Yttrium Y 90 Radiolabeled Glass Beads in Treating Patients With Liver Cancer That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00589030
Recruitment Status : No longer available
First Posted : January 9, 2008
Last Update Posted : February 15, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
City of Hope Medical Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Internal radiation therapy uses radioactive material placed directly into or near a tumor to kill tumor cells. Using radiolabeled glass beads to kill tumor cells may be effective treatment for liver cancer that cannot be removed by surgery.

PURPOSE: To provide expanded access and study the side effects of yttrium Y 90 glass microspheres in treating patients with liver cancer that cannot be removed by surgery.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Liver Cancer Radiation: brachytherapy Radiation: yttrium Y 90 glass microspheres

Detailed Description:



  • Provide supervised access to treatment with yttrium Y 90 glass microspheres (TheraSphere®) to eligible patients with primary cancer to the liver and who are not surgical resection candidates.
  • Evaluate patient experience and toxicities associated with TheraSphere® treatment.
  • Enter treatment experience into a liver database.


  • Determine the tumor response rates in patients receiving this treatment.

OUTLINE: This is a humanitarian device exemption use study.

Patients receive yttrium Y 90 glass microspheres (TheraSphere®) via percutaneous hepatic arterial infusion. Patients may be retreated between 30-90 days after the initial infusion.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed for 30 days and then annually thereafter for up to 2 years.

Study Type : Expanded Access
Official Title: A Treatment of Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma With TheraSphere (Yttrium-90 Glass Microspheres): A HDE Treatment Use Protocol
Study Start Date : April 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Yttrium
U.S. FDA Resources

Intervention Details:
    Radiation: brachytherapy
    The target dose of TheraSphere® is 80-150Gy
    Radiation: yttrium Y 90 glass microspheres
    The target dose of TheraSphere® is 80-150Gy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Confirmed diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Surgical evaluation by a member of the Liver Tumor Program must conclude the patient is not a candidate for resection or ablation
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status Score 0-2
  • Able to comprehend and provide written informed consent in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Absolute granulocyte count =<1,500/ul
  • Platelet count =<75,000/ul
  • Serum creatinine >= 2.0 mg/dl
  • Serum bilirubin

    • >= 2.0 mg/dl for bilateral treatment or lobar treatment
    • >= 3.0 mg/dl for single lesion which could be treated by segmental fusion
  • History of severe allergy or intolerance to any contrast media, narcotics, sedatives, or atropine
  • Bleeding, diathesis not correctable by usual forms of therapy
  • Severe peripheral vascular disease that would preclude catheterization
  • Portal hypertension with portal venous shunt away from the liver
  • Evidence of potential delivery greater than 16.5 mCi (30 Gy absorbed dose) of radiation to the lungs on either:

    1. first TheraSphere administration; or
    2. cumulative delivery of radiation to the lungs > 30 Gy over multiple treatments
  • Evidence of any detectable Tc-99m MMA flow to the stomach or duodenum, after application of established angiographic techniques to stop such flow
  • Significant extrahepatic disease representing an imminent life-threatening outcome
  • Severe liver dysfunction (Childs' Classification C) or pulmonary insufficiency (requiring continuous oxygen therapy)
  • Active uncontrolled infection
  • Significant underlying medical or psychiatric illness
  • Pregnant women may not participate
  • Children may not participate

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00589030

United States, California
City of Hope Medical Center
Duarte, California, United States, 91010-3000
Sponsors and Collaborators
City of Hope Medical Center
Principal Investigator: Yi-Jen Chen, MD, PhD City of Hope Medical Center

Responsible Party: City of Hope Medical Center Identifier: NCT00589030     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 06057
CDR0000579146 ( Registry Identifier: NCI PDQ )
NCI-2010-00429 ( Registry Identifier: NCI CTRP )
First Posted: January 9, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 15, 2017
Last Verified: February 2017

Keywords provided by City of Hope Medical Center:
adult primary hepatocellular carcinoma
advanced adult primary liver cancer
localized unresectable adult primary liver cancer
recurrent adult primary liver cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Liver Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Central Nervous System Stimulants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Adrenergic Agents
Adrenergic Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors