxicity profile and efficacy of gemcitabine/carboplatin or docetaxel in East Asian and Caucasian patients.
  2. to determine the genotype distribution of genes involved in docetaxel and gemcitabine pathways in East Asian and Caucasian patients.
  3. to evaluate the association between genotypes and

    1. treatment toxicity
    2. treatment efficacy
    3. pharmacokinetics.

Condition Intervention Phase
Non Small Cell Lung Cancer
Breast Cancer
Drug: Docetaxel
Drug: gemcitabine and carboplatin
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effect of Pharmacogenetics on Treatment Toxicities and Outcomes in East Asian and Caucasian Patients Undergoing Docetaxel or Gemcitabine-based Chemotherapy

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Haematology-Oncology, National University Hospital, Singapore:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Treatment toxicities [ Time Frame: 36 weeks ]
    Response and progression will be evaluated in this study using the new international criteria proposed by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) Committee [JNCI 92(3):205-216, 2000]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • objective tumour response, survival, median time to progression, and duration of response [ Time Frame: 36 weeks ]
    All patients included in the study must be assessed for response to treatment. Each patient will be assigned one of the following categories: 1) complete response, 2) partial response, 3) stable disease, 4) progressive disease, 5) early death from malignant disease, 6) early death from toxicity, 7) early death because of other cause, or 9) unknown (not assessable, insufficient data).

Enrollment: 300
Study Start Date: October 2006
Study Completion Date: September 2012
Primary Completion Date: September 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Docetaxel
Docetaxel will be administered at a dose of 75 mg/m2 given as a 1-hour intravenous infusion on day 1 of a 21-day cycle.
Drug: Docetaxel
Docetaxel will be administered at a dose of 75 mg/m2 given as a 1-hour intravenous infusion on day 1 of a 21-day cycle. Docetaxel is re-constituted in 500 mL of normal saline and infused through a peripheral or central venous line. Docetaxel (Taxotere®, Sanofi-Aventis Inc.) is available in 80 mg and 20 mg in 2 mL polysorbate 80, 13% (w/w) ethanol in Water for Injection.
Other Name: Docetaxel (Taxotere®, Sanofi-Aventis Inc.)
Experimental: Gemcitabine and carboplatin
Carboplatin will be administered as a 1-hour infusion on day 1 of a 21-day cycle. Gemcitabine will be administered as a 30-minute infusion at the dose of 1000 mg/m2 in 250 mL over 30 minutes, on day 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle. It will be given after carboplatin infusion.
Drug: gemcitabine and carboplatin

Gemcitabine (Gemzar®, Lily Inc.) is available in vials containing 1000 mg or 200 mg of active drug formulated with mannitol (200 mg or 1 g, respectively) and sodium acetate (12.5 mg or 62.5 mg, respectively) as a sterile lyophilized powder.

Carboplatin (Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc.) is supplied as a 10 mg/mL aqueous solution. Unopened vials of gemcitabine are stable when stored at controlled room temperature at 25°C, protected from bright light. It can be diluted in normal saline or 5% dextrose. The solution remains stable for 8 hours at 25°C after reconstitution.

Carboplatin will be administered as a 1-hour infusion on day 1 of a 21-day cycle. It will be given before gemcitabine at the dose to achieve an AUC of 5 using the Calvert formula.

Gemcitabine will be administered as a 30-minute infusion at the dose of 1000 mg/m2 in 250 mL over 30 minutes, on day 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle. It will be given after carboplatin infusion.

Other Names:
  • Gemcitabine (Gemzar®, Lily Inc.)
  • Carboplatin (Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc.)

Detailed Description:

Germline polymorphisms are inherited genetic variations present in all cells of the body. Mounting evidence has shown that genetic polymorphisms in drug metabolizing, transporter and targets genes are major determinants of response to drugs.

The aims of this study are to compare (i) the toxicity profile and efficacy of gemcitabine/carboplatin or docetaxel, (ii) the distribution of genes involved in docetaxel and gemcitabine pathways and (iii) to evaluate the association between pharmacogenetics, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in East Asian and Caucasian patients.

To date, most pharmacogenetic strategies are predominantly focused on the role of single genes, in the regulation of drug metabolism. However, there is clear evidence that treatment outcomes are under the control of a network of genes, each contributing to the patient's phenotype. In this study, we propose taking a global approach to include relevant candidate genes in drug pathways to evaluate the effect of polymorphisms and treatment outcomes. We have selected two commonly used chemotherapy regimens based on our previous observation of interethnic variability in treatment outcomes and candidate polymorphisms.

By incorporating pharmacokinetic (drug level, drug elimination etc), pharmacodynamic (treatment response, survival etc) and pharmacogenetic approaches in clinical trials, it would enhance our understanding of the inter-individual variability in response and toxicity to drug treatment, and is the first step towards individualized drug treatment.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed i) AJCC/UICC stage IIIB or IV non small cell lung cancer and stage IV breast cancer for which docetaxel is indicated. ii) AJCC/UICC stage IIIB or stage IV non small cell lung cancer for which gemcitabine/carboplatin is indicated.
  • Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as >=20 mm with conventional techniques or as >=10 mm with spiral CT scan. See section 11.2 for the evaluation of measurable disease.
  • Eligible patients must not have been on previous anticancer therapy including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, biological therapy, or investigational therapy for at least 4 weeks before study entry (6 weeks if prior therapy included nitrosoureas or mitomycin C). Prior neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy, or chemotherapy given concurrently with radiotherapy for non- metastatic disease, is allowed if the last dose last dose was given 6 months or more before study entry.
  • Patients eligible for docetaxel should have received at least one prior line of palliative chemotherapy. Patients eligible for gemcitabine/carboplatin should not have prior palliative therapies.
  • Age >=18 years.
  • Life expectancy of greater than 8 weeks.
  • ECOG performance status <=2 (Karnofsky >=60%).
  • Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • leukocytes >=3,000/mcL
    • absolute neutrophil count >=1,500/mcL
    • platelets >=100,000/mcL
    • total bilirubin within normal institutional limits
    • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) <=2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
    • creatinine within normal institutional limits OR
    • creatinine clearance >=60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier.
  • Patients should not be receiving any other investigational agents.
  • Patients with rapidly progressing brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis. Furthermore they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events.
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to docetaxel or gemcitabine.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because docetaxel and gemcitabine are embryotoxic/fetotoxic with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with docetaxel or gemcitabine, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with docetaxel or gemcitabine. These potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00695994

National University Hospital
Singapore, Singapore
Sponsors and Collaborators
National University Hospital, Singapore
Principal Investigator: Wei Peng Yong, MRCP, MB ChB National University Hospital, Singapore
  More Information

Responsible Party: Haematology-Oncology, Dr. Ross Soo, National University Hospital, Singapore Identifier: NCT00695994     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CTRG-PG02/26/06
Study First Received: June 10, 2008
Last Updated: October 31, 2012

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Lung Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators processed this record on May 25, 2017