A Phase II Study of EC17 (Folate-hapten Conjugate) in Patients With Progressive Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma
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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00485563
Recruitment Status :
(Changes in treatment paradigm resulted in a lower than expected rate of accrual.)
This is a Phase 2 clinical trial to collect data on tumor responses produced by folate-hapten conjugate therapy (vaccination with EC90 [KLH-FITC] and GPI-0100 adjuvant followed by treatment with EC17 (folate-FITC) in combination with low-dose cytokines in patients with progressive metastatic renal cell carcinoma. All patients will undergo imaging with the investigational imaging agent 99mTc-EC20 (FolateScan) during the screening period to confirm eligibility for the treatment portion of the clinical trial.
Rationale: This is a Phase 2 study of folate-hapten conjugate therapy in combination with low-doses of the cytokines Interleukin-2 (IL-2) and Interferon-alpha (INF-alpha). Folate-hapten conjugate treatment consists of subcutaneous vaccinations with EC90, a compound designed to elicit an immune response (antibodies) to a dye called fluorescein (FITC), in combination with GPI-0100 adjuvant (a drug intended to improve antibody production). Vaccination is followed by treatment with EC17, a drug made by linking folate (a vitamin) with FITC. Experimental evidence has shown that the folate receptor is over-expressed in many human cancers, including renal cell carcinoma. It is expected that EC17 will attach to cancer cells through the folate receptor and that antibodies to FITC will recognize the cancer cell and mark it for destruction by the body's immune system. Two drugs, IL-2 and IFN-alpha, will be administered at low doses in combination with EC17 in order to boost the immune response. During the screening period, all potential patients will undergo imaging with 99mTc-EC20 (a technetium-based, folate- linked radiopharmaceutical [EC20]) for the purpose of identifying patients whose tumors express the folate receptor; the target of folate-hapten conjugate therapy. Prior to receiving EC90/GPI-0100 and EC17 therapy, patients must exhibit at least one tumor lesion that displays adequate uptake of 99mTc-EC20 during the imaging procedure.
1.2mg in combination with adjuvant GPI-0100 administered subcutaneously (beneath the skin) weekly for 4 consecutive weeks during the first cycle of treatment, weekly for 2 consecutive weeks during the second cycle and once for each additional cycle.
Other Name: Keyhole limpet hemocyanin fluorescein
3.0 mg in combination with EC90 administered subcutaneously weekly for 4 consecutive weeks during the first cycle of treatment, weekly for 2 consecutive weeks during the second cycle and once for each additional cycle.
Other Name: Saponin-based adjuvant
Drug: EC17 (Folate-FITC)
0.3mg/kg administered subcutaneously 5 days per week (Monday through Friday) for 4 consecutive weeks for the first two treatment cycles and then 3 days per week (Monday, Wednesday, Friday) for 3 consecutive weeks for each additional cycle.
7.0 MIU administered subcutaneously 3 times per week (Monday, Wednesday, Friday) for 4 consecutive weeks during the first 2 cycles of treatment, then 2.5 MIU administered subcutaneously 3 times per week (Monday, Wednesday, Friday) for 3 consecutive weeks for each additional cycle.
3.0 MIU administered subcutaneously 3 times per week (Monday, Wednesday, Friday) for 4 consecutive weeks during the first 2 cycles of treatment, then 3.0 MIU administered subcutaneously 3 times per week (Monday, Wednesday, Friday) for 3 consecutive weeks for each additional cycle.
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Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Must have a histologically confirmed diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma (clear cell or predominately clear cell component). Papillary histology may also be enrolled (maximum of 6 patients)
Must be diagnosed with relapsed or Stage IV disease that is medically or surgically unresectable and that has progressed after systemic therapy, including at least one agent in the general class of kinase inhibitors (TKI not required for papillary histology)
Must have measurable/evaluable metastatic disease sites that have not previously received radiotherapy and which does not require palliative intervention (at the time of enrollment). Patients with non-measurable/evaluable disease are ineligible
Must have at least one tumor lesion that displays uptake of 99mTc-EC20
Must be > than or = 18 years of age
Women must either be 1)not of child-bearing potential of 2)have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to commencing treatment with investigational agents
Must have completed prior cytotoxic chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy or experimental therapy 30 or more days prior to study enrollment, and recovered (or returned to baseline) from associated acute toxicities. This restriction excludes palliative radiotherapy.
Must have an ECOG score less than or equal to 2
Must have adequate hematologic, renal, and heptic function
Must not have a history of severe hypersensitivity (grade 3 - 4 allergic reaction) to fluorescein, radiological contrast agent, cytokines, or have received fluorescein within 30 days of the study
Must not have medical conditions that preclude the use of IL-2 or IFN-α.
Must not be pregnant or breast-feeding
Must not be currently undergoing chemotherapy, anticancer hormonal therapy, and/or therapy with immunosuppressant agents
Must not be currently receiving bisphosphonates such as Zometa® (unless started > four weeks prior to treatment with EC90/GPI-0100, in which case they can be continued)
Must not have any concomitant malignancy with the exception of basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of skin
Must not have radiographically documented evidence of current brain metastases, a history of stem cell transplant, immunodeficiency, and/or a medical or psychiatric illness (that in the investigator's opinion, would prevent adequate compliance with study therapy or evaluation of the endpoints)
Must not have been administered another radiopharmaceutical that would interfere with the assessment of 99mTc-EC20
Must not be unable to tolerate conditions for radionuclide imaging