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Small Bowel Capsule Endoscopy Findings in Patients Receiving Cellcept®

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00652834
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 4, 2008
Results First Posted : March 4, 2016
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Suphamai Bunnapradist, University of California, Los Angeles

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to learn more about symptoms and gastrointestinal lesions associated with taking myfortic® by switching patients to a delayed release formulation that is developed to alleviate GI symptoms. A comparison of the frequency and severity of GI symptoms observed in patients treated with MMF (cellcept®) after conversion to myfortic® will be measured by using a self-assessed questionnaire called Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS). To prove the incidence and improvement of GI lesions in patients treated with MMF (cellcept®) after conversion to myfortic® will be measured by using Small Bowel Capsule Endoscopy (SBCE).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Gastrointestinal Lesions Signs and Symptoms, Digestive Procedure: Small bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE) Drug: myfortic Phase 4

Detailed Description:
Myfortic® recently introduced to the market has shown to be similar to MMF in how effectively it works and how well it is tolerated. Both drugs have the same active ingredient, but they are different in the way that they deliver them to the body. Myfortic® is an advanced, enteric coated formulation of mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS) that delays the release of the active ingredient, MPA. MPA has more potent effects on the lymphocytes than other cells. This makes for improved GI tolerability of the MPA therapy.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 23 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Gastrointestinal Mucosal Findings in Patients Receiving Mycophenolic Acid (MPA) as Demonstrated by Small Bowel Capsule Endoscopy (SBCE)
Study Start Date : April 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2011

Arm Intervention/treatment
kidney recipients with GI symptoms
This was a four-week study designed to investigate GI mucosal lesions by SBCE in kidney transplant recipients who were using MMF, and to examine the changes in clinical symptoms and intestinal mucosa lesions 30 days after switching over from MMF to EC-MPS. The patient was switched from MMF to EC-MPS (Myfortic) on the equimola basis.
Procedure: Small bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE)
SBCE will be performed at Day 2 and Day 30.
Other Name: PillCamEso

Drug: myfortic
switching from mycophenolate mofetil to mycophenolic acid on equimolar basis
Other Name: EC-MPS

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. GI Mucosal Lesions Change and Clinical Symptoms Using The Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS) Score [ Time Frame: one month ]

    The GSRS has a seven-point graded Likert-type scale where 1 represents absence of troublesome symptoms and 7 represents very troublesome symptoms.

    A higher GSRS indicate worse symptoms and a difference between D30 and last SBCE scores greater or equal to 0.3 can be considered as a clinically significant improvement in the symptoms.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female patients between 18 and 75 years of age.
  • Recipients of first or second cadaveric, living unrelated or living related kidney transplant.
  • Recipients who are at least 4 weeks post renal transplantation with stable renal function.
  • Patients who have used MMF at least 10 days and are currently receiving MMF. (up to 3g/day dosage allowed)
  • Patients with at least one moderate or severe upper or lower GI complaints.
  • Patients' immunosuppressive regimen other than steroids as well as medication for treatment of GI symptoms must be unchanged for at least 1 week prior to study start.
  • Females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test prior to the inclusion period. Effective contraception must be used during the trial, and for 4 weeks following discontinuation of the study medication.
  • Patients who are willing and able to participate in the full course of the study and from whom written informed consent has been obtained.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Multi-organ transplant patients or previous transplant with any other organ different from kidney.
  • The presence of a severe GI disorder. History of a significant GI disorder prior to transplant that has remained unchanged since transplant and/or the introduction of MMF will exclude patient.
  • Evidence of any GI disorder induced by an infection, underlying medical condition, or concomitant medication other than MMF.
  • Modification of GI medication or MMF dose within last 1 week.
  • Evidence of graft rejection, treatment of acute rejection, or unstable renal function within 4 weeks prior to the Baseline visit.
  • Patients who have received an investigational immunosuppressive drug within 4 weeks prior to study entry.
  • Patients with a history of malignancy within the last five years, except excised squamous or basal cell carcinoma of the skin.
  • Pregnant or nursing women.
  • Patients with thrombocytopenia (<75,000/mm3), with an absolute neutrophil count of <1,500/mm3 and/or leukocytopenia (<3,500/mm3), and/or hemoglobin <9.0 g/dL prior to enrollment.
  • Presence of clinically significant pyrexia and/or infection requiring continued therapy.
  • Evidence of severe liver disease [incl. abnormal liver profile i.e. AST, ALT or total bilirubin = 3 times the upper limit of normal].
  • Patients who have any anatomical GI tract defects which have risk of capsule getting stuck such as tumor or previous abdominal surgery.
  • Abnormal physical or laboratory findings of clinical significance within 2 weeks of inclusion which would interfere with the objectives of the study.
  • Patients with symptoms of significant illness or evidence of current drug and/or alcohol abuse.
  • Inability to self-administer the GSRS & OTE questionnaire.
  • Use of other investigational drugs at the time of enrollment, or within 30 days or 5 half-lives of enrollment, whichever is longer.
  • History of hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or to drugs with similar chemical structures.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00652834

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United States, California
University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, Los Angeles
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Principal Investigator: suphamai bunnapradist, MD University of California, Los Angeles
Publications of Results:
Other Publications:

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Responsible Party: Suphamai Bunnapradist, Principal Investigator, University of California, Los Angeles Identifier: NCT00652834    
Other Study ID Numbers: 11-001911
First Posted: April 4, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 4, 2016
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2016
Last Verified: December 2014
Keywords provided by Suphamai Bunnapradist, University of California, Los Angeles:
Renal transplant recipients
Gastrointestinal findings in small bowel capsule endoscopy
Mycophenolic acid
Mycophenolate Mofetil
Mycophenolate Sodium
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Signs and Symptoms, Digestive
Mycophenolic Acid
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antibiotics, Antitubercular
Antitubercular Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action