Try the modernized beta website. Learn more about the modernization effort.
Working… Menu

The Use of Dendritic Cell/Tumor Fusions as a Novel Tumor Vaccine in Patients With Multiple Myeloma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00459069
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 11, 2007
Last Update Posted : January 12, 2010
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Information provided by:
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:
The main purpose of this study is to test the safety of dendritic cell tumor fusion study vaccine and to determine the type and severity of any side effects associated with this study vaccine. Cancer cells have unique markers that distinguish them from normal cells of the body. These markers can potentially serve as targets for the immune system. Dendritic cells are normally found in small amounts in the body and are responsible for immune responses against "foreign" substances that enter the body. Animal studies have shown that these fused cells can stimulate powerful anti-tumor responses.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Myeloma Biological: Dendritic Cell Tumor Fusion Vaccine Phase 1

Detailed Description:
  • To create the study vaccine, cells will be removed from the participants tumor and fused (mixed) with powerful immune system stimulating cells (dendritic cells) obtained from the participants blood.
  • Not everyone who participates in this study will be receiving the same amount of study vaccine. A small group of people will be enrolled into the study and given a certain dose. If they tolerate it well, the next group of people enrolled will receive a higher dose. This will continue until the highest dose level tolerated is determined.
  • Once the screening tests are completed and it is determined the participant is eligible, they will undergo some baseline procedures. In an effort to make the study vaccine, tumor cells and dendritic cells will be collected from the participant. Tumor cells may be collected from bone marrow or from a collection of tumor cells called a plasmacytoma. A decision will be made based upon the location of the cancer.
  • A bone marrow aspiration/biopsy will be performed during the following time points: at screening, prior to the first vaccination, and at 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months after the final study vaccination. These will be used to assess and follow the participants multiple myeloma.
  • Leukapheresis will be performed to obtain dendritic cells. This procedure takes 2 to 4 hours to and involves the collection of a large number of white blood cells. Dendritic cells will be generated in the laboratory from white blood cells. If not enough white blood cells are collected, the participant may be asked to return to the clinic for an additional leukapheresis procedure.
  • Before each vaccine is administered (weeks 0, 3, 6) the following study tests and procedures will be performed: skin test; blood test, physical exam and 24-hour urine collection. A physical exam and blood tests will be performed on the weeks when the participant does not receive the vaccine (weeks 1,2,4,5,7,8).
  • The study schedule will consist of a fixed dose of the fused (mixed) cell vaccine under the skin every 3 weeks. Each study vaccine will be accompanied by an injection of GM-CSF. Participants will receive 2 or more vaccines depending upon the total number of fusion cells made, the dose the participant is assigned to receive and their response to the study vaccine.
  • Follow-up after the vaccine treatment is completed will consist of the following: blood collection (1, 3 and 6 months after final study vaccination); bone marrow aspiration/biopsy (1, 3 and 6 months after final study vaccination); physical exam (1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 months after final study vaccination); radiologic tumor assessment (1, 3 and 6 months after final study vaccination.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 18 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Use of Dendritic Cell/Tumor Fusions as a Novel Tumor Vaccine in Patients With Multiple Myeloma
Study Start Date : July 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Intervention Details:
  • Biological: Dendritic Cell Tumor Fusion Vaccine
    Vaccine administered on weeks 0, 3 and 6

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To assess the toxicity associated with vaccination of patients multiple myeloma with dendritic cell(DC)/tumor cell fusions co-administered with GM-CSF. [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To determine whether evidence of tumor specific cellular and humoral immunity can be induced by serial vaccination with DC/tumor cell fusion cells co-administered with GMCSF [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
  2. to determine if vaccination with DC/tumor cell fusions co-administered with GM-CSF results in clinical disease response. [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Confirmed diagnosis of multiple myeloma: Stage I not requiring initiation of chemotherapy; Stage I, II or III patients felt to be clinically stable and having received at least one prior chemotherapy regimen
  • Measurable disease as defined by a history of an elevated M component in plasma or urine or free kappa.lambda light chains in serum
  • 18 years of age or older
  • ECOG Performance Status of 0-1 with a greater than nine week life expectancy
  • > 20% bone marrow involvement or plasmacytoma amenable to resection under local anesthesia
  • Laboratory results within ranges outlined in protocol
  • Negative pregnancy test and adequate contraception method(s) must be documented

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of clinically significant venous thromboembolism
  • Received other immunotherapy treatment in the past 4 weeks prior to the initiation of cell collections for vaccine generation
  • Chemotherapy or radiation therapy 4 weeks prior to the first vaccine
  • Clinically significant autoimmune disease
  • HIV positive
  • Serious intercurrent illness
  • Taking systemic corticosteroids within 4 weeks of treatment with study drug

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00459069

Layout table for location information
United States, Massachusetts
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Sponsors and Collaborators
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: David Avigan, MD Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: David Avigan, MD, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Identifier: NCT00459069    
Other Study ID Numbers: 03-240
First Posted: April 11, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 12, 2010
Last Verified: January 2010
Keywords provided by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:
tumor vaccine
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases