Prevention of Autoimmune Destruction and Rejection of Human Pancreatic Islets Following Transplantation for Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00501709
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 16, 2007
Last Update Posted : December 23, 2016
Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of California, San Francisco

Brief Summary:
Pancreatic islets are the part of the pancreas that produce insulin and help control the blood sugar. This study aims to improve islet transplantation as a treatment for Type 1 Diabetes by using a new combination of immunosuppressive drugs that have been successful in treating other autoimmune diseases and in preventing kidney transplant rejection.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Type 1 Diabetes Drug: Belatacept Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : February 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Diabetes Type 1
Drug Information available for: Belatacept

Intervention Details:
  • Drug: Belatacept
    IV infusion - 10mg per kilo at day 0,4,14,28,56,84 and then 5mg per kilo monthly through month 12 and then 5mg per kilo every 4-6 weeks for the remainder of the study.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. lnsulin independence [ Time Frame: monthly ]

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • Metabolic lability/instability characterized by hypoglycemia or ketoacidosis(>2 hospital admissions in the previous year), erratic glucose profiles(MAGE >120mg/dL), or disruption in lifestyle(danger to life, self or others). Reduced awareness of hypoglycemia or > 1 episode in the last 1.5 years of severe hypoglycemia.
  • Persistently poor glucose control (as defined by HgbA1c>10% at the end of six months of intensive management efforts with diabetes care team.
  • Progressive secondary complications as defined by

    • a new diagnosis by an ophthalmologist of proliferative retinopathy or clinically significant macular edema or therapy with photocoagulation during the last year; or
    • urinary albumin excretion rate >300mg/day but proteinuria <3g/day; or
    • symptomatic autonomic neuropathy (as defined by postural hypotension in the setting of euvolemia, gastroparesis or diarrhea attributed to diabetic neuropathy, or neuropathic bladder as diagnosed by an urologist)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient weighs more than 80kg or body mass index BMI>28
  • Patient's insulin requirement is >55 Units/day.
  • Current use of immunosuppressive agents.
  • History of malignancy within 10 years (except for adequately treated basal or squamous cell CA of the skin).
  • Active peptic ulcer disease.
  • Severe unremitting diarrhea or other GI disorders potentially interfering with the ability to absorb oral medications.
  • Untreated proliferative retinopathy.
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding.
  • Female subjects not post-menopausal or surgically sterile, or not using an acceptable method or contraception.
  • Active infections.
  • Major ongoing psychiatric illness.
  • Ongoing substance abuse, drug or alcohol; or recent history of noncompliance.
  • Portal hypertension or history of significant liver disease.
  • Lymphopenia (<1000/ul) or leukopenia (<3000 total leukocytes/ul) or an absolute CD4 count <500/ul.
  • Presence or history of panel-reactive anti-HLA antibody >20%.
  • Evidence of acute EBV infection (IgM>IgG) OR no serologic evidence of previous exposure to EBV (IgG>IgM).
  • Serologic evidence of infection with HIV or HbsAg or HCV Ab positive.
  • Creatinine clearance <60ml/min/m2.
  • Positive lymphocytoxic cross-match using donor lymphocytes and serum

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00501709

United States, California
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California, United States, 94143
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Francisco
Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation
Principal Investigator: Peter G Stock, M.D., Ph.D. University of California, San Francisco
Principal Investigator: Andrew Posselt, M.D., Ph.D. University of California, San Francisco

Responsible Party: University of California, San Francisco Identifier: NCT00501709     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 39-42C
First Posted: July 16, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 23, 2016
Last Verified: December 2016

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Diabetes Mellitus
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents