Medication Adherence in Hypertension Study
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Interventions to Improve Medication-Taking Behavior in Older Adults With Hypertension: An Exploratory Study|
- Outcome Measure: Medication adherence [ Time Frame: 4 and 12 weeks post-intervention ]
- Resting blood pressure [ Time Frame: 4 and 12 weeks post-intervention ]
|Study Start Date:||July 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||April 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Behavioral feedback
Behavioral feedback intervention to improve adherence to antihypertensive medication
Behavioral: Behavioral feedback
The medication adherence intervention consists of five components: medication feedback, hypertension feedback, medication-taking skills, habit adjustment, and succinct medication and disease information delivered over an 8-week period.
No Intervention: Control
Hypertension is present in 26.7% of the U.S. adult population between ages 20 to 74 (National Center for Health Statistics, 2006). The prevalence increases with age. Sixty-seven percent of adults aged 60 years or older have hypertension, a rise from 58% just ten years earlier (Ostchega, Dillon, Hughes, Carroll, & Yoon, 2007). Uncontrolled hypertension increases the risk for heart attack, stroke, congestive heart failure, and kidney disease (Chobanian et al., 2003; Stamler, Stamler, & Neaton, 1993; Vasan et al., 2001). Maintaining a normal blood pressure has been shown to be associated with a greater probability of living to age 85, and of living to age 85 without major health concerns (Terry et al., 2005). The most common treatment for managing hypertension involves the use of antihypertensive medications. These medications have been shown to effectively lower blood pressure (BP) and prevent the development of serious sequelae (Chobanian et al., 2003). Unfortunately, failure to adhere to antihypertensive medication regimens can impede the effectiveness of therapy.
Studies have reported levels of medication adherence among the elderly ranging from 26% to 59% (Botelho & Dudrak, 1992; van Eijken, Tsang, Wensing, de Smet, & Grol, 2003). Adherence to a medication regimen requires a set of behaviors that include obtaining the medication; timely administration of the correct drug, dose, and route; and persisting with taking the medication as long as the medication is needed. Success at these behaviors can be hampered by many of the changes often seen with age. Sensory loss, disturbances in memory and cognition, depression, and lifestyle changes such as retirement can disrupt routines or affect skills previously used to maintain medication adherence (Brown et al., 2005; Conn, Taylor, & Miller, 1994; Coons et al., 1994; Gehi, Haas, Pipkin, & Whooley, 2005; Schlenk, Dunbar-Jacob, & Engberg, 2004; Vik, Maxwell, & Hogan, 2004). Effective community-based interventions are needed to equip health care providers with tools to improve antihypertensive medication regimen adherence among their older patients. Many interventions have been tested to improve medication adherence in hypertension, but few addressing the unique needs of older adults. Of those that have been tested, there has been great variation in outcomes and ability to translate interventions into clinical practice.
This exploratory randomized controlled trial will test an 8-week behavioral intervention to improve medication adherence in older adults with hypertension.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00688350
|United States, Missouri|
|University of Missouri|
|Columbia, Missouri, United States, 65211|
|Principal Investigator:||Todd M. Ruppar, PhD, RN||University of Missouri - Columbia Sinclair School of Nursing|