We are updating the design of this site. Learn more.
Show more
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Safety Study of PLX4032 in Patients With Solid Tumors

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00405587
First Posted: November 30, 2006
Last Update Posted: August 22, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
Roche Pharma AG
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Plexxikon
  Purpose
The primary objective of this FIH study is to assess the safety and pharmacokinetics of PLX4032 in patients with solid tumors. The secondary objective is to assess the pharmacodynamic activity in paired biopsy specimens obtained from patients with malignant melanoma who have the V600E BRAF oncogenic mutation.

Condition Intervention Phase
Malignant Melanoma Colorectal Carcinoma Drug: PLX4032 Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Study to Assess Safety, Pharmacokinetics, and Pharmacodynamics of PLX4032 in Patients With Solid Tumors

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Plexxikon:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Area Under the Plasma Concentration-Time Curve (AUC) of RO5185426 on Day 1 - Dose Escalation: Original Formulation [ Time Frame: Pre-morning dose and at 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8, and 24 hours post-morning dose ]
    AUC (0-8 hour) was defined as the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time equals zero (0) to 8 hours post-dose. AUC (0-24 hour) was defined as the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time equals 0 to 24 hours post-dose. AUC (0-8 hour) and AUC (0-24 hour) were computed using the linear trapezoidal rule.

  • Area Under the Plasma Concentration-Time Curve (AUC) of RO5185426 on Day 15 - Dose Escalation: Original Formulation [ Time Frame: Pre-morning dose and at 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8, and 24 hours post-morning dose ]
    AUC (0-8 hour) was defined as the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time equals 0 to 8 hours post-dose. AUC (0-24 hour) was defined as the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time equals 0 to 24 hours post-dose. AUC (0-8 hour) and AUC (0-24 hour) were computed using the linear trapezoidal rule.

  • Peak Concentration (Cmax) of RO5185426 on Day 1 - Dose Escalation: Original Formulation [ Time Frame: Pre-morning dose and at 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 hours post-morning dose on Day 1, pre-morning dose on Day 2 and Day 8 ]
  • Peak Concentration (Cmax) of RO5185426 on Day 15 - Dose Escalation: Original Formulation [ Time Frame: Pre-morning dose and at 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 hours post-morning dose on Day 15, pre-morning dose on Day 16 ]
  • Time to Peak Concentration (Tmax) of RO5185426 on Day 1 - Dose Escalation: Original Formulation [ Time Frame: Pre-morning dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 hour post-morning dose on Day 1, pre-morning dose on Day 2 and Day 8 ]
  • Time to Peak Concentration (Tmax) of RO5185426 on Day 15 - Dose Escalation: Original Formulation [ Time Frame: Pre-morning dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 hour post-morning dose on Day 15, pre-morning dose on Day 16 ]
  • AUC of RO5185426 on Day 1 - Dose Escalation: MBP Formulation [ Time Frame: Pre-morning dose and at 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8, and 24 hours post-morning dose ]
    AUC (0-8 hour) was defined as the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time equals zero (0) to 8 hours post-dose. AUC (0-24 hour) was defined as the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time equals 0 to 24 hours post-dose. AUC (0-8 hour) and AUC (0-24 hour) were computed using the linear trapezoidal rule.

  • AUC of RO5185426 on Day 15 - Dose Escalation: MBP Formulation [ Time Frame: Pre-morning dose and at 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8, and 24 hours post-morning dose ]
    AUC (0-8 hour) was defined as the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time equals zero (0) to 8 hours post-dose. AUC (0-24 hour) was defined as the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time equals 0 to 24 hours post-dose. AUC (0-8 hour) and AUC (0-24 hour) were computed using the linear trapezoidal rule.

  • Mean RO5185426 Accumulation Ratios - Dose Escalation: MBP Formulation [ Time Frame: Day 1 and Day 15: pre-morning dose and at 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 hours post-morning dose ]
    Accumulation ratio is the ratio of AUC (0-8 hour) on Day 15 / AUC (0-8 hour) on Day 1.

  • Mean RO5185426 Accumulation Ratios - Extension: BRAFV600E- Positive Melanoma and BRAFV600E- Positive CRC [ Time Frame: Day 1 and Day 15: pre-morning dose and at 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 hours post-morning dose ]
    Accumulation ratio is the ratio of AUC (0-8 hour) on Day 15 / AUC (0-8 hour) on Day 1.

  • Cmax of RO5185426 on Day 1 - Dose Escalation: MBP Formulation [ Time Frame: Pre-morning dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 hour post-morning dose on Day 1, pre-morning dose on Day 2 and Day 8 ]
  • Cmax of RO5185426 on Day 15 - Dose Escalation: MBP Formulation [ Time Frame: Pre-morning dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 hour post-morning dose on Day 15, and pre-morning dose on Day 16 ]
  • Tmax of RO5185426 on Day 1 - Dose Escalation: MBP Formulation [ Time Frame: Pre-morning dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 hour post-morning dose on Day 1, pre-morning dose on Day 2 and Day 8 ]
  • Tmax of RO5185426 on Day 15 - Dose Escalation: MBP Formulation [ Time Frame: Pre-morning dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 hour post-morning dose on Day 15, and pre-morning dose on Day 16 ]
  • AUC of RO5185426 on Day 1 - Extension: BRAFV600E- Positive Melanoma and BRAFV600E- Positive CRC [ Time Frame: Pre-morning dose and at 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8, and 24 hours post-morning dose ]
    AUC (0-8 hour) was defined as the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time equals zero (0) to 8 hours post-dose. AUC (0-24 hour) was defined as the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time equals 0 to 24 hours post-dose. AUC (0-8 hour) and AUC (0-24 hour) were computed using the linear trapezoidal rule.

  • AUC of RO5185426 on Day 15 - Extension: BRAFV600E- Positive Melanoma and BRAFV600E- Positive CRC [ Time Frame: Pre-morning dose and at 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8, and 24 hours post-morning dose ]
    AUC (0-8 hour) was defined as the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time equals 0 to 8 hours post-dose. AUC (0-24 hour) was defined as the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time equals 0 to 24 hours post-dose. AUC (0-8 hour) and AUC (0-24 hour) were computed using the linear trapezoidal rule.

  • Cmax of RO5185426 on Day 1 - Extension: BRAFV600E- Positive Melanoma and BRAFV600E- Positive CRC [ Time Frame: Pre-morning dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 hour post-morning dose on Day 1, pre-morning dose on Day 2 and Day 8 ]
  • Cmax of RO5185426 on Day 15 - Extension: BRAFV600E- Positive Melanoma and BRAFV600E- Positive CRC [ Time Frame: Pre-morning dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 hour post-morning dose on Day 15 and pre-morning dose on Day 16 ]
  • Tmax of RO5185426 on Day 1 - Extension: BRAFV600E- Positive Melanoma and BRAFV600E- CRC [ Time Frame: Pre-morning dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 hour post-morning dose on Day 1, pre-morning dose on Day 2 and Day 8 ]
  • Tmax of RO5185426 on Day 15 - Extension: BRAFV600E- Positive Melanoma and BRAFV600E- CRC [ Time Frame: Pre-morning dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 hour post-morning dose on Day 15, and pre-morning dose on Day 16 ]
  • Percentage of Participants With a Confirmed and an Unconfirmed Best Overall Response (BOR) of Complete Response (CR) or Partial Response (PR) According to RECIST Version (v) 1.0 - Extension: BRAFV600E- Positive Melanoma [ Time Frame: Screening, BL, until PD, or end of efficacy follow-up, up to data cutoff (up to 337 days) ]
    BOR of confirmed /unconfirmed (total) response was defined as CR or PR recorded from baseline until disease progression/recurrence according to Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) v 1.0 criteria. For target lesions (TLs), CR was defined as the disappearance of all TLs, and PR was defined as at least a 30 percent (%) decrease in the sum of longest diameters of the TLs, taking as a reference the baseline (BL) sum of longest diameters. For non-target lesions (NTLs), CR was defined as the disappearance of all NTLs and normalization of tumor marker levels. Confirmed responses were those which were confirmed by repeat assessments performed no less than four weeks after the criteria for response are first met. Percentage of participants with best overall response rate was calculated as the (number of participants with CR or PR) divided by (total number of participants in the cohort), and then multiplied by 100. The 95% Cl was determined using the Pearson-Clopper method.

  • Percentage of Participants With BOR of CR or PR According to RECIST v1.0 - Extension: BRAFV600E- Positive CRC [ Time Frame: Screening, BL, until PD, or end of efficacy follow-up, up to data cutoff (up to 337 days) ]
    BOR of CR or PR was recorded from baseline until disease progression/recurrence according to RECIST v 1.0 criteria. For TLs, CR was defined as the disappearance of all TLs, and PR was defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of longest diameters of the TLs, taking as a reference the BL sum of longest diameters. For NTLs, CR was defined as the disappearance of all NTLs and normalization of tumor marker levels. Confirmed responses were those which were confirmed by repeat assessments performed no less than four weeks after the criteria for response are first met Percentage of participants with best overall response rate was calculated as the (number of participants with CR or PR) divided by (total number of participants in the cohort), and then multiplied by 100. The 95% Cl was determined using the Pearson-Clopper method.

  • Percentage of Participants With BOR of CR or PR According to RECIST v1.0 - Dose Escalation: Original Formulation [ Time Frame: Screening, BL, until PD, or end of efficacy follow-up, up to data cutoff (up to 337 days) ]
    BOR of CR or PR was recorded from baseline until disease progression/recurrence according to RECIST v 1.0 criteria. For TLs, CR was defined as the disappearance of all TLs, and PR was defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of longest diameters of the TLs, taking as a reference the BL sum of longest diameters. For NTLs, CR was defined as the disappearance of all NTLs and normalization of tumor marker levels. Percentage of participants with best overall response rate was calculated as the (number of participants with CR or PR) divided by (total number of participants in the cohort), and then multiplied by 100. The 95% Cl was determined using the Pearson-Clopper method.

  • Percentage of Participants With BOR of CR or PR According to RECIST v1.0 - Dose Escalation: MBP Formulation [ Time Frame: Screening, BL, until PD, or end of efficacy follow-up, up to data cutoff (up to 337 days) ]
    BOR of CR or PR was recorded from baseline until disease progression/recurrence according to RECIST v 1.0 criteria. For TLs, CR was defined as the disappearance of all TLs, and PR was defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of longest diameters of the TLs, taking as a reference the BL sum of longest diameters. For NTLs, CR was defined as the disappearance of all NTLs and normalization of tumor marker levels. Percentage of participants with best overall response rate was calculated as the (number of participants with CR or PR) divided by (total number of participants in the cohort), and then multiplied by 100. The 95% Cl was determined using the Pearson-Clopper method.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Duration of CR or PR Using RECIST v 1.0 - Extension BRAFV600E- Positive Melanoma [ Time Frame: Screening, BL, until PD, or end of efficacy follow-up, up to data cutoff (up to 337 days) ]
    Duration of response for participants with confirmed CR or PR was the period of time measured between the date that the criteria for objective CR or PR (whichever status was recorded first) was met, and the first date that recurrent or PD was objectively documented (or death if before progression). PD was at least a 20% increase in the sum of longest diameters of TLs taking as reference the smallest sum of longest diameters recorded since the baseline measurements, or the appearance of one or more new lesion(s). In the event of no disease progression or documented death prior to study termination, analysis cutoff, or initiation of confounding anticancer therapy, duration of response was censored at the date of the last evaluable tumor assessment.

  • Percentage of Participants With Progression-Free Survival (PFS) Using RECIST v 1.0 - Melanoma Extension Cohort [ Time Frame: Month 1, 3, 4, 6, 9, and Last event (350) days ]
    PFS was the period of time measured from the date of initiation of therapy to the date of the appearance of new metastatic lesions, objective tumor progression, or death if before progression. PD was defined according to the RECIST criteria (v 1.0) as increase by at least 20% in the sum of the longest diameters of each TL, taking as a reference the smallest sum of the longest diameters, reported since the start of treatment, or appearance of one or more new lesions. For Non-TLs, PD was defined as the appearance of one or more new lesions and/or unequivocal progression of existing non-TLs.

  • PFS Using RECIST v1.0 - Extension BRAFV600E Positive Melanoma [ Time Frame: Screening, BL, until PD, or end of efficacy follow-up, up to data cutoff (up to 421 days) ]
    PFS was the period of time measured from the date of initiation of therapy to the date of the appearance of new metastatic lesions, objective tumor progression, or death if before progression. PD was at least a 20% increase in the sum of longest diameters of TLs taking as reference the smallest sum of longest diameters recorded since the baseline measurements, or the appearance of one or more new lesion(s). For Non-TLs, disease progression was defined as the appearance of one or more new lesions and/or unequivocal progression of existing non-TLs. In the event of no disease progression or documented death prior to study termination, analysis cutoff, or start of confounding anticancer therapy, PFS was censored at the date of the last evaluable tumor assessment.

  • Percentage of Participants Who Died - Extension: BRAFV600E- Positive Melanoma [ Time Frame: Screening, BL, until PD, or end of efficacy follow-up, up to 444 days ]
  • Overall Survival (OS) - Extension: BRAFV600E- Positive Melanoma [ Time Frame: Screening, BL, until PD, or end of efficacy follow-up, up to 444 days ]
    OS was the period of time measured from the date of initiation of therapy to the date of the death. In the event of no death prior to study termination or analysis data cutoff, OS was censored at the last known date that the patient was alive as documented on the follow-up case report form. If this date was not available, then the last known alive date from the database was used.

  • Time to CR or PR Using RECIST v1.0 - Extension: BRAFV600E- Positive Melanoma [ Time Frame: Screening, BL, and up to 168 days ]
    Time to CR or PR was defined as the interval between the date of the first treatment to the date of the first documentation of confirmed CR or PR whichever occurred first, and not the date of confirmation at the subsequent tumor assessment. Time to response = Date of first response - initial dose date + 1.

  • Mean Dose-Normalized Steady-State AUC of RO5185426 80 mg and 120 mg Capsules - Dose Escalation: MBP Formulation and Extension: BRAFV600E- Positive Melanoma [ Time Frame: Pre-morning dose and at 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8, and 24 hours post-morning dose ]
    AUC (0-8 hour) was defined as the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time equals 0 to 8 hours post-dose. AUC (0-24 hour) was defined as the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time equals 0 to 24 hours post-dose. AUC (0-8 hour) and AUC (0-24 hour) were computed using the linear trapezoidal rule.

  • Mean Dose-Normalized Steady-State Cmax of RO5185426 80 mg and 120 mg Capsules - Dose Escalation: MBP Formulation and Extension: BRAFV600E- Positive Melanoma [ Time Frame: Pre-morning dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 hour post-morning dose on Day 1 and 15, pre-morning dose on Day 2 and Day 8, and Day 16 ]
  • Decrease in Tumor Uptake of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) [ Time Frame: BL and Day 15 ]
    Tumor uptake of FDG was assessed by means of positron-emission tomography (PET)

  • Cmax of RO5185426 - Food Effect [ Time Frame: Pre-morning dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 hour post-morning dose on Day 1 and 15, pre-morning dose on Day 2, Day 8, and Day 16 ]
  • Tumor Levels of Phosphorylated Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinapse (ERK), Cyclin D1, and Ki-67 [ Time Frame: BL and Day 15 ]
    The immunohisto-chemical analyses of the expression of phosphorylated ERK, cyclin D1, and Ki-67 in tumor-biopsy specimens was performed using hematoxylin and eosin staining.


Enrollment: 109
Study Start Date: November 2006
Study Completion Date: February 2016
Primary Completion Date: July 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: PLX4032
Open-label, sequential dose escalation
Drug: PLX4032
Oral capsules administered BID

Detailed Description:

Activating mutations of the BRAF gene have been observed in a variety of cancers, including 55-68% of malignant melanomas. In general, oncogenic mutations of BRAF correlate with a poor outcome. PLX4032 is a compound that selectively inhibits oncogenic B-Raf kinase.

Two extension cohorts of patients with confirmed V600E mutations will be recruited, consisting of advanced melanoma and metastatic colorectal carcinoma.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Solid tumors confirmed histologically whose tumors are refractory to standard therapy, or for whom standard or curative therapy does not exist
  • Patients from whom paired melanoma biopsies are planned must have a V600E+ BRAF mutation confirmed prior to the administration of PLX4032
  • Previous chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiation therapy must have been completed at least 2 weeks prior to starting PLX4032 therapy, and all associated toxicity must be resolved prior to administration of PLX4032
  • Patients in the Extension cohorts (melanoma or adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum) must have both a V600E+ BRAF mutation and measurable disease (by RECIST V 1.0 criteria) prior to the administration of PLX4032. All patients enrolled must provide archival or fresh melanoma tumor biopsy for confirmation of V600E+ BRAF mutation status by TaqMan assay
  • ECOG performance status 0 or 1
  • Life expectancy ≥ 3 months
  • Adequate hematologic, hepatic, and renal function

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Brain metastases that are progressing or have been documented to be stable for less than 3 months, or for which systemic corticosteroids are required
  • Investigational drug use within 28 days of the first dose of PLX4032
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness
  • Refractory nausea and vomiting, malabsorption, or significant bowel resection that would preclude adequate absorption
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00405587


Locations
United States, California
University of California Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt Ingram Cancer Center
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
United States, Texas
MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Australia, Victoria
Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre
East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 3002
Royal Melbourne Hospital
Parkville, Victoria, Australia
Sponsors and Collaborators
Plexxikon
Roche Pharma AG
Investigators
Study Director: Henry Hsu, MD Plexxikon
  More Information

Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Plexxikon
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00405587     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PLX06-02
First Submitted: November 28, 2006
First Posted: November 30, 2006
Results First Submitted: July 5, 2016
Results First Posted: August 22, 2017
Last Update Posted: August 22, 2017
Last Verified: October 2016

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Melanoma
Colorectal Neoplasms
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Vemurafenib
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action