Study of Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor Fusion Protein Etanercept (Enbrel) in Psoriasis of the Hands and/or Feet

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00585650
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 3, 2008
Results First Posted : November 8, 2011
Last Update Posted : December 7, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Patricia Summerville, University of California, Irvine

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this research study is to see how well (compared to placebo) Enbrel® (etanercept) 50 mg twice a week for 12 weeks affects plaque psoriasis of the hands and/or feet (palmoplantar psoriasis).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Psoriasis Biological: Etanercept Other: Placebo injections Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This multicenter investigation is a 12 week, double-blind, randomized trial of etanercept, 50 mg twice weekly versus placebo in subjects with palmoplantar psoriasis (PPP). Subjects who meet the eligibility criteria will be randomized to either 50 mg etanercept twice weekly or placebo. Subcutaneous injections will occur twice weekly at approximately the same time of day over the 12-week treatment period. The primary efficacy endpoint will be assessed after 12 weeks of treatment. At the end of the first 12 weeks, all patients (both treatment and placebo arms) will be treated with etanercept 50 mg twice a week (BIW) for an additional 12 weeks.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled Study of Recombinant Human Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor (p75) Fusion Protein Etanercept (Enbrel) in Patients With Moderate to Severe Plaque Psoriasis of the Hands and/or Feet
Study Start Date : May 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Etanercept

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment Group
Etanercept (Enbrel) 50mg twice weekly injections for 12 weeks
Biological: Etanercept
Subcutaneous injections 50 mg Etanercept will occur twice weekly over a 12-week treatment period.
Other Name: Enbrel

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Group
Placebo Injections twice weekly for 12 weeks
Other: Placebo injections
Placebo injections twice weekly for 12 weeks.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The Number of Subjects Who Achieve a 50% Reduction in the Palmoplantar Psoriasis Severity Index at 12 Weeks [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]
    Psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) is the most widely used tool for the measurement of severity of psoriasis. This tool is used to assess the skin lesions of the entire body however, the palmoplantar psoriasis severity index (PPPASI) is a modified form of the the PASI that is assessed for skin lesions of the hands and feet only. The severity is estimated by three clinical signs: erythema induration and desquamation. Severity parameters are measured on a scale of 0 to 4, 4 being the most severe.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Moderate to severe palmar plantar psoriasis based on physician's global assessment (PGA).
  • Between 18 and 70 years of age
  • Negative urine pregnancy test at screening and at baseline
  • Sexually active men and women of child-bearing potential must agree to use a medically accepted form of contraception (birth control) during the exclusionary medicine wash-out period and throughout the study.
  • Ability to self inject study drug or have a designee who can do so
  • Capable of understanding and giving written voluntary informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous treatment with Enbrel® (etanercept) or similar drugs
  • Receipt of investigational drugs or "biologics" within 4 weeks of the screening visit.
  • Evidence of skin conditions (e.g. eczema) other than psoriasis that would interfere with evaluations of the study medication.
  • Receipt of any biologic medication within the previous 6 months that resulted in a decreased white blood cell count (cells to help fight infections)
  • Ultraviolet light treatment (e.g. UVB, PUVA) within one month prior to study drug initiation.
  • Receipt of immune-suppressing drugs other than Rheumatrex® (methotrexate) or Soriatane® (acetretin) within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study drug. Medications you would not be allowed to take during this study include for example, Cytoxan® (cyclosporine), Imuran® (azathioprine), or Sulfazine® (sulfasalazine). If you remain on Rheumatrex® (methotrexate) (≤25 mg/week) or Soriatane® (acitretin) (≤50 mg/day), you must be considered to have inadequate disease control in the opinion of the investigator based on physician's global assessment. You must have been on a stable dose of systemic treatment for at least 1 month prior to the start of the study medication. You will be required to maintain a stable dose of the systemic treatment throughout the study.
  • Use of topical steroids in the past 14 days unless they have been used for longer than 14 days and the severity of disease allows entry into study.
  • Systemic steroid use (prednisone, etc).
  • Prior or concurrent use of Cytoxan® (cyclophosphamide).
  • Elevated liver tests; red blood cell count less than normal; decreased platelet count (cells to help with blood clotting); decreased white blood cell count (cells to fight infection); kidney insufficiency
  • Any severe adverse event, infection or abnormal laboratory value at the time of the screening visit that would preclude participation in the study
  • Presence of a severe infection, less than 30 days prior to the screening visit or between the screening visit and the first dose of study drug
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding females.
  • Significant concurrent medical diseases including: Uncompensated congestive heart failure (heart is unable to pump as normal): Myocardial infarction (heart attack) within 12 months of screening period; Unstable or stable angina pectoris (chest pains related to your heart); Uncontrolled high blood pressure
  • Severe lung disease requiring medical or oxygen therapy
  • History of cancer (other than surgically removed skin cancer and in situ cervical cancer) within 5 years of the screening visit
  • History of tuberculosis
  • Known to be HIV positive
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Any neurologic demyelinating disease (such as multiple sclerosis or any neurologic disease causing loss of sensation or loss of normal movement) or seizure disorder
  • Current or history of psychiatric disease that would interfere with ability to comply with the study protocol or give informed consent.
  • History of alcohol or drug abuse.
  • Not up-to-date with all immunizations in agreement with the current immunization guidelines
  • Significant exposure to the varicella virus (chicken pox)
  • Guttate or generalized pustular psoriasis
  • Surgery or trauma within a month of baseline considered by the investigator to represent a significant risk or interfere with patient evaluation.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00585650

United States, California
UC Irvine Dermatology Clinical Research Center
Irvine, California, United States, 92697
United States, North Carolina
Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27157
United States, Washington
Dermatology Associates, PLLC
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98101
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, Irvine
Principal Investigator: Gerald D Weinstein, M.D. University of California, Irvine

Responsible Party: Patricia Summerville, Senior clinical research coordinator, Dermatology, University of California, Irvine Identifier: NCT00585650     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2006-5092
Amgen Protocol 20060514 ( Other Identifier: Amgen 20060514 )
First Posted: January 3, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 8, 2011
Last Update Posted: December 7, 2018
Last Verified: November 2018

Keywords provided by Patricia Summerville, University of California, Irvine:
palmoplantar psoriasis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Skin Diseases, Papulosquamous
Skin Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors