China Case Control Avian Influenza

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00428753
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 30, 2007
Last Update Posted : May 30, 2008
Information provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:
This study will determine risk factors of human infection with avian influenza A virus, also known as bird flu virus. Certain risk factors such as exposure to poultry, travel history, health status, and other factors may affect one's risk of getting bird flu. Study participants will include individuals, older than age 1, that tested positive for influenza A (H5N1) in a previous surveillance program and controls (individuals that have not tested positive for avian influenza A (H5N1) and have no fever or respiratory symptoms). There will be 1 study visit during which volunteers will be asked detailed questions about their health, work, and travel habits. Study participants will be asked to donate a blood sample to test for antibodies, the part of the blood that fights infection.

Condition or disease

Detailed Description:
This study is a matched case-control study of risk factors for human infection with avian influenza A (H5N1) virus in China. The primary study objective is to determine the risk factors for avian influenza A (H5N1) virus infection in humans, in China, whether or not the subject was symptomatic. The confirmed case-patients and confirmed antibody positive avian influenza A (H5N1) persons (asymptomatic or sub-clinical) identified by the previously done National Surveillance Program will be included in this study as cases. Controls will be identified from population registries in villages with rural cases and in the adjacent apartment buildings of the urban cases' residences. If the National Surveillance Program identifies healthcare workers infected with avian influenza A (H5N1) virus, healthcare workers in the same department of the healthcare facilities in which the cases worked will also be included as controls. A matched case-control study will be conducted with a ratio of 4 controls per 1 case. Cases and controls who meet the eligibility criteria will be consented and enrolled in the study. After enrollment a questionnaire will be administered to obtain information on demographic characteristics, underlying diseases, daily activities, shopping habits, poultry raising in the backyard, poultry vaccination, exposure to sick/dead poultry or healthy appearing poultry, visits to places where live poultry were kept (e.g., poultry stalls, retail markets, wholesale markets or poultry farms) in the week before illness, eating habits, food preparation activities related to poultry, children's activities such as playing with poultry and swimming in water with water fowl, exposure to other animals including wild birds, and exposure to other humans with respiratory illnesses or confirmed H5N1 case-patients. Survived cases, individuals whose specimen H5N1 tested positive in previous National Surveillance Program and controls will be asked to provide a blood sample to determine whether they have antibodies to H5N1. New confirmed cases and controls will be asked to donate a blood sample for H5N1 antibody testing. Any control that tests positive will become a case and additional controls will be identified. All samples will be tested for H5N1 antibodies with hemagglutination inhibition (using horse red blood cells) and microneutralization assay. If all negative, the individual will be considered sero-negative; if all positive, the individual will be considered sero-positive for the purposes of this study; if results from hemagglutination inhibition (HI) and microneutralization (MN) assays are discordant, the MN result will be considered the final result (negative or positive). Appropriate antigens for the assays will be selected based on the antigenic characteristics of the virus circulating in the region at the time of sample collection. HI and MN assays will be performed according to accepted SOPs. The study will be completed within one year.

Study Type : Observational
Enrollment : 100 participants
Official Title: Matched Case-Control Study of Risk Factors for Human Infection With Avian Influenza A (H5N1) Virus, China
Study Start Date : January 2007
Study Completion Date : January 2008

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Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

Participants should be informed and assent to participate in this study. For children, informed consent should be provided by their parents or legal guardians. Children aged from 10 years old to 18 years old will be asked to assent.

  • Adults or children older than 1 year old.
  • Satisfying above definition of cases and controls

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Infants younger than 12 months
  • For any cases or controls who need proxy, they should be excluded under below situations:

    1. Proxy can not provide sufficient information for this study, or
    2. Proxy refuses to participate in this study, or
    3. No suitable proxy can be found.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00428753

Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention
Bejing, China, 100050
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Publications of Results: Identifier: NCT00428753     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 06-0070
First Posted: January 30, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 30, 2008
Last Verified: May 2008

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
avian influenza, China, H5N1

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Influenza, Human
Influenza in Birds
Orthomyxoviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases