Fluorouracil and Leucovorin and/or Levamisole After Surgery In Treating Patients With Dukes' B Or Dukes' C Colon Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00425152
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 22, 2007
Last Update Posted : February 8, 2010
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Northern California Cancer Center
Information provided by:
NSABP Foundation Inc

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fluorouracil, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Leucovorin may help fluorouracil kill more tumor cells. Biological therapies, such as levamisole, may interfere with the growth of tumor cells and slow the growth of solid tumors. It is not yet known whether fluorouracil is more effective when given together with leucovorin and/or levamisole after surgery in treating colon cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying giving fluorouracil together with leucovorin to see how well it works compared with giving fluorouracil together with levamisole, or giving fluorouracil together with leucovorin and levamisole after surgery in treating patients with Dukes' B or Dukes' C colon cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Colorectal Cancer Drug: fluorouracil Drug: leucovorin calcium Drug: levamisole hydrochloride Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare, in a Phase III setting, disease-free survival and overall survival of patients who have undergone potentially curative resection of Dukes' B or C carcinoma of the colon randomly assigned to adjuvant therapy with 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin vs. 5-fluorouracil/levamisole vs. 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin/levamisole.

OUTLINE: Randomized study. Arm I: Single-agent Chemotherapy with Drug Modulation. 5-Fluorouracil, 5-FU, NSC-19893; with Leucovorin calcium, Citrovorum Factor, CF, NSC-3590. Arm II: Single-agent Chemotherapy with Drug Modulation plus Biological Response Modifier Therapy. 5-FU; with CF; plus Levamisole, LEV, NSC-177023. Arm III: Single-agent Chemotherapy plus Biological Response Modifier Therapy. 5-FU; plus LEV.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: 1,800 evaluable patients will be accrued over about 3 years; an additional 2 years will be required before final analysis.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 2151 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Clinical Trial to Assess the Relative Efficacy of 5-FU + Leucovorin, 5-FU + Levamisole, and 5-FU + Leucovorin + Levamisole in Patients With Dukes' B and C Carcinoma of the Colon
Study Start Date : July 1989
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 1998
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2004

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U.S. FDA Resources

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 70 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: See General Eligibility Criteria

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: See General Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00425152

Sponsors and Collaborators
NSABP Foundation Inc
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Northern California Cancer Center
Study Chair: Norman Wolmark, MD Allegheny Cancer Center at Allegheny General Hospital
Study Chair: Robert W. Carlson, MD Stanford University

Publications of Results:
Wolmark N, Rockette H, Mamounas EP, et al.: The relative efficacy of 5-FU + leucovorin (FU-LV), 5-FU + levamisole (FU-LEV), and 5-FU + leucovorin + levamisole (FU-LV-LEV) in patients with Dukes' B and C carcinoma of the colon: first report of NSABP C-04. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 15: A460, 205a, 1996.

Other Publications:
Wang SJ, Zamboni BA, Wieand HS, et al.: Conditional survival for patients with colon cancer: an analysis of National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP) trials C-03 through C-06. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 24 (Suppl 18): A-6005, 302s, 2006.
Kim GP, Colangelo L, Wieand H, et al.: Prognostic and predictive roles of high-degree microsatellite instability (MSI-H) in colon cancer: National Cancer Institute (NCI)-National Surgical Adjuvant Bowel Project (NSABP) collaborative study. [Abstract] American Society of Clinical Oncology 2005 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium, 27-29 January 2005, Miami, Florida. A-227, 2005.

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Norman Wolmark, MD, NSABP Foundation, Inc. Identifier: NCT00425152     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NSABP C-04
U10CA012027 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: January 22, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 8, 2010
Last Verified: February 2010

Keywords provided by NSABP Foundation Inc:
stage II colon cancer
stage III colon cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protective Agents
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Antinematodal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antirheumatic Agents