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Ghana Newborn Home Visits Neonatal Mortality Trial (Newhints)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00623337
First Posted: February 26, 2008
Last Update Posted: August 24, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborators:
Kintampo Health Research Centre, Ghana
Institute of Child Health
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
  Purpose

Introduction: Just under four million infants die each year before reaching one month of age; neonatal deaths now account for 38% of the 10.8 million deaths among children younger than 5 years of age. Tackling neonatal mortality is essential if the millennium development goal to reduce by 2015 overall child mortality by two-thirds from its levels in 1990 is to be achieved. Postnatal care for mothers and neonates in developing countries, particularly when deliveries occur at home, is either not available or is of poor quality. Trained community workers are considered by many to be pivotal to newborn care in the community, as they can act as catalysts for community actions and also be providers of care.Reductions in neonatal mortality have been slower in Sub-Saharan Africa than in any other region, and no evaluations of the effectiveness and feasibility of home visits in reducing neonatal mortality have been conducted.

Trial aim: To link with the Ghana Health Service to develop a feasible and sustainable intervention to improve newborn care practices and careseeking during pregnancy and childbirth, and to identify and refer very low birth weight and/or sick babies, through routine home-visits by community health workers (CHWs), and by so doing reduce neonatal mortality.


Condition Intervention Phase
Neonatal Mortality Behavioral: Home visits Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Cluster Randomised Trial to Evaluate the Impact of Routine Home Visits to Provide a Package of Essential Newborn Care Interventions in the Third Trimester of Pregnancy and the 1st Week of Life on Neonatal Mortality in Rural Ghana

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Neonatal mortality rate [ Time Frame: deaths within 28 days of birth ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • % mothers carrying out promoted newborn care practices [ Time Frame: within 28 days of birth ]

Estimated Enrollment: 15000
Study Start Date: January 2009
Study Completion Date: April 2010
Primary Completion Date: March 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Newhints
Home visits
Behavioral: Home visits
Home visits by community based surveillance volunteers (2 during pregnancy & 3 during 1st week of life) to promote facility delivery, careseeking during pregnancy and childbirth and essential newborn care practices and to identify & refer sick babies
No Intervention: Control
Community based surveillance volunteers will continue with current duties eg urging attendance at immunisation clinics and child health weeks

Detailed Description:

Study area: The NEWHINTS trial will be conducted in 6 contiguous districts with an area of 12,000km in the central Brong Ahafo Region of rural Ghana. The area is predominantly rural and has a total population of approximately 600,000 persons, with more than 100,000 women of reproductive age. The study area is multi-ethnic and education levels are low. It is served by 4 district hospitals, and a small number of additional government health centres and private facilities. More than 15,000 babies are born within the area each year; the neonatal mortality rate is about 30 per 1000 live births. Over 50% of births occur at home and these home deliveries account for a large proportion of all neonatal deaths. A potential cadre of CHWs, who are currently working in the region and whose capacity could be expanded to include home visits, are Community Based Surveillance Volunteers (CBSVs); CBSVs currently assist the DHMTs with the registration of births, disease detection and community mobilization.

Intervention: The intervention is being developed by a collaborative group from Kintampo Health Research Centre, the District Health Management Teams (DHMTs) of the 6 districts and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. It will comprise of:

  1. Training CBSVs to identify pregnant women in the community and to conduct 2 home visits during pregnancy and 3 in the first week of life of the infant on days 1, 3 and 7:

    • to promote birth preparedness and prompt careseeking during pregnancy and childbirth
    • to promote essential perinatal and neonatal care practices
    • to identify and refer very low birth weight or sick babies
    • to give advice on special treatment for low birth weight babies
    • to teach neonatal danger signs and encourage prompt careseeking
    • to promote key child survival interventions for infancy (breastfeeding, bednets, immunisations) CBSVs will provide support through dialogue and problem-solving. Other family members key in decision-making concerning childbirth and newborn care will be invited to take part in the discussions.
  2. Developing a sustainable supervisory and remuneration structure for the CBSVs;
  3. Various intervention support activities inc

    • Sensitisation of health facility staff to intervention messages and approach#
    • Sensitisation of traditional birth attendants (TBAs)
    • Meetings with village leaders to introduce intervention aims and activities
    • Community durbars

Study design: Formative research consisting of in-depth interviews, focus-groups and pilot trials of home visits/improved practices will be conducted to improve the feasibility and optimality of the planned intervention and to design training and intervention support materials. A cluster randomised controlled trial design with 98 health zones as units of randomisation will be used to evaluate the impact on neonatal mortality, careseeking during pregnancy and childbirth and newborn care practices. The intervention will be implemented in half of the zones, chosen at random, and evaluated over an 18 month period. Impact data will come from ongoing 4-weekly surveillance of all women of child-bearing age and their infants including verbal post mortems, conducted as part of the ongoing "ObaapaVitA" Vitamin A and maternal mortality trial. A process evaluation will be conducted over 3-monthly intervals to assess the coverage and quality of the services provided and the response to the services.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 12 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All live births in trial area

Exclusion Criteria:

  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00623337


Locations
Ghana
Kintampo Health Research Centre
Kintampo, Brong Ahafo Region, Ghana
Sponsors and Collaborators
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Kintampo Health Research Centre, Ghana
Institute of Child Health
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Betty R Kirkwood London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
Principal Investigator: Zelee E Hill Institute of Child Health, London
Principal Investigator: Alexander Manu Kintampo Health Research Centre (KHRC)
Principal Investigator: Charlotte Tawiah KHRC
Principal Investigator: Seth Owusu-Agyei KHRC
  More Information

Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Lohela TJ, Nesbitt RC, Manu A, Vesel L, Okyere E, Kirkwood B, Gabrysch S. Competence of health workers in emergency obstetric care: an assessment using clinical vignettes in Brong Ahafo region, Ghana. BMJ Open. 2016 Jun 13;6(6):e010963. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010963.
Manu A, Hill Z, Ten Asbroek AH, Soremekun S, Weobong B, Gyan T, Tawiah-Agyemang C, Danso S, Amenga-Etego S, Owusu-Agyei S, Kirkwood BR. Increasing access to care for sick newborns: evidence from the Ghana Newhints cluster-randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open. 2016 Jun 13;6(6):e008107. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008107.
Vesel L, Manu A, Lohela TJ, Gabrysch S, Okyere E, Ten Asbroek AH, Hill Z, Agyemang CT, Owusu-Agyei S, Kirkwood BR. Quality of newborn care: a health facility assessment in rural Ghana using survey, vignette and surveillance data. BMJ Open. 2013 May 9;3(5). pii: e002326. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002326.
Kirkwood BR, Manu A, ten Asbroek AH, Soremekun S, Weobong B, Gyan T, Danso S, Amenga-Etego S, Tawiah-Agyemang C, Owusu-Agyei S, Hill Z. Effect of the Newhints home-visits intervention on neonatal mortality rate and care practices in Ghana: a cluster randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2013 Jun 22;381(9884):2184-92. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(13)60095-1. Epub 2013 Apr 9.
Kirkwood BR, Manu A, Tawiah-Agyemang C, ten Asbroek G, Gyan T, Weobong B, Lewandowski RE, Soremekun S, Danso S, Pitt C, Hanson K, Owusu-Agyei S, Hill Z. NEWHINTS cluster randomised trial to evaluate the impact on neonatal mortality in rural Ghana of routine home visits to provide a package of essential newborn care interventions in the third trimester of pregnancy and the first week of life: trial protocol. Trials. 2010 May 17;11:58. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-11-58.

Responsible Party: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00623337     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Newhints
WHO: C6-181-512,# 007
SNL: Sub-grant # 251
LSHTM: EPNPVE28 & EPNPVP18
First Submitted: February 15, 2008
First Posted: February 26, 2008
Last Update Posted: August 24, 2017
Last Verified: February 2010

Keywords provided by London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine:
care seeking
pregnancy and childbirth
newborn care practices
low birth weight babies


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