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Pain Management for Pectus Excavatum Repair

This study has been completed.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First Posted: December 20, 2006
Last Update Posted: January 16, 2012
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Shawn St. Peter, Children's Mercy Hospital Kansas City

The objective of this study is to scientifically evaluate two different management strategies for post-operative pain after pectus excavatum repair.

The hypothesis is that pain management without an epidural decreases hospital stay without compromising comfort.

The primary outcome variable is length of hospitalization after the intervention.

Condition Intervention
Postoperative Pain Drug: Epidural Analgesia Drug: Patient-Controlled IV Analgesia

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Prospective Randomized Trial: Pain Management Strategy After Pectus Excavatum Repair

Further study details as provided by Shawn St. Peter, Children's Mercy Hospital Kansas City:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Length of Hospitalization [ Time Frame: 1 week ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Time in the Operating Room [ Time Frame: 1 week ]

Enrollment: 110
Study Start Date: October 2006
Study Completion Date: October 2010
Primary Completion Date: May 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 1
Epidural analgesia
Drug: Epidural Analgesia
Upon arrival to the operating room, patients will have a thoracic epidural (T 6-9) placed while in the sitting position. All epidural catheters will be inserted 3-5 cm within the epidural space and will be placed by attending anesthesiologists. Patients will receive midazolam 0.025 - 0.05 mg/kg IV (max 5mg) and/or fentanyl 0.5 - 2 mcg/kg IV for comfort during the procedure. Once the epidural is placed, the patient will be positioned for surgery. The epidural catheter will be initially bolused with 0.3ml/kg of ropivacaine 0.10% (max 10 ml), fentanyl 1 - 1.2 mcg/kg and clonidine 1.8 - 2mcg/kg. An infusion of ropivacaine 0.10%, fentanyl 2mcg/ml and clonidine 1.5mcg/ml will be initiated immediately at the rate of 0.3ml/kg/hr (max 10ml/hr). Intraoperatively, patients will receive intravenous fentanyl if indicated.
Experimental: 2
IV narcotic analgesia
Drug: Patient-Controlled IV Analgesia
In the PCA arm, patients will receive fentanyl (3-6 mcg/kg) at anesthesia induction. Additional fentanyl may be administered intraoperatively as indicated. Patients who are > 35 Kg. (in keeping with current FDA approved labeling) will receive a clonidine 0.1 mg/day transdermal patch to the deltoid immediately after induction of anesthesia. Subjects in the epidural arm also receive clonidine. Upon arrival to the post anesthesia care unit, patients will be placed on a patient controlled analgesic (PCA) pump (hydromorphone: loading dose if needed; 5-6 mcg/kg continuous infusion; 5-6 mcg/kg six minute demand dose). An additional hydromorphone dose (8mcg/kg) will be available every 2 hours for pain scores of > 4/10 throughout the duration of PCA use.

Detailed Description:

This will be a single institution, prospective, randomized clinical trial involving patients who undergo the minimally invasive repair of a pectus excavatum deformity with bar placement. This is intended to be a definitive study.

Power calculations based on the known length of hospitalization listed above with α = 0.05 and power of 0.8 show the need for 55 patients in each arm. The primary end point will be reached during the hospital stay; therefore, we expect a very small amount of attrition and will intend to recruit 110. One group will undergo an attempt for epidural regional analgesia (epidural) for post-operative pain control. The other groups will receive patient controlled intravenous systemic analgesia (PCA).

Both groups will have the same management algorithm. All data will be analyzed on intention-to-treat basis.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   8 Years to 18 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients undergoing a pectus excavatum repair with bar placement.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Open repair
  • Re-Do operation
  • Known allergy to a pain medication in the protocol
  • Existing contraindications to epidural catheter placement
  • Requirement for 2 bars to be placed (rare)
  • Inadequate baseline cognitive function to understand/respond to VAS questionnaire
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00413582

United States, Missouri
Children's Mercy Hospital
Kansas City, Missouri, United States, 64108
Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Mercy Hospital Kansas City
Principal Investigator: Shawn D St. Peter, MD Children's Mercy Hospital
  More Information

Responsible Party: Shawn St. Peter, MD, Children's Mercy Hospital Kansas City
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00413582     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 06 08 128
First Submitted: December 18, 2006
First Posted: December 20, 2006
Results First Submitted: December 12, 2011
Results First Posted: January 16, 2012
Last Update Posted: January 16, 2012
Last Verified: December 2011

Keywords provided by Shawn St. Peter, Children's Mercy Hospital Kansas City:
Pectus Excavatum
Bar Repair
Pain Control
Pectus Excavatum Repair

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pain, Postoperative
Funnel Chest
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Postoperative Complications
Pathologic Processes
Signs and Symptoms
Bone Diseases, Developmental
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Musculoskeletal Abnormalities
Congenital Abnormalities