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GDC-0449 in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Genentech, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00607724
First received: January 31, 2008
Last updated: September 8, 2015
Last verified: September 2015
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as GDC-0449, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of GDC-0449 in treating patients with locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors.


Condition Intervention Phase
Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific
Drug: GDC-0449
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label, Phase I Study of Systemic Hedgehog Pathway Antagonist, GDC-0449, in Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors That Are Refractory to Standard Therapy or For Whom No Standard Therapy Exists

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Genentech, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants With Dose-Limiting Toxicities (DLTs) [ Time Frame: Up to Week 6 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    A DLT was defined as any Grade 3 or 4 hematologic or major organ toxicity as graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) (Version 3.0) that occurred during the first 35 days after the initiation of study drug (Days 1−35) and was attributable to GDC-0449.

  • Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Cmax) After a Single Dose of GDC-0449 [ Time Frame: -5 minutes (pre-dose) and 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 24 hours post-dose on Day 1; additionally for stage 1 arms: 48 hours (Day 3), 72 hours (Day 4) post-dose and - 5 minutes (pre-dose) on Day 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Phase I comprised of two stages, a dose-escalation stage with the goal of estimating the maximum tolerated dose (Stage 1), and an expanded cohort to collect additional safety, PK, and pharmacodynamic (PD) data at the proposed Phase II dose (Stage 2). Phase II represented the additional cohort initiated with 150 mg hard gelatin capsule identified from the safety, PK and PD data from Stage 1 of the trial.

  • Cmax After Multiple Doses of GDC-0449 [ Time Frame: -5 minutes (pre-dose), 0.5,1,2,4,8 hours post-dose on Day [D] 1; 2,3,4; -5 minutes (pre-dose) on D8,15,22,29,36,64,92,120,148,176,204,232,260,288,316,344;every 4 weeks after D345; end of treatment and study (up to 28 days after last dose), up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cmax was estimated if there were extensive PK sampling in more that 50% of the participants to form a curve.

  • Time to Maximum Plasma Concentration (Tmax) After a Single Dose of GDC-0449 [ Time Frame: -5 minutes (pre-dose) and 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 24 hours post-dose on Day 1; additionally for stage 1 arms: 48 hours (Day 3), 72 hours (Day 4) post-dose and - 5 minutes (pre-dose) on Day 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Phase I comprised of two stages, a dose-escalation stage with the goal of estimating the maximum tolerated dose (Stage 1), and an expanded cohort to collect additional safety, PK, and PD data at the proposed Phase II dose (Stage 2). Phase II represented the additional cohort initiated with 150 mg hard gelatin capsule identified from the safety, PK and PD data from Stage 1 of the trial.

  • Tmax After Multiple Doses of GDC-0449 [ Time Frame: -5 minutes (pre-dose), 0.5,1,2,4,8 hours post-dose on Day [D] 1; 2,3,4; -5 minutes (pre-dose) on D8,15,22,29,36,64,92,120,148,176,204,232,260,288,316,344;every 4 weeks after D345; end of treatment and study (up to 28 days after last dose), up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Tmax was estimated if there were extensive PK sampling in more that 50% of the participants to form a curve.

  • Average Plasma Concentration at Steady State (Css, Avg) After Multiple Doses of GDC-0449 [ Time Frame: -5 minutes (pre-dose), 0.5,1,2,4,8 hours post-dose on Day [D] 1; 2,3,4; -5 minutes (pre-dose) on D8,15,22,29,36,64,92,120,148,176,204,232,260,288,316,344;every 4 weeks after D345; end of treatment and study (up to 28 days after last dose), up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Steady state GDC−0449 plasma concentrations (Css) were calculated as an average of plasma concentrations from Study Day 21 (Stage 2) or Study Day 28 (Stage 1) onward.

  • Area Under the Plasma Concentration-Time Curve From Time 0 to 24 Hours (AUC0-24) After a Single Dose of GDC-0449 [ Time Frame: -5 minutes (pre-dose) and 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 24 hours post-dose on Day 1; additionally for stage 1 arms: 48 hours (Day 3), 72 hours (Day 4) post-dose and - 5 minutes (pre-dose) on Day 8 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    AUC is a measure of the serum concentration of the drug over time. It is used to characterize drug absorption. Phase I comprised of two stages, a dose-escalation stage with the goal of estimating the maximum tolerated dose (Stage 1), and an expanded cohort to collect additional safety, PK, and PD data at the proposed Phase II dose (Stage 2). Phase II represented the additional cohort initiated with 150 mg hard gelatin capsule identified from the safety, PK and PD data from Stage 1 of the trial.

  • AUC0-24 After Multiple Doses of GDC-0449 [ Time Frame: -5 minutes (pre-dose), 0.5,1,2,4,8 hours post-dose on Day [D] 1; 2,3,4; -5 minutes (pre-dose) on D8,15,22,29,36,64,92,120,148,176,204,232,260,288,316,344;every 4 weeks after D345; end of treatment and study (up to 28 days after last dose), up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    AUC is a measure of the serum concentration of the drug over time. It is used to characterize drug absorption. AUC was estimated if there were extensive PK sampling in more that 50% of the participants to form a curve.

  • Accumulation Index (AI) After Multiple Doses of GDC-0449 [ Time Frame: -5 minutes (pre-dose), 0.5,1,2,4,8 hours post-dose on Day [D] 1; 2,3,4; -5 minutes (pre-dose) on D8,15,22,29,36,64,92,120,148,176,204,232,260,288,316,344;every 4 weeks after D345; end of treatment and study (up to 28 days after last dose), up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    AI was calculated using the formula [AI = AUC(0-24) on Day 15/AUC(0-24) on Day 1]. AUC is a measure of the serum concentration of the drug over time. It is used to characterize drug absorption. AI was estimated if there were extensive PK sampling in more that 50% of the participants to form a curve.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants With a Greater Than (>) 2-Fold Down-Modulation of GLI1 Expression in Skin Biopsy-Derived or Hair Follicle-Derived Messenger Ribonucleic Acid (mRNA) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Day 29 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Ribonucleic acid (RNA) was extracted from biopsy specimens of noninvolved skin or hair follicles at baseline and at 7 and 21 days after the start of daily drug therapy. Control mRNA was obtained from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples of normal skin and hair follicles from participants who were not enrolled in the study.

  • Percentage of Participants With a Best Overall Response (BOR) of Complete Response (CR) or Partial Response (PR): All Participants [ Time Frame: Screening, at Week 8 thereafter every 8 weeks, up to Week 116 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    BOR was defined as the best objective response (complete or partial response determined by two consecutive investigator assessments which were at least 28 days apart) observed during the treatment period according to RECIST v1.0. CR: disappearance of all target lesions (TLs), with any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) having a reduction in short axis to less than 10 millimeters (mm). PR: at least a 30 percent (%) decrease in the sum of diameters of TLs, taking as reference the baseline (BL) sum diameters.

  • Percentage of Participants With a BOR of CR or PR: Participants With Basal Cell Carcinoma [ Time Frame: Screening, at Week 8 thereafter every 8 weeks, up to Week 116 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    BOR was defined as the best objective response observed during the treatment period according to RECIST v1.0. CR: disappearance of all TLs, with any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) having a reduction in short axis to less than 10 mm. PR: at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of TLs, taking as reference the BL sum diameters.

  • Duration of Objective Response: All Participants [ Time Frame: Screening, at Week 8 thereafter every 8 weeks, up to Week 116 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Duration of response during first line therapy is defined as the time from when response (CR or PR) was first documented to first documented disease progression or death (whichever occurs first) during first line therapy. This was only calculated for participants who achieved a best overall response of CR or PR. Participants who did not progress or die after they had a confirmed response were censored at the date of their last tumor measurement or last follow-up for progression of disease during first line therapy.

  • Duration of Objective Response: Participants With BCC [ Time Frame: Screening, at Week 8 thereafter every 8 weeks, up to Week 116 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Duration of response during first line therapy is defined as the time from when response (CR or PR) was first documented to first documented disease progression or death (whichever occurs first) during first line therapy. This was only calculated for participants who achieved a best overall response of CR or PR. Participants who did not progress or die after they had a confirmed response were censored at the date of their last tumor measurement or last follow-up for progression of disease during first line therapy.

  • Progression-Free Survival (PFS): All Participants [ Time Frame: Screening, at Week 8 thereafter every 8 weeks, up to Week 116 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    PFS was defined as the time from first dose of GDC-0449 to documented disease progression (deterioration of evaluable lesions and/or tumor-related symptoms defined using RECIST v1.0) or death from any cause within 30 days of the last dose of GDC-0449, whichever occurred first.

  • PFS: Participants With BCC [ Time Frame: Screening, at Week 8 thereafter every 8 weeks, up to Week 116 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    PFS was defined as the time from first dose of GDC-0449 to documented disease progression (deterioration of evaluable lesions and/or tumor-related symptoms defined using RECIST v1.0) or death from any cause within 30 days of the last dose of GDC-0449, whichever occurred first.


Enrollment: 68
Study Start Date: April 2007
Study Completion Date: November 2009
Primary Completion Date: November 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Stage 1: GDC-0449 (150 mg)
Participants with any tumor received a single oral dose of GDC-0449 hard gelatin capsules at a dosage of 150 milligram (mg) on Day 1. Beginning on Day 8, participants received once daily doses of GDC-0449 150 mg, orally, continuing until disease progression (deterioration of evaluable lesions and/or tumor-related symptoms defined using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.0 (RECIST v1.0), maximum benefit, or intolerability.
Drug: GDC-0449
Other Name: Hedgehog Pathway Inhibitor
Experimental: Stage 1: GDC-0449 (270 mg)
Participants with any tumor received a single oral dose of GDC-0449 hard gelatin capsules at a dosage of 270 mg on Day 1. Beginning on Day 8, participants received once daily doses of GDC-0449 270 mg, orally, continuing until disease progression, maximum benefit, or intolerability.
Drug: GDC-0449
Other Name: Hedgehog Pathway Inhibitor
Experimental: Stage 1: GDC-0449 (540 mg)
Participants with any tumor received a single oral dose of GDC-0449 hard gelatin capsules at a dosage of 540 mg on Day 1. Beginning on Day 8, participants received once daily doses of GDC-0449 540 mg, orally, continuing until disease progression, maximum benefit, or intolerability.
Drug: GDC-0449
Other Name: Hedgehog Pathway Inhibitor
Experimental: Stage 2: BCC [GDC-0449 (150 mg)]
Participants with basal cell carcinoma (BCC) received a daily oral dose of GDC-0449 hard gelatin capsules at a dosage of 150 mg starting on Day 1 and continuing until disease progression, maximum benefit, or intolerability.
Drug: GDC-0449
Other Name: Hedgehog Pathway Inhibitor
Experimental: Stage 2: BCC [GDC-0449 (270 mg)]
Participants with BCC received a daily oral dose of GDC-0449 hard gelatin capsules at a dosage of 270 mg starting on Day 1 and continuing until disease progression, maximum benefit, or intolerability.
Drug: GDC-0449
Other Name: Hedgehog Pathway Inhibitor
Experimental: Stage 2:Safety Expansion Cohort [GDC-0449 (150 mg)]
Participants received a daily oral dose of GDC-0449 hard gelatin capsules at a dosage of 150 mg starting on Day 1 and continuing until disease progression, maximum benefit, or intolerability.
Drug: GDC-0449
Other Name: Hedgehog Pathway Inhibitor
Experimental: Stage 2: New Formulation [GDC-0449 (150 mg )]
Participants received a daily oral dose of GDC-0449 Phase II drug product hard gelatin capsules at a dosage of 150 mg starting on Day 1 and continuing until disease progression, maximum benefit, or intolerability.
Drug: GDC-0449
Other Name: Hedgehog Pathway Inhibitor

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • To evaluate the safety and tolerability of escalating doses of systemic Hedgehog antagonist GDC-0449 in patients with locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors.
  • To estimate the maximum tolerated dose of GDC-0449 in these patients.
  • To define the dose-limiting toxicities of GDC-0449 in these patients.
  • To characterize the pharmacokinetic properties of GDC-0449 following a single dose and multiple doses.
  • To determine the recommended phase II dose and schedule of GDC-0449 for efficacy testing based on achievement of the target exposure with an acceptable safety profile.

Secondary

  • To determine whether inhibition of Hedgehog (Hh) signaling by GDC-0449 can be reliably measured in human hair follicles and to define the relationship between this pharmacodynamic (PD) effect in surrogate tissue and GDC-0449 dose and exposure.
  • To make a preliminary assessment of tumor response in patients treated with this drug.

Tertiary

  • To examine modulation of Hh target genes (other than GLI1) by GDC-0449 in hair follicles and/or tumor tissue.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive oral systemic Hedgehog antagonist GDC-0449 once on day 1 and then once or twice daily beginning on day 8 and continuing for up to 49 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients undergo plasma, urine, and hair sample collection and skin punch biopsies periodically for pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic analyses. The plasma and urine samples are analyzed separately using liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry-based methods. Ex vivo plasma protein binding of GDC-0449 is assayed using an equilibrium dialysis approach. Expression levels of Gli1 and other Hedgehog target genes in hair follicle samples and/or tumor tissue are measured at the RNA level using qRT-PCR.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed at 21 days.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed locally advanced or metastatic solid tumor that is refractory to standard therapy or for which no standard therapy exists

    • Progressed after first-line and second-line therapy (if there is a second-line therapy that has been shown to provide clinical benefit)

      • Must receive standard second-line therapy if second-line therapy has been shown to provide clinical benefit
  • Evaluable disease by physical examination, imaging, and/or one of the following:

    • Two rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels ≥ 2 weeks apart, with one obtained during screening (for patients with prostate cancer)
    • Two rising CA-125 levels ≥ 2 weeks apart, with one obtained during screening (for patients with ovarian cancer)
  • No CNS cancer, either primary lesions or metastatic disease, as the current malignancy
  • No pleural effusions, ascites, or leptomeningeal disease as the only manifestation of the current malignancy

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Granulocyte count ≥ 1,500/μL
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/μL
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
  • Serum bilirubin normal
  • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) (≤ 4 times ULN for patients with liver or bone metastases)
  • AST and ALT ≤ 1.5 times ULN (≤ 5 times the ULN for patients with liver metastases)
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dL
  • INR < 1.3
  • aPTT ≤ 1.5 times ULN
  • Fasting total serum cholesterol ≤ 220 mg/dL (without cholesterol-lowering drugs)
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • Able and willing to swallow pills
  • No malabsorption syndrome or other condition that would interfere with enteral absorption
  • No history of significant atherosclerotic disease, including the following:

    • Coronary artery disease (i.e., myocardial infarction within the past year or unstable angina)
    • Documented carotid atheromas
  • No history of congestive heart failure or ventricular arrhythmia requiring medication
  • No congenital long QT syndrome
  • No baseline QTc intervals > 0.47 seconds on two of three baseline 12-lead ECGs recorded during the screening period
  • No active infection requiring intravenous antibiotics
  • No known HIV infection
  • No uncontrolled hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, or hypokalemia, defined as less than the lower limit of normal for the institution despite adequate electrolyte supplementation
  • No history of clinically important liver disease, including cirrhosis or viral or other hepatitis
  • No current alcohol abuse
  • No significant traumatic injury within the past 3 weeks
  • No other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates the use of an investigational drug or that may affect the interpretation of the study results or renders the patient at high risk from treatment complications

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy, investigational therapy, radiotherapy, or major surgical procedure and recovered
  • No concurrent medications with narrow therapeutic indices that are cytochrome P450 substrates (warfarin sodium [Coumadin®])
  • No concurrent medications known to prolong the QT interval, including any of the following:

    • Quinidine or other anti-arrhythmic agents
    • Haloperidol, fluoxetine, paroxetine, or sertraline
    • Pentamidine, fluoroquinolone, or macrolide antibiotics
  • No concurrent medications that may interfere with the metabolism of GDC-0449 (e.g., ketoconazole)
  • No concurrent grapefruit juice
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00607724

Sponsors and Collaborators
Genentech, Inc.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center
Investigators
Study Director: Clinical Trials Hoffmann-La Roche
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Genentech, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00607724     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00862771
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000585468  JHOC-J06131  GENETECH-SHH3925g 
Study First Received: January 31, 2008
Results First Received: July 22, 2015
Last Updated: September 8, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Genentech, Inc.:
unspecified adult solid tumor, protocol specific

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on December 07, 2016