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Study of Taxotere and Doxil to Treat Advanced Androgen-Independent Prostate Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
James Graham Brown Cancer Center Identifier:
First received: April 4, 2007
Last updated: October 6, 2014
Last verified: October 2014
This clinical research study is being done because there is no effective treatment for advanced androgen-independent prostate cancer. This study will determine if the combination of medications (Taxotere and Doxil) are effective in this kind of cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Prostate Cancer
Drug: Taxotere
Drug: Doxil
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Study of Docetaxel (Taxotere) in Combination With Doxorubicin HCI Liposome Injection (Doxil) in Advanced Androgen-Independent Prostate Cancer (AIPC)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by James Graham Brown Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum Tolerated Dose and Toxicity Profile [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    There is no data to report. Data for this trial was not analyzed, the PI left institution.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Response Rate [ Time Frame: 7 years ]
    Data not analyzed, PI left institution

Enrollment: 39
Study Start Date: January 2004
Study Completion Date: August 2010
Primary Completion Date: August 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Taxotere and Doxil
Treatment will be repeated every 28 days. Taxotere is administered on days 1, 8 and 15 (rate: 1 hour). Dose levels 1, 2 and 3 (mg/m2 i.v.) are 25, 25 and 30, respectively. Treatment will be administered on an outpatient basis. Treatment will be repeated every 28 days. Doxil is administered on day 1 (rate: 1mg/min). Dose levels 1, 2 and 3 (mg/m2 i.v.) are 25, 30 and 30, respectively.
Drug: Taxotere
Treatment will be administered on an outpatient basis. Treatment will be repeated every 28 days. Taxotere is administered on days 1, 8 and 15 (rate: 1 hour). Dose levels 1, 2 and 3 (mg/m2 i.v.) are 25, 25 and 30, respectively.
Drug: Doxil
Treatment will be administered on an outpatient basis. Treatment will be repeated every 28 days. Doxil is administered on day 1 (rate: 1mg/min). Dose levels 1, 2 and 3 (mg/m2 i.v.) are 25, 30 and 30, respectively.

Detailed Description:

Each cycle of treatment will consist of four weeks. The 2 types of medicines are given intravenously (in a vein). Doxil is given on the first day of each cycle. Taxotere is given once a week for the first 3 weeks of each cycle. This is followed by a week of rest until the next cycle starts. Treatment is given on an outpatient basis and hospitalization is not anticipated.

Prior to entry on this study, "screening" tests are performed to determine eligibility to participate. This will involve a complete history and physical examination, vital signs, pain assessment, blood tests including CBC (complete blood count), serum chemistry, and PSA (prostate specific antigen), x-rays (chest x-ray, possible plain films of bones if there are abnormal findings on bone scan for clarification), computerized tomography (CT) scans of the abdomen and pelvis, bone scans, a MUGA scan or 2-D echocardiogram, and a quality of life questionnaire.

After treatment starts the following tests are done to regularly monitor for beneficial and toxic effect of the treatment:

Every week: blood tests.

Every month: physical examination, weight, vital signs (blood pressure, respiration, temperature and heart rate) and PSA test.

Every 2 months: pain assessment, quality of life questionnaire, x-rays (chest x-ray and possible pain films of bones if positive findings are seen on bone scan), computerized tomography (CT) scans (abdomen and pelvis) and bone scans.

Participants may continue with any procedures that are part of their regular cancer care. It is anticipated that participants will be in the study for a minimum of 2 months and as long as they are benefiting from the treatment.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate.
  • Androgen-independent disease progression, as shown by:
  • A castrate testosterone level of < 40 ng/dl (this measurement is required only for patients treated with medical testicular suppression). If testicular suppression is achieved medically, treatment to maintain castrate levels of testosterone must be applied continuously.
  • A PSA level of at least 4 ng/ml, and rising (with an absolute change of at least 1 ng/ml) on two consecutive measurements at least 2 weeks apart prior to study entry.
  • Patients must be off anti-androgens such as flutamide (Eulexin) or nilutamide (Nilandron) for at least four weeks, and six weeks for bicalutamide (Casodex), without evidence of response; or have evidence of progression since anti-androgen withdrawal.
  • None or one previous cytotoxic therapy is allowed. (For this study, a combination of agents given at the same period of time is considered one chemotherapy treatment)
  • Age > 18 years of age.
  • Life expectancy of greater than 12 weeks.
  • ECOG performance status 0, 1 or 2 (Karnofsky >50%; see Appendix B).
  • Patients must have adequate bone marrow function as defined below:

    • absolute neutrophil count > 1,500/ul
    • platelets > 100,000/ul
    • hemoglobin > 8 g/dl
  • Patients must have adequate liver function as defined below:

    • total bilirubin normal, albumin > 3.0 g/dl, and no ascites
    • AST(SGOT) and ALT(SGPT) and Alkaline Phosphatase must be within the range allowing for eligibility
  • Patients must have adequate renal function as defined by a creatinine < 2.5 mg/dl or a creatinine clearance > 30 mL/min (measured or estimated by the Cockroft formula) for patients with creatinine levels above 2.5 mg/dl
  • Patients must have recovered from acute toxicities from chemotherapy or radiotherapy administered prior to entering this study. Alopecia may not be resolved and peripheral neuropathy (grade 1) may be present.
  • Patients must have a MUGA scan or 2-d echocardiogram indicating an ejection fraction of > 50% within 42 days prior to first dose of study drug. The method used at baseline must be used for later monitoring.
  • Patients with reproductive potential must use an adequate contraceptive method (e.g., abstinence, intrauterine device, oral contraceptives, barrier device with spermicide or surgical sterilization) during treatment and for three months after completing treatment.
  • Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier.
  • Patients who have had two or more prior chemotherapy treatment(s) (For this study, a combination of agents given at the same period of time is considered one chemotherapy treatment).
  • Patients receiving any other investigational agent(s).
  • Patients with symptomatic brain metastases or actively receiving any therapy for brain metastasis (because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events).
  • Active second malignancy in the last 5 years except for non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma-in-situ.
  • History of cardiac disease, with New York Heart Association Class II or greater, or clinical evidence of congestive heart failure.
  • History of hypersensitivity reactions attributed to a conventional formulation of doxorubicin HCL, the components of Doxil, docetaxel or other drugs formulated with polysorbate 80.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00456989

United States, Kentucky
James Graham Brown Cancer Center
Louisville, Kentucky, United States, 40202
Sponsors and Collaborators
James Graham Brown Cancer Center
Principal Investigator: Damian Laber, MD James Graham Brown Cancer Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: James Graham Brown Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00456989     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB# 575-03
Study First Received: April 4, 2007
Results First Received: October 6, 2014
Last Updated: October 6, 2014

Keywords provided by James Graham Brown Cancer Center:
Androgen Independent
Prostate Cancer
Advanced Androgen-Independent Prostate Cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Liposomal doxorubicin
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on May 25, 2017