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Phase 2 Clinical Trial of NPI-0052 in Patients With Relapsed or Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Triphase Research and Development I Corporation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00461045
First received: April 13, 2007
Last updated: August 14, 2017
Last verified: August 2017
  Purpose
This is a Phase 2, open-label, multicenter study examining the safety, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, and best overall response to escalating doses of the proteasome inhibitor NPI-0052 (also known as marizomib) in patients with relapsed or relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma. NPI-0052 is a novel, second generation proteasome inhibitor that prevents the breakdown of proteins involved in signal transduction which blocks growth and survival in cancer cells. The study is a Phase 2 study and is a 2-stage efficacy design in a selected subgroup of patients (Arm C) treated with the recommended phase 2 dose of NPI-0052, as determined in a previously completed Phase 1 study. The study is to evaluate the safety and any preliminary evidence of efficacy of NPI-0052 in multiple myeloma patients who have previously received carfilzomib (PR-171, Kyprolis™) and subsequently had disease progression.

Condition Intervention Phase
Multiple Myeloma Drug: MRZ 0.5 mg/m^2 Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 2 Clinical Trial of NPI-0052 in Patients With Relapsed or Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Triphase Research and Development I Corporation:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Patients Exhibiting a Given Overall Response as Determined by Investigator [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 6.09 weeks. ]
    Disease response and progression were determined by the investigator using the International Myeloma Working Group Uniform Response Criteria (IMWG-URC). Overall response rate includes patients with a best response of PR of better. Stringent complete response (CR) includes immunophenotypic CR and molecular CR in addition to stringent CR.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Duration of MRZ Treatment [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 6.09 weeks. ]
    Duration of treatment is defined as the last dose date minus the first dose date of the dose cohort plus 1 expressed in weeks.

  • Number of Cycles of Marizomib (MRZ) [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 6.09 weeks. ]
  • Number of Patients Receiving Marizomib (MRZ) in Each Cycle [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 6.09 weeks. ]
    A patient was counted in a cycle if the patient received at least one dose of study drug during the cycle.

  • Number of Patients With Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 6.09 weeks. ]

    Adverse events were graded using NCI-CTCAE (version 4.3). TEAEs are defined as any adverse event with an onset date between the date of first dose and 30 days after the date of last dose of any study drug.

    Treatment-related adverse events are adverse events considered related to at least one study drug by the investigator (NPI-002, dexamethasone), including those with unknown relationship.


  • Number of Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 6.09 weeks. ]

    Adverse events were graded using NCI-CTCAE (version 4.3). TEAEs are defined as any adverse event with an onset date between the date of first dose and 30 days after the date of last dose of any study drug.

    Treatment-related adverse events are adverse events considered related to at least one study drug by the investigator (NPI-002, dexamethasone), including those with unknown relationship.


  • Maximum Observed Blood Drug Concentration (Cmax) [ Time Frame: Samples collected on Cycle 1 Day 1 and Cycle 1 Day 11. ]

Enrollment: 15
Study Start Date: March 2007
Study Completion Date: October 2014
Primary Completion Date: September 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: MRZ 0.5 mg/m^2
Twice-weekly dosing with 2-hour IV infusions on days 1,4,8, and 11 of 3-week cycles
Drug: MRZ 0.5 mg/m^2
NPI-0052 0.5 mg/m2 administered IV over 2 hours on Days 1, 4, 8, and 11 in each 21-day cycle
Other Names:
  • Marizomib
  • NPI-0052

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria: Prior to Amendment 13:

  • Age 18 years.
  • Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) score 70%.
  • All patients must have histologic evidence of multiple myeloma. Evidence of relapsed or relapsed/refractory disease for which no other approved treatment is available and clinically indicated. In addition, patients may have undergone prior bone marrow transplantation. For patients treated at the Recommended Phase 2 Dose patients are required to have measurable relapsed or relapsed/refractory disease. Disease must be assessed within 28 days prior to treatment initiation.

    1. Measurable disease is defined as one of the following:

      • Serum M-protein ≥0.5 g/dL
      • Urine M-protein ≥200 mg/24 hours
      • Involved serum free light chain (FLC) level ≥10 mg/dL, provided the serum FLC ratio is abnormal
    2. Relapsed and Refractory are defined as:

      • Must have received at least 2 prior treatment regimens.
      • Must have received prior treatment with at least 2 cycles of lenalidomide and at least 2 cycles of bortezomib (either in separate regimens or within the same regimen).
      • Must have received a cytotoxic chemotherapy agent (eg, alkylating agent).
      • Relapsed Disease: Must have progressive disease after having achieved at least stable disease for at least one cycle of treatment during at least one prior regimen.
      • Refractory Disease: Must have documented evidence of progressive disease during or within 60 days (measured from the end of the last cycle) of completing the most recently received anti-myeloma drug regimen prior to study entry
  • All AEs resulting from prior chemotherapy, surgery, or radiotherapy must have resolved to NCI-CTCAE Grade 1 (except for hematologic parameters outlined below).
  • The following laboratory results, within 7 days prior to NPI-0052 administration (transfusions and/or growth factor support may be used with discretion by the Investigator during Screening):

    • Hemoglobin 8 g/dL
    • Absolute neutrophil count 0.5 × 109/L
    • Platelet count 30 × 109/L
    • Serum bilirubin 1.5 × ULN
    • AST 2.5 × ULN
    • Serum creatinine 1.5 × ULN
    • Creatinine clearance ≥40 mL/min
  • Signed informed consent.
  • Must have previously received at least 2 cycles of carfilzomib (as a single agent or in combination with other agents) and subsequently had disease progression during or within 60 days of carfilzomib therapy. Carfilzomib does not have to be the most recent therapy that the patient has received, but patients must have documented disease progression during or within 60 days of their last anti-myeloma therapy

Inclusion Criteria Amendment 13:

  • Age 18 years.
  • Karnofsky Performance Status score 70%.
  • All patients must have histologic evidence of multiple myeloma and evidence of relapsed or relapsed/refractory disease as defined below Patients are required to have measurable relapsed or relapsed/refractory disease. Disease must be assessed within 28 days prior to treatment initiation.

    1. Measurable disease defined as one of the following:

      • Serum M-protein ≥0.5 g/dL
      • Urine M-protein ≥200 mg/24 hours
      • Involved serum free light chain (FLC) level ≥10 mg/dL provided the serum FLC ratio is abnormal
    2. Relapsed and Refractory are defined as:

      • Must have received at least 2 prior treatment regimens.
      • Must have received prior treatment with at least 2 cycles of an immunomodulator (lenalidomide or pomalidomide or thalidomide).
      • Must have previously received at least 2 cycles of carfilzomib (as a single agent or in combination with other agents) and subsequently had disease progression during or within 60 days of carfilzomib therapy. Carfilzomib does not have to be the most recent therapy that the patient has received, but patients must have documented disease progression during or within 60 days of their last anti-myeloma therapy. Patients may also have received bortezomib.

In addition, patients may have undergone prior cytotoxic chemotherapy, bone marrow transplantation and previously participated in other clinical trials.

  • Relapsed Disease: Must have progressive disease after having achieved at least stable disease for at least one cycle of treatment during at least one prior regimen.
  • Refractory Disease: Must have documented evidence of progressive disease during or within 60 days (measured from the end of the last cycle) of completing the most recently received anti-myeloma drug regimen prior to study entry.

    • All Adverse Events resulting from prior chemotherapy, surgery, or radiotherapy, must have resolved to CTCAE Grade 1 (except for hematologic parameters outlined below).
    • The following laboratory results, within 7 days of NPI-0052 administration (transfusions and/or growth factor support may be used with discretion by the Investigator during the screening period):
  • Hemoglobin 8 g/dL
  • Absolute neutrophil count 0.5 x 109/L
  • Platelet count 30 x 109/L
  • Serum bilirubin 1.5 x ULN
  • AST 2.5 x ULN
  • Serum creatinine 1.5 x ULN
  • Creatinine clearance ≥40 mL/min -Signed informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Administration of chemotherapy, biological, immunotherapy, or investigational agent (therapeutic or diagnostic) within 14 days prior to receipt of study medication (this washout period can be reduced to 7 days for biologically targeted therapies (eg, bortezomib, carfilzomib, thalidomide, lenalidomide, pomalidomide, and dexamethasone or equivalent), provided the patient has recovered from the toxicity from these regimens per Inclusion Criterion #4). Patients must be 6 weeks from last dose of nitrosourea and 12 weeks from BMT. Patients must be 2 weeks from last dose of radiation.
  • Patients with Grade >1 proteinuria (1 g/24 hour excluding M proteins = urine paraprotein subtracted from total urine protein), untreated urinary tract infection, as well as any pre existing kidney disease (acute or chronic) that in the Investigator's assessment would impose excessive risk to the patient.
  • Patients with evidence of mucosal or internal bleeding and/or platelet refractory (ie, unable to maintain platelet count 30 × 109/L).
  • Significant cardiac disease defined as:

    • Patients with congenital long QT syndrome;
    • Congestive heart failure of Class III or IV of the NYHA classification;
    • History of myocardial infarction or ischemia within 12 months of study enrollment.
  • Abnormal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (< lower limit of normal as defined by the study site for a patient of that age) by echocardiogram (ECHO) or multiple-gated angiography (MUGA).
  • Patients with a prior hypersensitivity reaction of CTCAE Grade >3 to therapy containing propylene glycol or ethanol.
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding women. Female patients must be postmenopausal or surgically sterile, or they must agree to use acceptable methods of birth control (ie, a hormonal contraceptive with barrier method, intra-uterine device, diaphragm with spermicidal or condom with spermicide, or abstinence) for the duration of the study and for one month following study completion. Female patients with childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within the 7 days before the first NPI-0052 administration. Male patients must be surgically sterile or agree to use an acceptable method of contraception.
  • Active uncontrolled bacterial or fungal infection requiring systemic therapy; infection requiring parenteral antibiotics.
  • Known to be HIV positive or positive and active for hepatitis A, B, or C.
  • Any medical conditions that, in the Investigator's opinion, would impose excessive risk to the patient. Examples of such conditions include infection requiring parenteral or oral anti-infective treatment or any altered mental status or psychiatric condition that would interfere with an understanding of the informed consent.
  • Unwilling or unable to comply with procedures required in this protocol.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00461045

Locations
United States, Florida
Moffitt Cancer Center
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
United States, Illinois
University of Chicago, School of Medicine
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637
United States, Maryland
University of Maryland
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21201
United States, Massachusetts
Dana Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
United States, Michigan
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109
United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
Sponsors and Collaborators
Triphase Research and Development I Corporation
Investigators
Study Director: Steven D Reich, MD Triphase Research and Development I Corp
  More Information

Publications:
Cheson BD, Pfistner B, Juweid ME, et al. Revised Response Criteria for Malignant Lymphomas. From the Members of the International Harmonization Project (IHP) of the Competence Network Malignant Lymphoma, 47th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology. Blood. 2005 Nov;106: abstract #18
ClinicalTrials.gov. Phase 3 Study With Carfilzomib and Dexamethasone Versus Velcade and Dexamethasone for Relapsed Multiple Myeloma Patients (ENDEAVOR). ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01568866.
12. Facon T, Dimopoulos M, Dispenzieri A, et al. Initial Phase 3 Results Of The First (Frontline Investigation Of Lenalidomide + Dexamethasone Versus Standard Thalidomide) Trial (MM-020/IFM 07 01) In Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma (NDMM) Patients (Pts) Ineligible For Stem Cell Transplantation (SCT). 2013; ASH Annual Meeting Plenary Session, Sunday, December 8, 2013: 2:55 PM
KYPROLIS™ (carfilzomib) for Injection Prescribing Information. Onyx Pharmaceuticals, Inc., South San Francisco, CA; 07/2012. http://www.kyprolis.com/Areas/Hcp/content/pdfs/PI.pdf
National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology. http://www.cap.org/apps/docs/committees/immunology/myeloma.pdf. Multiple Myeloma (V.1.2011), 201. Accessed 20 September 2013
National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology. http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/myeloma.pdf. Multiple Myeloma (Version 2.2013). Accessed 29 August 2013
Suzuki E, Jazirehi A, Palladino M, Bonavida B. Chemosensitization of Drug and Rituximab Resistant Daudi B-NHL Clones to Drug-Induced Apoptosis by the Proteasome Inhibitor NPI-0052. 47th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Hematology. Blood. 2005;106: abstract #1521

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Triphase Research and Development I Corporation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00461045     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NPI-0052-101
Study First Received: April 13, 2007
Results First Received: March 29, 2017
Last Updated: August 14, 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes

Keywords provided by Triphase Research and Development I Corporation:
multiple myeloma
proteasome inhibitor
relapsed
refractory

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 25, 2017