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HIV Prevention in Haitian American Adolescents

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Identifier:
First received: June 28, 2007
Last updated: October 28, 2014
Last verified: September 2014
There has not been a great deal of research involving Haitian American adolescents and HIV risk reduction. The purpose of the study is to learn better ways to teach teenagers about living healthy by educating these children about how to make good choices about things like eating healthy, exercise, and sexual behavior. The primary focus of the proposed study is to understand the mechanisms of adopting safer sex practices among Haitian American (H-A) adolescents. We will enroll 160 male and 160 female participants to achieve the target sample of 272 participants at the 12-month follow-up time point.

Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral and Standard Care with Healthy Living
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: HIV Prevention in Haitian Youths (HAP)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The BART Condition will reduce HIV transmission risk behavior over time more than the SC. Assessments will be completed prior, after, 4 , 8 and 12 months after the intervention. Measure examples are
  • Sexual and Condom Attitudes
  • Self-Efficacy Scale
  • Behavioral Intentions scale
  • Health Protective Sexual Communication Scale
  • Comfort talking about Safer Sex measure
  • Condom Use Skills
  • Risk Behavior Assessment

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Examples are
  • The Millon Adolescent Clinical Inventory
  • The Adolescent-Family Inventory of Life Events & Changes
  • Stephenson Multigroup Acculturation Scale
  • Adolescent Health Questionnaire-Adolescent and Parent Version.

Estimated Enrollment: 320
Study Start Date: December 2002
Study Completion Date: December 2006
Primary Completion Date: December 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:
The primary focus of the study is to understand the mechanisms of adopting safer sex practices among Haitian American (H-A) adolescents. We replicated a Cognitive-Behavioral HIV transmission risk reduction (CB-HIV-TRR) intervention entitled "Becoming A Responsible Teen" (BART, St. Lawrence, et al, 1995; St. Lawrence, 1998). This approach, which emphasizes building skills and self-efficacy in the process of risk reduction, was demonstrated to be highly effective with African American male and female adolescents in Mississippi. In a meta-analysis of published CB-HIV-RR intervention outcome studies (Kalichman, et al., 1996), the BART intervention was shown to have produced the highest effect not only for the published studies with adolescents, but also for HIV prevention interventions of all other populations studied. Based on its promising effects, the BART intervention has been officially designed as one of only four HIV risk "Programs that Work" by CDC Division of Adolescent and School Health (DASH). CDC designates programs as such based on reviewing programs in the literature using rigorous criteria. The proposed work focused on delineating theoretically important conditions associated with HIV transmission risk reduction (HIV-TRR) to address issues of mechanism of action and generalizability, respectively. Specifically, this 5 year study evaluates the effects of a version of the BART intervention that has been adapted to be appropriate to Haitian adolescents in Miami) as compared to a standard care (SC) condition among 160 male and 160 female high risk Haitian adolescents.

Ages Eligible for Study:   14 Years to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. The adolescent reports being at high risk for HIV transmission by virtue of having ever engaged in risky sexual behavior.
  2. The adolescent is available for the full duration of the study with no anticipated circumstances impeding study participation (e.g., jail term, out-of-town, etc.).
  3. The adolescent is fluent in spoken English required to complete our assessment battery and participate in group interventions. Because all of the adolescent are in or have been in the English speaking Public School system they virtually all are fluent in English.
  4. The adolescent is willing to assent for participation in the study.
  5. The adolescent has an identifiable parent or parent-figure (i.e., a number of adolescents will have sisters, aunts, or grandmothers who function as their primary caretaker) who is the legal guardian for the adolescent and who is willing to sign the informed consent. A bilingual assessor who is fluent in Creole will be available to parents that speak limited English and the consent forms for the parents will be in Creole.
  6. The adolescent is assessed not to be harmful to self or others using the relevant sections of the POSIT-HRS and Millon Adolescent Clinical Inventory (MACI).
  7. The adolescent has no evidence of psychiatric impairments (e.g., psychosis) that might compromise the participants' ability to comprehend and participate in the assessment and intervention processes.
  8. The child's guardian will be invited to complete a questionnaire regarding communication with their teenager about sex and their guardian's level of acculturation.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00494273

United States, Florida
Center for Haitian Studies
Miami, Florida, United States, 33138
Sponsors and Collaborators
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Principal Investigator: Robert M. Malow, Ph.D. Florida International University
  More Information Identifier: NCT00494273     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R01HD038458 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: June 28, 2007
Last Updated: October 28, 2014

Keywords provided by Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD):
Haitian American Adolescents
HIV Prevention
Cognitive Behavioral Intervention

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases processed this record on May 23, 2017