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Quetiapine and Concerta in the Treatment for ADHD and Aggressive Behavior.

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00550147
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 29, 2007
Results First Posted : May 13, 2015
Last Update Posted : May 13, 2015
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Indiana University ( Indiana University School of Medicine )

Brief Summary:
The primary purpose of this thirteen-week, open-label study is to test the hypothesis that quetiapine in combination with Oros methylphenidate will reduce aggressive symptoms in children and adolescents who have shown inadequate response to OROS methylphenidate alone.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Attention Deficit Disorder With Hyperactivity Drug: Oros Methylphenidate Drug: quetiapine Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Informed consent will be obtained from the subject and parent or legal guardian before any study procedures begin. Study procedures will include the verification of inclusion and exclusion criteria, and completion of assessments and safety measures (physical examination, vital signs, adverse events and concomitant medication review, AIMS, laboratory tests, ECG, pregnancy test) as indicated in the Schedule of Events. All laboratory and electrocardiogram results must be reviewed by a physician before the subject returns for Visit 2.

Study Period II (Visits 2-5)

All subjects meeting entry criteria will initially receive Oros methylphenidate beginning at Visit 2. The Oros methylphenidate will be titrated over 3 visits according to the following schedule:

  • Visit 2 dose of 18 mg QAM
  • Visit 3 dose of 36mg QAM
  • Visit 4 dose of 54mg QAM.
  • At Visit 5, any subjects unable to tolerate continuation of the Oros methylphenidate dose of 54mg QAM or subjects that meet improvement criteria as defined above will be discontinued from the study. Subjects able to tolerate the daily dose of 54mg Oros methylphenidate and who do not meet improvement criteria at Visit 5 will begin receiving quetiapine in addition to continuing Oros methylphenidate at 54mg QAM for the balance of the study. The initial dose of quetiapine dispensed at Visit 5 will be 25mg QAM for one day with an increase to 25mg BID until Visit 6.

At each visit safety and efficacy information will be completed according to the Schedule of Events.

Study Period III (Visits 6-10) Quetiapine will be titrated at Visits 6 - 9 according to the parameters in the quetiapine dosing schedule and the completion of safety and efficacy measures listed in the Schedule of Events. A telephone follow-up with the parent or legal guardian will be made 7-9 days after Visit 8 for physician review of subject adverse events and safety.

At visit 10 subjects will be given clinical recommendations for follow-up care from a physician investigator after completion of all study procedures (labs/EKG, vital signs, physical exam, AIMS, ADHD-RS-IV, CGI-I, CGI-S, RAAPP, MOAS, SNAP, CCPT)


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 30 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label Study of Quetiapine Added to Oros Methylphenidate in the Treatment of ADHD and Aggressive Behavior
Study Start Date : February 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2005
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2005


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1
Oros Methylphenidate and Quetiapine
Drug: Oros Methylphenidate

Oros methylphenidate will be titrated over 3 visits according to the following schedule:

  • Visit 2 dose of 18 mg QAM
  • Visit 3 dose of 36mg QAM
  • Visit 4 dose of 54mg QAM.
Other Name: Concerta

Drug: quetiapine

Quetiapine will be titrated according to the following schedule as determined by efficacy and safety assessments (See Table 1).

Table 1: Quetiapine Dosing Schedule (subject's required weight = 30-80 kg)

  • Visit 5 dose of 25mg BID
  • Visit 6 dose of 50mg BID
  • Visit 7 dose of 100mg BID
  • Visit 8 dose of 200mg BID
  • Visit 9 dose of 300mg BID

Efficacy: For any visit following Visit 5, dosage will remain stable if clinically significant improvement criteria are met.If subjects subsequently fail to meet clinically significant improvement criteria, dose increases will resume at the next level of the dosing schedule.

Other Name: Seroquel




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. RAAPP: Rating of Aggression Against People and/or Property Scale [ Time Frame: See Arm/Group - Repeated Measures ]
    The RAAPP is a global rating scale of aggression that is completed by a clinician based on interview and observation data. It is scored from 1 (no aggression reported) to 5 (intolerable behavior).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. CGI-S: Clinical Global Improvement Scale [ Time Frame: See Arm/Group - Repeated Measures ]
    The CGI-S is a 1-7 investigator rating of overall severity of target behavioral symptoms, which will be completed at each visit as a secondary efficacy measure of global behavioral functioning. A score of 1 indicates "normal, not ill at all" and a score of 7 indicates "among the most extremely ill patients".

  2. Modified Overt Aggression Scale (MOAS) [ Time Frame: See arm/group - repeated measures ]
    The Modified Overt Aggression Scale (MOAS) is a clinician-rated scale of aggressive outbursts experienced in the past week. Weightings are assigned for severity and frequency of aggression. MOAS total severity score will be completed as a secondary efficacy measure of aggressive behavior. The range for the MOAS is 0-235. A score of 0 indicates "no aggression" and a score of 235 indicates "the most severe and frequent aggressive outbursts".

  3. Swanson, Nolan and Pelham IV (SNAP-IV) Oppositional-Defiant Disorder Subscale [ Time Frame: See arm/group - repeated measures analysis ]
    The Swanson, Nolan and Pelham (SNAP-IV) is a 90-item, parent-completed questionnaire consisting of symptoms of ADHD, aggression, depression, and mania. Parents rate each item from 0(not at all) to 3 (very much) based on their child's behavior during the past week. The scores from the Oppositional-Defiant Disorder section of this questionnaire will be used as secondary efficacy measures of parent-reported aggressive behavior. These scores range from 0-24.

  4. Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Rating Scale -IV- Parent Version (ADHDRS-IV-Parent Version) [ Time Frame: See Arm/Group - repeated measures ]
    The Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Rating Scale -IV- Parent Version (ADHDRS-IV-Parent:Inv) (Faries, Yalcin, Harder, & Heiligenstein, 2001) is an interviewer-administered semi structured interview with the parent, focusing on the 18 DSM-IV symptoms. Ratings are made on a 0 (never or rarely) to 3 (very often) scale. The range of the ADHDRS-IV is 0-54. A zero (0) scores indicates no ADHD symptoms and 54 indicates most severe ADHD symptoms. The ADHDRS-IV-Parent:Inv provides an overall severity score, symptom count, and ADHD diagnosis for the child.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects must be at least 12 yrs.old but less than 18 when informed consent is obtained.
  2. Subjects must meet DSM-IV criteria for ADHD/Combined Type and one of the Disruptive Behavior Disorders as diagnosed by clinical interview and confirmed by the Kiddie-SADS-PL (K-SADS-PL) semistructured diagnostic interview.
  3. Subjects must have one DSM-IV aggressive feature of Conduct Disorder (CD) as rated on the K-SADS-PL including:

    • initiation of physical fights (CD symptom A2)
    • use of a weapon to bring harm to others (CD symptom A3)
    • physical cruelty to people (CD symptom A4) or animals (CD symptom A5)
    • confrontation stealing (CD symptom A6)
    • destruction of property (CD symptom A8 or A9).
  4. Subjects must have severe aggressive and ADHD symptoms as indicated by a global CGI score of 4 or greater and a RAAPP score of 4 or 5 at Visit 1.
  5. Subjects must have had at least four outbursts per month involving destruction of property, verbal aggression, or physical aggression toward others or self during the past two months at Visit 1.
  6. Subjects with previous trials of psychostimulants must have had a response insufficient to markedly change overall quality of life as defined by a CGI score of 3 or greater based on interview with the parent.
  7. Subjects must not have taken any medication for the treatment of ADHD or DBD for either 5 half-lives of the medication or 28 days (whichever is less) at Visit 1. If subjects are currently taking medications for the treatment of ADHD or DBD, the assent and consent must be reviewed and signed by the subject and parent/legal guardians (Visit 0) before the physician investigator will provide a tapering schedule for current medications.
  8. Laboratory results obtained at Visit 1 must be reviewed by a physician by Visit 2 and show no significant abnormalities.
  9. Baseline electrocardiogram (ECG) results obtained at Visit 1 must be assessed by a physician by Visit 2 and show no significant abnormalities.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects with likely mental retardation as defined as a K-BIT Matrices IQ score of less than 70 at Visit 1.
  2. Subjects who meet criteria for bipolar disorder as diagnosed by clinical interview and confirmed by the K-SADS-PL at Visit 1.
  3. Subjects with a biological parent or sibling who meets criteria for bipolar disorder.
  4. Subjects who have any history of psychosis.
  5. Subjects who weigh less than 30kg or more than 80kg at study entry.
  6. Female subjects who are pregnant or who are breast-feeding as assessed at Visit 1.

    Postmenarcheal sexually-active females who are not using a clinically acceptable method of birth control.

  7. Subjects with a history of any seizure disorder other than febrile seizures.
  8. Subjects with a history of alcohol or drug abuse within the past three months or who are currently using alcohol, drugs of abuse, or any prescribed or over-the-counter medications in a manner considered abusive by the investigators.
  9. Subjects currently taking any psychotropic medications or who are likely to need psychotropic medications during the study as assessed by the physician at Visit 1.
  10. Subjects considered to be at serious suicidal risk.
  11. Subjects taking any medications that are not reviewed and approved by a physician investigator. Specific requirements include:

    • Psychotropic medications other than quetiapine and Concerta may not be used during the trial.
    • Patients may receive lorazepam or chlorpromazine if needed for severe aggression. These drugs should not be given beyond 24 hours.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00550147


Locations
United States, Indiana
Riley Childrens Hospital
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202
Sponsors and Collaborators
Indiana University School of Medicine
Investigators
Principal Investigator: David Dunn, MD Indiana University

Responsible Party: Indiana University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00550147     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00198211
Other Study ID Numbers: 0307-31 (IRB#)
First Posted: October 29, 2007    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 13, 2015
Last Update Posted: May 13, 2015
Last Verified: May 2015

Keywords provided by Indiana University ( Indiana University School of Medicine ):
ADHD-Combined TypeDisruptive behavior Disorder

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Aggression
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Mental Disorders
Behavioral Symptoms
Methylphenidate
Quetiapine Fumarate
Central Nervous System Stimulants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Antipsychotic Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Psychotropic Drugs